Photosynthesis Measurement Articles

  • Forest & Plant Canopy Analysis - Tools & Methods

    Canopy Analysis for Crop, Forest & Plant Research The range of applications of canopy cover analysis is truly astounding. Canopy analysis derives its usefulness from the vitality of the canopy. Many methods to measure canopy cover have been developed in the last 80 years to meet various objectives. Not surprisingly, there have been several comparisons of the tools in different parts ...


    By CID Bio-Science, Inc.

  • How to Analyze Photosynthesis in Plants: Methods and Tools

    Photosynthesis: Why is it important? Life as we know it would be impossible without photosynthesis. Outside of providing the essential elements that support life on earth, photosynthesis is of special importance to the food and agriculture industry, as well as for ecologists studying climate change. In addition, there are many commercial enterprises which depend heavily on photosynthesis. ...


    By CID Bio-Science, Inc.

  • Tree, Crop & Plant Stress – A Primer on Abiotic and Biotic Stressors

    The natural conditions in which plants and trees grow are neither uniform nor controlled. Many changes or fluctuations, even if they are temporary, can have a negative impact on and stress plants. The factors which can lead to stress can be one of two types: abiotic or biotic. Stress can have serious repercussions on various phases of a plant’s growth and, ultimately, crop productivity. ...


    By CID Bio-Science, Inc.

  • The Importance of Leaf Area Index (LAI) in Environmental and Crop Research

    Leaf Area Index (LAI), which is used as a measure in hundreds of studies on forests, crops, climate and the environment, is calculated as half the area of all leaves per unit area of ground. It is measured as the leaf area (m2 ) per ground area (m–2) and is unit-less. So, a plant with a LAI of 2 has an amount of leaves that can cover a given area two times. LAI is calculated for a plant or ...


    By CID Bio-Science, Inc.

  • Photosynthesis Analysis with the CI-340 [WEBINAR]

    In our latest webinar, Application Scientists Katrina Tso and Dennis Fisher, with guest Dr. Olyssa Starry, Assistant Professor of Urban Ecology at Portland State University, explain the many applications of photosynthesis measurement and demonstrate how to use the portable CI-340 Photosynthesis Analysis ...


    By CID Bio-Science, Inc.

  • LED or HPS for Growing Cannabis?

    “What lighting source should I use for my licensed cannabis grow?”; “I am comparing LED to HPS for my cannabis operation. Which source do you recommend?” These are questions people ask me almost on a daily basis. We have covered this question in past posts on our blog, like this one by our very own head of marketing: LEDs vs ...


    By P.L. Light Systems Inc.

  • Demystifying Light Levels for Cannabis Grows

    As more and more investors, opportunists and growers are jumping onto the green rush that is the cannabis industry right now there is also a big influx of folks who are learning as they go.  Lighting is a major purchase for this industry as a big margin of growers still prefer the better climate control and security of growing indoors and even those who choose to grow in a greenhouse are ...


    By P.L. Light Systems Inc.

  • Demystifying Light Levels for Cannabis Grows

    As more and more investors, opportunists and growers are jumping onto the green rush that is the cannabis industry right now there is also a big influx of folks who are learning as they go.  Lighting is a major purchase for this industry as a big margin of growers still prefer the better climate control and security of growing indoors and even those who choose to grow in a greenhouse are ...


    By P.L. Light Systems Inc.

  • What are leaves and why are they important? - Case study

    As a research scientist, you’ve dedicated your life to understanding and communicating details about plants that others haven’t considered in the past. Our infographic below focuses on the leaf basics: what leaves are, what they do, and why they are so important.   Share it with your students, your friends and family, or just use it as a reminder of why you do what you ...


    By CID Bio-Science, Inc.

  • Nitrogen and phosphorus pollution alter the mutual relationship between corals and algae

    phosphorus pollution change the relationship between the pistillata and the algae living inside its tissues, a recent study has found. The researchers say the pollutants, mainly from urban and agricultural discharges, affect algae photosynthesis and the essential transfer of carbon from algae to the coral. Nitrogen and phosphorus pollution change the relationship between the tropical coral ...

  • The newest CI-110 Canopy Analyzer printed circuit boards have arrived.

    The CI-110 Canopy Analyzer is a complex system of devices all tied together with software to make the task of operating the system and analyzing the data efficient and easy. ...


    By CID Bio-Science, Inc.

  • Recovery of photosynthesis and growth rate in green, blue–green, and diatom algae after exposure to atrazine

    We evaluated the recovery of photosynthesis and growth rate in green (Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata), blue‐green (Anabaena flos‐aquae), and diatom (Navicula pelliculosa) algae after pulsed exposure to atrazine. Subsequent to a grow‐up period of 24 to 72 h to establish requisite cell density for adequate signal strength to measure photosystem II (PSII) quantum yield, algae were exposed to a ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Exergy analyses of the biochemical processes of photosynthesis

    This paper gives the exergy analyses of the main biochemical processes of photosynthesis in green plants. In the light reactions, photosystem I, photosystem II, and ATP-synthesis are found to operate at exergy efficiencies of 50%, 68% and 81%, respectively, so that 48% of the exergy of directly utilised solar photons is converted to biochemical energy carriers. Subsequently, in the dark ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Evaluation of nitrogen sources and application methods for nitrogen-rich reference plot establishment in corn

    Five different N sources were compared with null N treatment to evaluate their performance for N-rich reference plot establishment in corn (Zea mays L.). The sources, including calcium ammonium nitrate (CAN), urea ammonium nitrate (UAN), polymer-coated urea (PCU) and environmentally smart nitrogen (ESN) in 2007 and 2008, and urea (URE), were broadcast or in-soil banded at the rate of 225 kg N ...

  • Yield and water use response of cuphea to irrigation in the Northern Corn belt

    Cuphea (Cuphea viscosissima Jacq. x C. lanceolata W.T. Aiton) may be prone to drought stress, yet little is known about the yield response of this new oilseed crop to irrigation. A field study was conducted in western Minnesota on a Barnes loam soil (fine-loamy, mixed, superactive, frigid Calcic Hapludolls) in 2002 and 2003 to compare yield and water use of irrigated and nonirrigated cuphea. ...

  • Simple models for carbon assimilation by plants

    The detailed processes in photosynthesis are complicated and hard to model. In many cases, however, it’s possible to simplify the model by focusing on one or more of the limitations to assimilation. Carbon Assimilation Simplified: Light and WaterIn simplest terms, carbon assimilation involves the chemical transformation of carbon dioxide and water to carbohydrate and oxygen within the leaves of ...


    By METER Group, Inc.

  • Radiation interception and yield response to increased leaflet number in early-maturing soybean genotypes

    Early-maturing soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] cultivars require less irrigation than full-season cultivars and may mature before drought periods most often occur in the midsouthern United States. These cultivars require high plant-population densities for radiation interception and acceptable yields, which increase costs. We hypothesized that seven-leaflet genotypes would have greater leaf area ...

  • Simulating gross primary productivity of humid-temperate pastures

    Although most pasture growth models simulate many above- and belowground components of the plant community, calibration and validation are usually based only on periodic measurements of aboveground forage yield. This research used daily measurements of gross primary productivity (GPP) to validate the photosynthesis subroutine of the Integrated Farm System Model (IFSM). The model was calibrated ...

  • Quantifying Chlorophyll in leaves using a non-destructive method with the UniSpec-SC

    Chlorophyll is a driver of the physiological function of leaves. Quantifying chlorophyll content can provide information regarding the physiological state of leaves. Chlorophyll tends to decline rapidly when plants are under stress or during leaf senescence (Gitelson & Merzlyak 1994). It is very vital to understand the pattern of the pigment content change if we are to understand ...


    By PP Systems

  • Soil CO2 Flux Measurements: Comparisons Between the LI-COR LI-6400 and LI-8100

    Introduction The basic design features of LI-COR soil CO2 flux chambers were first published by Norman et. al., (1992), and the various factors known to influence the measurement of ground CO2 flux were summarized in LI-COR Application Note #124 and Welles, et. ...


    By LI-COR

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