Soil Conditioning Articles

  • Worms & Black Castings for an Abundance of Healthy Crops

    Earthworms are more than just good fishing buddies, they naturally incorporate organic material into the soil, increasing the amount of microbes, improving the health of the soil, and increasing plant productivity. Both worms and black castings from worms provide your garden or farm with a nutrient rich and robust environment, able to ...


    By Vermitechnology Unlimited

  • Five Ways to Manage the Soil for Planting

    The soil, as the primary resource for food production and the most important tool for every farmer, is crucial for farming. Successful farming begins with the quality soil, which provides water and essential nutrients to the crops. Rich and healthy soil, combined with the appropriate amount of water and sunlight can significantly contribute to global food production. Proper soil management ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Non-chemical Pre-plant Soil Disinfestation

    The battle with pests, diseases and weeds is an everyday problem for every farmer. Due to the fact that 40% of the world’s food production is lost due to pests and diseases, farmers need to manage crop protection. An excellent example of the need for pesticides is cotton. It is a crop that is affected by various pests. Cotton farming accounts for more than 25% of all insecticides and 12% of ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Influence of soil properties and soil leaching on the toxicity of ionic silver to plants

    Silver (Ag) has been shown to exhibit antimicrobial properties and as a result it is being increasingly used in a wide range of consumer products. Due to these uses, there is an increased likelihood that Ag may enter the environment, predominately via land application of biosolids or irrigation with treated wastewater effluent. The aim of this study was to investigate the toxicity of Ag to two ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • We’re farmers – of course we’re optimistic

    "People think that farmers are unwise, that we only work with our hands. But that’s not true, we work with our brains,” says German farmer Thomas Kläber. The sun is breaking through the clouds and shedding its light on the golden fields. We’re in the German region of Brandenburg that surrounds the capital Berlin, and while most people tilt their heads backwards ...


    By Yara

  • Family farms can be competitive by focusing on conservation and stewardship

    While the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) reports a 40 percent decline in U.S. cropland soil erosion rates from 1982 to 2007, recent trends appear to challenge this progress. Record prices for corn and soybeans have diverted acres out of conservation programs and encouraged intensive production on a wide scale. Tree lines are cleared and wet areas drained, turning 120-acre farms into ...


    By National Farmers Union (NFU)

  • Soil genotoxicity induced by successive applications of chlorothalonil under greenhouse conditions

    Greenhouse production of vegetables has been developed rapidly in China. High temperature and humidity inside the greenhouse make this environment more suitable for fast reproduction of fungal diseases. Fungicides are among intensively used chemicals in the greenhouse to prevent crops from the invasive infection of phytopathogen, however, little is known about accumulation of fungicides in ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Investing in people and evidence for sustainable farming

    Evaluation of farming systems, new ideas and learning with practitioners should be part of a transformed agriculture. Food security is difficult to pin down. It can be explained simply as access to enough food. But behind that simplicity lies an interconnected web of factors — from food prices to ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Enriching African soils key to boosting crop yields

    In African countries where farmers have access and can afford to buy fertiliser, there is a profound difference in agricultural yields, a feature in Nature notes. The red soil found across much of the continent is low in organic matter and key nutrients, and intensive farming in ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Nitrogen fixation of Sulla under Mediterranean conditions

    Sulla coronaria (L.) B.H. Choi & H. Ohashi (=Hedysarum coronarium L.) is a Mediterranean forage legume grown extensively in rainfed Italian environments. Here we report the field quantification of its seasonal and annual N fixation, using the 15N isotopic dilution (ID) method, the influence of various nonfixing reference species on these estimates, and the allocation of fixed N between the ...

  • Kinetic distribution of 14C-Metsulfuron-Methyl residues in paddy soils under different moisture conditions

    Rice paddy soils undergo several cycles of drying and wetting during a growing season. A laboratory study was conducted to determine the effect of soil moisture conditions on the distribution and kinetics of extractable and bound residues of 14C-metsulfuron-methyl in six Chinese paddy soils during 84 d of incubation at 15°C with moisture contents varying from 20 to 50% of the field water-holding ...

  • Motivations for organic farming among farmers from Malopolska Province, Poland

    Poor condition of Polish agriculture, clean soil environment and extensive methods of production make Poland particularly suitable for developing environmentally friendly forms of farming. In the last decade the number of people who have decided to convert from old, conventional farms to new, environmentally friendly ones, has markedly increased. The objective of this study was to find out what ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Attitudes of farmers toward sludge use in the Gaza Strip

    The local production of organic fertiliser in the Gaza Strip is 66,800 m³/year, which represents only 8.5% of the required quantities. This means that farmers have to import 728,000 m³ of organic fertiliser per year, which costs around 10.2 Mio US$. The social survey carried out for more than 300 farmers in the Gaza Strip shows that the scarcity of organic fertilisers and their high prices could ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • On-farm evaluation of winter wheat yield response to residual soil Nitrate-N in North China plain

    High soil nitrate-N accumulation has been observed in North China Plain (NCP), but it was seldom considered as a N source in N management due to the lack of data on crop response to soil nitrate-N accumulation. A total of 124 on-farm N-response experiments were conducted from 2003 to 2006 in seven key winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) production regions of NCP to evaluate wheat yield response ...

  • Are endophyte-mediated effects on herbivores conditional on soil nutrients?

    Neotyphodium endophytes are assumed to have mutualistic relationship with their grass hosts, mainly resulting from mycotoxin production increasing plant resistance to herbivores by the fungus that subsists on the plant. To study importance of often ignored environmental effects on these associations, we performed a greenhouse experiment to examine the significance of endophyte infection and ...


    By Springer

  • Fate of Chlorothalonil, Chlorpyrifos and Profenofos in a Vegetable Farm in cameron Highlands, Malaysia

    The fate of chlorothalonil, chlorpyrifos and profenofos in sandy loam soil under tropical condition was studied in a vegetable plot in the Cameron Highlands, Malaysia. The plot was treated with chlorothalonil, chlorpyrifos and profenofos according to normal agricultural practices of the Cameron Highlands. Water (runoff and lysimeter), soil and bedload sediment samples were taken according to a ...


    By Springer

  • Fate of Chlorothalonil, Chlorpyrifos and Profenofos in a Vegetable Farm in cameron Highlands, Malaysia

    The fate of chlorothalonil, chlorpyrifos and profenofos in sandy loam soil under tropical condition was studied in a vegetable plot in the Cameron Highlands, Malaysia. The plot was treated with chlorothalonil, chlorpyrifos and profenofos according to normal agricultural practices of the Cameron Highlands. Water (runoff and lysimeter), soil and bedload sediment samples were taken according to a ...


    By Springer

  • Assessing the economic benefits and costs of conservation tillage

    The economic benefits of the adoption of conservation tillage depend on site-specific factors, including soil characteristics, local climatic conditions, cropping patterns, and other attributes of the overall farming operation. While it is possible to draw some general inferences about components of economic returns and costs, a comprehensive assessment of the net private benefits from greater ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Soil and Water Benefits: Composting Reduces Fuel and Labor Costs on Family Farms

     Composting Reduces Fuel and Labor Costs on Family Farms Jeff and Pam Riesgraf — who manage a certified organic dairy and crop operation near Jordan, Minnesota — began composting manure from their dairy herd in 1993. They had two major objectives. First, they wanted to reduce weed seeds naturally present in manure. At the same time, they understood the need to protect water quality by ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Use of Fat, Oil and Grease Waste as an Agricultural Soil Conditioner

    Wastewater from the food processing and food service industries can contain large quantities of fat, oil and grease (FOG). Most North American jurisdictions have bylaws limiting the concentration of oil and grease in sewer discharges. As municipal source control efforts become more aggressive, quantities of FOG waste requiring proper treatment/disposal will increase. At the same time access to ...


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