Forest Monitoring Articles

  • Comparison of hybrid models for daily streamflow prediction in a forested basin

    Accurate forecasting of daily streamflow is essential for water resource planning and management. As a typical non-stationary time series, it is difficult to avoid the effects of noise in the hydrological data. In this study, the wavelet threshold de-noising method was applied to pre-process daily flow data from a small forested basin. The key factors influencing the de-noising results, such ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of the Random Forest model for chlorophyll-a forecasts in fresh and brackish water bodies in Japan, using multivariate long-term databases

    There is a growing world need for predicting algal blooms in lakes and reservoirs to better manage water quality. We applied the random forest model with a sliding window strategy, which is one of the machine learning algorithms, to forecast chlorophyll-a concentrations in the fresh water of the Urayama Reservoir and the saline water of Lake Shinji. Both water bodies are situated in Japan and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Differences in water balance between grassland and forest watersheds using long-term data, derived using the CoupModel

    To quantify the role of land cover during a period of climate change, the runoff response is studied for Plynlimon in Wales, UK. The main objective was two-fold: (i) to create a protocol for modeling water balance on a daily basis; and (ii) to describe the extent to which the impact of land-use changes can be identified and supported by the long-term monitoring data of runoff from two ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Climate and Economic Benefits of Agroforestry Systems

    Introduction Agriculture is well known as a significant contributor to global greenhouse gas emissions, but emerging practices in land management have the potential to curtail these emissions and reverse much of the ecological and climate harm caused by overly intensive systems. One such practice, cultivation and conservation of trees in agricultural practices, or agroforestry, is an important ...


    By Climate Institute

  • Landscape trees benefit from potassium-based superabsorbent polymer-amended backfill soil

    Weiner (1975) put it aptly when he stated that “However rewarding the act of tree planting may be, watching a young tree slowly die can be spiritually defeating.” Landscape plants, noted Richard Harris (1983) in his well-known “Arboriculture” book, “probably suffer more from moisture-related problems than from any other cause.” The success of tree planting ...

  • Biomass harvesting: how forest thinning can help prevent wildfires

    Every year, wildfires plague the nation. Once there’s an ignition source, dry foliage in country areas can quickly go up in flames, spreading through woodlands or grasslands quickly. While some wildfires can be small, others can be devastating and blaze through thousands of acres. While there’s no way to predict where wildfires may start, there are ways to minimize the damage of ...


    By Uzelac Industries, Inc

  • Technology that is making plants grow bigger and better

    This article outlines new and improved technology that is enabling growers to increase their yield and output of their crops. The technology includes carbon dioxide (CO2) monitors and controllers, soil moisture sensors, plant based sensors such as sap flow and dendrometers, and nutrient sensors such as EC and TDS sensors. All of the equipment can be automated and data sent to your smart phone or ...


    By Edaphic Scientific

  • Can superfoods boost the planet’s health, too?

    As demand for African and Asian tree-based superfoods grows, researchers and entrepreneurs eye ways to maximize benefits for the environment. It can seem like new health food fads pop up every week — fads that often fade as quickly as they appear. Two gaining steam lately, though, may be worth a longer look: baobab and moringa. Traditional fare in parts of Africa (and for moringa, ...


    By Ensia

  • Examination of a coupled supply- and demand-induced stress function for root water uptake modeling

    Vegetation water use is closely related to its biophysical functioning and is often under stress from various environmental factors. However, commonly used root water uptake models only consider the stress from root zone moisture availability. There is a need to incorporate the stress from both the above-ground factors and root zone water condition. In this study, a newly developed coupled ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The newest strategy for saving bees is really, really old

    With pollinators in decline around the world, conservationists turn to traditional farmers for answers. In northwestern India, the Himalaya Mountains rise sharply out of pine and cedar forests. The foothills of the Kullu Valley are blanketed with apple trees beginning to bloom. It’s a cool spring morning, and Lihat Ram, a farmer in Nashala village, shows me a ...


    By Ensia

  • Global deforestation is decreasing. Or is it?

    A new look at the complex picture of land use change suggests that when it comes to forests, we’re far from being out of the woods. It started, as many things do, with a rumor. In 2013 Matt Finer, a researcher with the Amazon Conservation Association, heard from locals that someone was cutting down rainforest deep in the Peruvian Amazon, far from prying eyes. So ...


    By Ensia

  • Linking in situ vegetation data to the EUNIS habitat classification: results for forest habitats

    The EUNIS habitat classification provides the context for a number of policy-related ecosystem and habitat assessments, and is a European reference to which other national or regional classifications can be cross‑referenced when sharing geospatial data. Since 1995, it has been developed and managed by the European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (ETC/BD), formerly known as the European ...

  • A study on crown interception with four dominant tree species: a direct measurement

    An experiment was conducted to concentrate on the rainfall interception process of individual trees for four common species in Beijing, China, which included needle species (Platycladus orientalis and Pinus tabulaeformis) and broadleaf species (Quercus variabilis and Acer truncatum). Two types of interception storages, the maximum ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • When planting trees does more harm than good

    Note to anyone who thinks planting trees is the bees’ knees: Grasslands are important, too. With forests disappearing at record rates and the carbon sequestration and other benefits of vegetation getting increasing visibility, tree-planting has become almost an iconic “environmentally friendly” activity. But in some cases it could do more harm than good, according to Iowa State ...


    By Ensia

  • Water-retention potential of Europe`s forests

    A European overview to support natural water-retention measures One third of European territory is covered by forests (210 million ha). Approximately 296 million European inhabitants live in — or close to — forests. European forests are also closely connected to much of the hydrological network, and serve large groundwater bodies and many river sources. Forests provide more ...

  • New study shines a light on bird loss due to illegal logging in Ghana

    The combination of legal and illegal logging in southwest Ghana’s tropical forests is having a devastating impact on bird populations in the region, according to new research published recently in the journal Biological Conservation. Between 1995 and 2010, logging in the Upper Guinea rain forest ...


    By Ensia

  • Seeing the forest and the trees, all 3 trillion of them

    A new Yale-led study estimates that there are more than 3 trillion trees on Earth, about seven and a half times more than some previous estimates. But the total number of trees has plummeted by roughly 46% since the start of human civilization, the study estimates. Using a combination of satellite imagery, forest inventories, and supercomputer technologies, the international team of researchers ...


    By GLOBE SERIES

  • Effects of different management regimes on mangrove ecosystem services in Java, Indonesia

    This new report, published by Wageningen University and Wetlands International, seeks to fill a significant gap in mangrove ecosystem service estimates. While several studies have sought to measure and value the ecosystem services provided by mangrove ecosystems in general, this new piece of research has for the first time conducted separate evaluations for zones that are characterised by ...


    By Wetlands International

  • LIVE FROM THE NCRS: Yet Another Busy Day at the NCRS

    So yesterday (Wednesday Jul 22, 2015) was another busy day to take advantage of the nice weather.  Like moving the wheat harvest operation over to Farm 7. ...

  • Observations and snow model simulations of winter energy balance terms within and between different coniferous forests in southern boreal Finland

    Variation of canopy properties between different forest types is seldom taken into account in hydrological and climate models, and consideration of variation inside a forest is normally omitted. In this work, three data sets on near surface energy balance terms (incoming shortwave and longwave radiation; air and snow–soil interface temperatures) were collected in the southern boreal coniferous ...


    By IWA Publishing

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