Livestock Data Articles

  • Effects of ivermectin application on the diversity and function of dung and soil fauna: Regulatory and scientific background information

    The application of veterinary medical products (VMPs) to livestock can impact soil organisms in manure‐amended fields or adversely affect organisms that colonize dung pats of treated animals, and potentially retard the degradation of dung on pastures. For this reason, the authorization process for VMPs in the European Union includes a requirement for higher‐tier tests when adverse effects on ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Does one of the world’s most abundant animals need protection from our appetite?

    As demand grows and habitat disappears, scientists ponder tighter controls on the Antarctic krill harvest. Barely longer than your thumb, weighing under an ounce and nearly translucent, delicate crustaceans known as krill are vital to ocean ecosystems around the world. In the waters that encircle Antarctica, krill are an essential food source for penguins, baleen and blue ...


    By Ensia

  • Identification of inter‐specific differences in phase II reactions: Determination of metabolites in the urine of 16 mammalian species exposed to environmental pyrene

    Inter‐specific differences in xenobiotic metabolism are a key to determining relative sensitivity of animals to xenobiotics. However, information in domesticated livestock, companion animals, and captive and free‐ranging wildlife is incomplete. The present study evaluated inter‐specific differences in phase‐II conjugation using pyrene (PY) as a non‐destructive biomarker of polycyclic aromatic ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Peru Agribusiness Report Q1 2014

    Our outlook for Peru's agricultural sector remains positive. The livestock sector is very dynamic, and investment into the country's ethanol sector is boosting sugar production. Export crops, such as coffee and cocoa, are hampered by a lack of infrastructure and investment, but there is scope for strong growth in both, particularly as Peru is becoming increasingly recognised for organic and ...


  • South Korea Agribusiness Report Analysis Q1 2014

    While we are sanguine towards the long-term outlook of South Korea's agricultural sector, we are concerned about the short-term restructuring of the industry due to a mismatch of domestic demand and supply of livestock. Our positive outlook towards the sector is predicated on the government's decision to gradually remove barriers to trade and move up the value chain. Indeed, the expansion of ...


  • Implementation of FDA’s new antibiotic rules

    On Wednesday, December 11, 2013, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced two coordinated actions based on its belief “that production use indications such as ‘increased rate of rate of weight gain’ or ‘improved feed efficiency’ are no longer appropriate for the approved conditions for medically important antimicrobial drugs.” First, it released ...


    By National Farmers Union

  • Coping measures not enough to avoid loss and damage from drought in the North Bank Region of The Gambia

    In 2011 the North Bank Region of The Gambia experienced its most severe drought in 20 years. This article looks at how this drought affected households in the region, the coping measures they adopted, and residual loss and damage. In this study, ‘loss and damage’ is defined as adverse effects of climatic stressors that people have not been able to avoid through coping and adaptation (from Warner ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Erosive coping after the 2011 floods in Kenya

    Periodic river floods have devastating social and economic impacts on poor households in the low-lying coastal and western regions of Kenya. This paper focuses on how households in Bunyala District coped with the impacts of flooding, and particularly the December 2011 River Nzoia flood. The data for the study was collected through a survey of 400 households, three focus group discussions, four ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • African countries must improve livestock data

    Africa still suffers from a lack of good quality data on livestock that could be used to measure and improve progress as well as inform policymaking processes, scientists have said. Good data are crucial for identifying effective public and private sector investment opportunities, and in helpling to improve the ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Economic dimensions and directions of animal disease policy

    Widely publicised incidents of transboundary animal diseases (TADs), devastating to local livestock industries, have occurred worldwide creating a greater awareness of the role of response policy selection on TAD spread risk and risk of initial introduction into previously disease free areas. In particular, drawing on past TAD outbreaks, the literature and the intrinsic characteristics of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • How innovation is flourishing at the grassroots

    SciDev.Net reporters across the developing world describe exciting initiatives aimed at supporting innovation in local communities and remote areas. From small-scale hydro-powered electricity in Malaysia to cost-saving solar pumps in Pakistan, communities across the developing world are ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Livestock markets and their role in developing the livestock sector: is there a need for livestock auction markets in Sudan?

    Livestock plays an important role in the Sudanese economy and shares almost 50% of the total agricultural exports. Although livestock trade is a prevalent and important economic activity in Sudan, still little attention is given to develop its markets and almost negligible caution is given for increasing livestock number and productivity. Livestock marketing system depends on direct sales and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Flood Event Capacity Building

    Experiences, e.g. in the years 2002, 2006 and 2011, showed the dangers and consequences Elbe-floods can cause for people, livestock and material assets. Depending on the geographical situation, the type of farm and other aspects every farmer has to concern many different things to protect his farm against flood and cope with the consequences. The Chamber of Agriculture represents the interests ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Flood event capacity building

    Experiences, e.g. in the years 2002, 2006 and 2011, showed the dangers and consequences Elbe-floods can cause for people, livestock and material assets. Depending on the geographical situation, the type of farm and other aspects every farmer has to concern many different things to protect his farm against flood and cope with the consequences. The Chamber of Agriculture represents the interests ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Raising a matter in risk assessment: IT in factory farming

    Farms increasingly use and depend on information technology. However, agriculture is not well prepared in terms of risk assessment: risk analysis and risk evaluation does not reach the standards as common in other industries and SME. The paper structures the implementation of risk assessment in factory farming and defines work areas and levels. IT is considered as an important interface between ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Metalexyl fungicide induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in mouse thymus: the effect of antox

    Metalaxyl is a benzenoid fungicide used to control soil-borne fungal diseases on fruits, cotton, soybean, peanuts, ornamental and grasses. The present work aims to evaluate the effect of oxidative stress on the induction of apoptosis in thymocytes of mice by metalaxyl. The work extends to study the possible role played by antox in minimising the toxicity of metalaxyl. Thymus of metalexyl-treated ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Fog and precipitation chemistry at a mid-land forest in central Taiwan

    We analyzed fog and bulk precipitation chemistry at a cloud forest in central Taiwan where mountain agriculture activities are highest. There were 320 foggy days (visibility <1000 m) recorded between April 2005 and March 2006. Fog was most frequent between April 2005 and July 2005 and in March 2006 (153/153 d) and least frequent in January 2006 (21/31 d). The total fog duration was 2415 h, ...

  • A Review of Enteric Outbreaks in Child Care Centers: Effective Infection Control Recommendations

    Child care environments facilitate the spread of enteric infections because of diapering, confined spaces, and children’s unhygienic habits. This study reviews documented outbreaks of enteric illness in daycare centers (DCCs) to identify infectious agents, modes of transmission, morbidity/mortality, ages, secondary cases, and practices found effective by investigators. A systematic review of the ...

  • Air emissions of ammonia and methane from livestock operations: Valuation and policy options

    The animal husbandry industry is a major emitter of ammonia (NH3), which is a precursor of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) —arguably, the number-one environment-related public health threat facing the nation. The industry is also a major emitter of methane (CH4), which is an important greenhouse gas (GHG). We present an integrated process model of the engineering economics of technologies to ...

  • Composting Livestock Mortalities

    Performance, composting methods, environmental impacts and biosecurity of the process are evaluated for emergency disposal of cattle by research team at Iowa State University. A THREE-YEAR study was commissioned by the Iowa Department of Natural Resources to evaluate the practical feasibility, performance, environmental impacts and biosecurity of using composting for emergency disposal - should a ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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