Photosynthesis Monitoring Articles

  • The dirt on soil carbon formation during afforestation

    Soil carbon is the second-largest carbon sink in the world, and it is currently in focus during these times of accelerating climate change brought about by human activities. Very little is known on the patterns of carbon accumulation in the soil. Thus, it is essential to determine the mode and quantity of carbon being sequestered by afforestation projects to mitigate climate change, not just ...


    By CID Bio-Science, Inc.

  • Detecting salinity stress in crops

    Salinity inhibits growth and development in crops. Due to the extent of damage salinity causes to agriculture, it is identified as a major threat to food production. Therefore, practices to deal with the effects of salinity on crops are receiving a lot of attention. To be able to provide proper recommendations that are also sustainable, it is first necessary to find out how salinity affects ...


    By CID Bio-Science, Inc.

  • Influence of environment on plants

    There is no denying the importance of light for the growth of plants; however, there are many other environmental factors—such as temperature, moisture and nutrient availability, and soil type–that also influence plant growth. These factors do not act in isolation and are, many times, correlated. So, it is interesting to see how light works in combination with other resources to ...


    By CID Bio-Science, Inc.

  • Cadmium toxicity in plants

    Cadmium is a heavy, non-biodegradable metal that is toxic to plants, people, and animals. With increasing pollution and emission of cadmium, its levels in agricultural soils are increasing. The risk to humans is high due to consumption of cadmium-contaminated food. Modern applications of gas analysis and laser measurements are speeding up research in addressing the problem of cadmium stress. ...


    By CID Bio-Science, Inc.

  • Regulating fertilizer applications in agriculture for healthier crops & environment

    Farm Fertilizer - A Double-Edged Sword The excessive use of fertilizers is one of the main causes of the environmental impact of industrial agriculture. The notion that more is better has caused more harm than good to farming, as well as the environment. Therefore, using the right amount of fertilizers is considered an important part of farm management. To this end, there has been a lot ...


    By CID Bio-Science, Inc.

  • The latest advances in photosynthesis measurement

    Photosynthesis is undoubtedly one of the most important physiological processes on Earth. It is the process by which plants, algae, and bacteria produce food. Photosynthesis makes these organisms the primary producers of the earth, as all other organisms feed on them for their energy source. People depend on this important process for most of their needs: food, fiber, fuel, timber, etc. Also, ...


    By CID Bio-Science, Inc.

  • The Forest Canopy: Structure, Roles & Measurement

    If you are looking for a classic example of the circle of life, consider the forest canopy structure. A forest’s canopy structure is influenced by environmental and soil factors, and it also influences these factors in return. It is an aspect of forest ecology that is receiving more attention in this age of climate change emergency. The canopy structure is often overlooked, with most of the ...


    By CID Bio-Science, Inc.

  • Forest & plant canopy analysis - Tools & methods

    The range of applications of canopy cover analysis is truly astounding. Canopy analysis derives its usefulness from the vitality of the canopy. Many methods to measure canopy cover have been developed in the last 80 years to meet various objectives. Not surprisingly, there have been several comparisons of the tools in different parts of the world. A general knowledge of canopy cover and the ...


    By CID Bio-Science, Inc.

  • Forest & Plant Canopy Analysis - Tools & Methods

    Canopy Analysis for Crop, Forest & Plant Research The range of applications of canopy cover analysis is truly astounding. Canopy analysis derives its usefulness from the vitality of the canopy. Many methods to measure canopy cover have been developed in the last 80 years to meet various objectives. Not surprisingly, there have been several comparisons of the tools in different parts ...


    By CID Bio-Science, Inc.

  • How to Analyze Photosynthesis in Plants: Methods and Tools

    Photosynthesis: Why is it important? Life as we know it would be impossible without photosynthesis. Outside of providing the essential elements that support life on earth, photosynthesis is of special importance to the food and agriculture industry, as well as for ecologists studying climate change. In addition, there are many commercial enterprises which depend heavily on photosynthesis. ...


    By CID Bio-Science, Inc.

  • How to analyze photosynthesis in plants: Methods and tools

    Life as we know it would be impossible without photosynthesis. Outside of providing the essential elements that support life on earth, photosynthesis is of special importance to the food and agriculture industry, as well as for ecologists studying climate change. In addition, there are many commercial enterprises which depend heavily on photosynthesis. As a result, there are a plethora of methods ...


    By CID Bio-Science, Inc.

  • Tree, Crop & Plant Stress – A Primer on Abiotic and Biotic Stressors

    The natural conditions in which plants and trees grow are neither uniform nor controlled. Many changes or fluctuations, even if they are temporary, can have a negative impact on and stress plants. The factors which can lead to stress can be one of two types: abiotic or biotic. Stress can have serious repercussions on various phases of a plant’s growth and, ultimately, crop productivity. ...


    By CID Bio-Science, Inc.

  • Tree, crop & plant stress – A primer on abiotic and biotic stressors

    The natural conditions in which plants and trees grow are neither uniform nor controlled. Many changes or fluctuations, even if they are temporary, can have a negative impact on and stress plants. The factors which can lead to stress can be one of two types: abiotic or biotic. Stress can have serious repercussions on various phases of a plant’s growth and, ultimately, crop productivity. ...


    By CID Bio-Science, Inc.

  • The importance of Leaf Area Index (LAI) in environmental and crop research

    Leaf Area Index (LAI), which is used as a measure in hundreds of studies on forests, crops, climate and the environment, is calculated as half the area of all leaves per unit area of ground. It is measured as the leaf area (m2 ) per ground area (m–2) and is unit-less. So, a plant with a LAI of 2 has an amount of leaves that can cover a given area two times. LAI is calculated for a plant or ...


    By CID Bio-Science, Inc.

  • The Importance of Leaf Area Index (LAI) in Environmental and Crop Research

    Leaf Area Index (LAI), which is used as a measure in hundreds of studies on forests, crops, climate and the environment, is calculated as half the area of all leaves per unit area of ground. It is measured as the leaf area (m2 ) per ground area (m–2) and is unit-less. So, a plant with a LAI of 2 has an amount of leaves that can cover a given area two times. LAI is calculated for a plant or ...


    By CID Bio-Science, Inc.

  • Photosynthesis Analysis with the CI-340 [WEBINAR]

    In our latest webinar, Application Scientists Katrina Tso and Dennis Fisher, with guest Dr. Olyssa Starry, Assistant Professor of Urban Ecology at Portland State University, explain the many applications of photosynthesis measurement and demonstrate how to use the portable CI-340 Photosynthesis Analysis ...


    By CID Bio-Science, Inc.

  • LED or HPS for Growing Cannabis?

    “What lighting source should I use for my licensed cannabis grow?”; “I am comparing LED to HPS for my cannabis operation. Which source do you recommend?” These are questions people ask me almost on a daily basis. We have covered this question in past posts on our blog, like this one by our very own head of marketing: LEDs vs ...


    By P.L. Light Systems Inc.

  • Demystifying Light Levels for Cannabis Grows

    As more and more investors, opportunists and growers are jumping onto the green rush that is the cannabis industry right now there is also a big influx of folks who are learning as they go.  Lighting is a major purchase for this industry as a big margin of growers still prefer the better climate control and security of growing indoors and even those who choose to grow in a greenhouse are ...


    By P.L. Light Systems Inc.

  • Demystifying Light Levels for Cannabis Grows

    As more and more investors, opportunists and growers are jumping onto the green rush that is the cannabis industry right now there is also a big influx of folks who are learning as they go.  Lighting is a major purchase for this industry as a big margin of growers still prefer the better climate control and security of growing indoors and even those who choose to grow in a greenhouse are ...


    By P.L. Light Systems Inc.

  • What are leaves and why are they important? - Case study

    As a research scientist, you’ve dedicated your life to understanding and communicating details about plants that others haven’t considered in the past. Our infographic below focuses on the leaf basics: what leaves are, what they do, and why they are so important.   Share it with your students, your friends and family, or just use it as a reminder of why you do what you ...


    By CID Bio-Science, Inc.

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