Farm Effluent Articles

  • Dairy Digester Opens Doors On Maryland Farm

    Kilby Inc., a 600-cow dairy operation located in Colora, Maryland, has the only operational commercial anaerobic digestion (AD) system in the state. In 2009, Kilby Inc. (the dairy farm and milk production business) began construction of a covered lagoon digester, which started operating in March 2011. The digester input consists of flushed cow manure (98% by volume) and food waste (2%), including ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Environmental input–output analysis of the New Zealand dairy industry

    This work presents data and analysis quantifying the total (direct and indirect) resource use and outputs (products and pollutants) of the New Zealand dairy industry for the year April 1997 to March 1998. It also identifies those sectors supplying the dairy industry which make significant indirect contributions to its total inputs and outputs. Although this data is 14 years old, it is the only ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • New Mexico Business Weekly Passing biogas: R-Qubed project converts cow manure to methane

    Some locals sarcastically joke that the stretch of dairy farms along Interstate 10 south of Las Cruces should be re-named “Buenos Aires” (fresh air). It’s a reference to a less than aromatic sector of I-10 in southern New Mexico, not a reflection on the capital of Argentina. But that soon might change, thanks to a US$72 million plan by R-Qubed Energy Inc. of El Paso to build ...


    By entec biopower gmbh

  • Brazilian Dairy with Space Constraints

    Case Study of a Brazilian Dairy - Space Constraints The Challenge:  The customer is a producer of dairy products including:  milk, cheese, sour cream, butter and yogurt.  In Sao Paulo City as in many large cities, the industries have to pay to discharge to the municipal wastewater system.  The dairy was no exception.  The immediate challenges they were facing were scaling ...


    By Biowater Technology

  • Treatment of farm dairy effluent with hybrid upflow multilayer bioreactor and activated sludge module

    Biological removal of nitrogen and carbon from farm dairy effluent (FDE) was studied with two laboratory-scale systems following nitrification and denitrification processes. Each system consisted of an upflow multilayer bioreactor (UMBR) as a pre-denitrification unit, an aeration tank (AT) as nitrification unit and a secondary clarifier. The optimization of two operational variables, total ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Antibiotic resistant bacterial profiles of anaerobic swine lagoon effluent

    Received for publication November 3, 2008. Although land application of swine (Sus scrofa) manure lagoon effluent is a common and effective method of disposal, the presence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, both pathogenic and commensal can complicate already understood issues associated with its safe disposal. The aim of this study was to assess antibiotic resistance in swine lagoon bacteria ...

  • Removal of Phosphorus from livestock effluents

    Received for publication December 12, 2007. For removal of phosphorus (P) from swine liquid manure before land application, we developed a treatment process that produces low P effluents and a valuable P by-product with minimal chemical addition and ammonia losses. The new wastewater process included two sequential steps: (i) biological nitrification and (ii) increasing the pH of the nitrified ...

  • Citrus Juice Processor

    A large citrus juice processor was using conventional chemistry (alum as the coagulant and a cationic flocculant) to treat their wastewater. The pH has wide swings from a low of 3.0 during processing to a high of 11.5 from their sanitizing steps. Their effluent quality varied due to the pH swings and the limitation of the performance of the chemistry. A comparison of the water is shown below ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Towards strategies for pollution control on the use of wastewater effluent in sustainable agriculture in the Gaza Strip

    The agriculture sector is a major consumer of groundwater in the Gaza Strip, where the level of groundwater, the main water resource, is being depleted and its quality is adversely affected. Wastewater reuse is identified to solve the water shortage problem in the Gaza Strip in the National Water Policy. However, treated effluent has been successfully applied in many countries, though it should ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Aquaculture Facilities As A Potential Source Of Antibiotic Resistance To The Aquatic Environment

    The development and proliferation of antibiotic resistance in pathogenic, commensal, and environmental microorganisms is a major public health concern. The extent to which human activities contribute to the maintenance of environmental reservoirs of antibiotic resistance is poorly understood. Aquaculture facilities are one possible source of resistance to the environment because of their ...

  • Microbiologically influenced corrosion in dairy effluent

    Abstract: In the dairy industry mild steel is used as the construction material for the effluent treatment plants, pipelines, reinforcement in concrete structures etc. The steel exposed to the dairy effluent faces corrosion due to the microbes. In the present study the role of microbes in dairy effluent on the corrosion of mild steel has been investigated. Pseudomonas sp., Streptococcus sp., ...

  • Anaerobic Digestion at Dairy Farms

    The need to upgrade dairy waste management practices to overcome pollution problems is leading more farmers to seek solutions with anaerobic digestion technology. Two recent examples of this trend are underway at California sites. The Cal Poly Dairy is located adjacent to the California Polytechnic State University campus in San Luis Obispo. The dairy milks 180 cows with a total population of ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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