Agriculture Pest Articles

  • Researchers model ways to control deadly maize disease

    Researchers have used mathematical modelling to develop techniques to combat two co-infecting viruses causing maize lethal necrosis (MLN) in Kenya. According to researchers who conducted the new study, because maize is a staple crop in Sub-Saharan Africa, the spread of MLN is ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Glasshouse hygiene - the importance of staying clean

    The nature of ornamental crops will mean plants are often in production for a long time, which can result in pest and disease carry over; so, it’s crucial that growers employ a rigorous hygiene and disinfection routine between crops. Start clean Starting the season with remnants of inoculum in the glasshouse, means growers are already on the backfoot, as the growing ...


    By Certis UK

  • Impact of agricultural water reallocation on crop yield and revenue: a case study in China

    Our study area in the People's Victory Canal Irrigation District of Henan Province in China has been transferring agricultural water to the city for municipal use. This study starts with an examination of the impacts of irrigation frequency, irrigation water sources, and irrigation water supply performance on crop yield and net crop revenue, using data from a survey of 182 households in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Agroforestry Mitigates Climate Change

    Climate changes, as one of the biggest threats to a global food security, highly influence natural resources that are essential for crop production. Farming is not only affected by the impact of climate changes, but it’s also a significant contributor to global greenhouse gas emissions. Intensive farm practices that include both farm production and change of land use, directly affect the ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Knowledge of Farm Practices – The Key for Successful Farming

    Agriculture plays an important part in the world economy. One-third of the economically active population obtains its livelihood from agriculture. In Asia and Africa, millions of small-scale farmers, fishermen, and indigenous people produce most of the food consumed worldwide, in most cases on very small plots of land. Agriculture is increasingly called upon to address a wide range of critical ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Get Rid of Birds In Your Barn

    Pest birds can damage your barn overtime. Consider numerous factors when looking for a bird control method. Visual displays, noisemakers, barriers and sprays can help eliminate pest birds. Stop migratory birds from invading your barn with liquid bird repellent. As the temperatures begin to cool, many ...


    By Avian Enterprises, LLC

  • On-time Pest Protection

    Farming can be a beautiful job under an open sky. But sometimes that ”open sky” determines the flow of farming, total yield, and productivity according to the weather (rain, drought, hail, frost). Since the weather is a major factor in farming, farmers need to manage certain practices to protect their crops from bad weather conditions as well as from various insects and diseases ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Are agricultural chemicals affecting our water?

    With the rate at which modern towns and cities expand it’s inevitable that the volume of separation between agricultural facilities and highly populated areas is shrinking. The loss of these areas can have a lasting impact, particularly when it comes to our water supplies. From an ...


    By Aquaread Limited

  • How to Protect Your Vineyard From Birds

    Growing grapes is no easy feat, especially when birds love to snack on grapes. It’s important to protect your crop, but also important to select the option that works best for you. Learn which options are best to protect your vineyard and your profits from pest birds with these methods. Utilize Scare Tactics There are many scare tactics that can be used ...


    By Avian Enterprises, LLC

  • Long-term variations in the net inflow record for Lake Malawi

    Lake Malawi is the third largest lake in Africa and plays an important role in water supply, hydropower generation, agriculture and fisheries in the region. Lake level observations started in the 1890s and anecdotal evidence of variations dates back to the early 1800s. A chronology of lake level and outflow variations is presented together with updated estimates for the net inflow to the lake. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Integrating ecosystem services into crop protection and pest management: Case study with the soil fumigant 1,3‐dichloropropene and its use in tomato production in Italy

    Ecosystems provide the conditions for producing food, regulating water, and providing wildlife habitats; these, among others, are known as ecosystem services (ESs). Food production is both economically and culturally important to southern European farmers, particularly in Italy where farmers grow flavorsome tomatoes with passion and pride. Growers rely on pesticides for crop protection, the ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Adaptation of the agricultural sector to the effects of climate change in arid regions: competitive advantage date palm cropping patterns under water scarcity conditions

    This research paper highlights the adverse effects of climate change on the agricultural sector in Saudi Arabia and the actions taken to adapt to these adverse effects. Special focus was given to the potential to optimise the reallocation of scarce water resources among the competitive advantage date palm cropping regions in Saudi Arabia using a mathematical sector modelling approach. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A long‐term assessment of pesticide mixture effects on aquatic invertebrate communities

    To understand the potential effects of pesticide mixtures on aquatic ecosystems, studies that incorporate increased ecological relevance are crucial. Using outdoor mesocosms, the authors examined long‐term effects on aquatic invertebrate communities of tertiary mixtures of commonly used pesticides: 2 pyrethroids (permethrin, λ‐cyhalothrin) and an organophosphate (chlorpyrifos). Application ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Reforms to the Chinese Pesticide Regulation System

    Like so many other regulatory programs in China, pesticide regulations are changing. At the 8th China High-Level Forum on Pesticides, Ying Ji, Chief Agronomist of the Institute for the Control of Agrochemicals, Ministry of Agriculture (ICAMA), stated that the future of pesticide regulation in China will see more emphasis placed on industrial development, registration security, the application of ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • The DNA of the U.S. Regulatory System: Are We Getting It Right For Synthetic Biology?

    U.S. regulatory oversight of synthetic biology across the board needs to be modernized to reflect and address the promising technologies routinely entering the market. From a statutory perspective, the pertinent laws appear sufficiently broad to empower federal agencies to address potential risks and promote the potential benefits of synthetic biology. The regulatory infrastructure, however, is ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Implications of water policy reforms for virtual water trade between South Africa and its trade partners: economy-wide approach

    This paper employs an economy-wide framework to evaluate impacts of water and trade policy reforms in South Africa (SA) on virtual water flows. To pursue this analysis, the study derives net virtual water trade flows between SA and its partners to assess implications of recent trade agreements within the South African Development Community compared to economic cooperation with other major ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A decision tool for sustainable agricultural policies: the case of water saving scenarios for Apulia Region (Southern Italy)

    The economy of Apulia Region largely depends on agriculture but the scarce water resources are the main factor threatening the sustainable production of this sector. This paper describes a geographical information system (GIS) based water balance tool that integrates maps of crops, climate and soil parameters with various scenarios of cropping pattern and farming practice changes. The aim is ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Presence and persistence of wastewater pathogen Escherichia coli O157:H7 in hydroponic reactors of treatment wetland species

    Treatment wetlands (TWs) efficiently remove many pollutants including a several log order reduction of pathogens from influent to effluent; however, there is evidence to suggest that pathogen cells are sequestered in a subsurface wetland and may remain viable months after inoculation. Escherichia coli is a common pathogen in domestic and agricultural wastewater and the O157:H7 strain causes ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Detection of universal GMOs marker 35S-Promoter and tNOS-Terminator by using qTOWER 2.2, real-time PCR

    1. Introduction Due to dramatically increment of human population, many countries realized that food insufficiency will be a big issue during the next decade. To improve agriculture and livestock, they started producing genetically modified organisms (GMO) with high productivity of yield and a resistance to insects and pathogenic ...


    By Analytik Jena AG

  • A win for farmers and the environment

    Is it possible to reduce pesticide use without compromising crop yields? Yes — and then some, according to a new study published in the journal Insects. Researchers at the University of Essex in the United Kingdom measured pesticide use and crop yield at 85 project sites in 24 Asian and African countries practicing integrated pest management ...


    By Ensia

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