The almond tree is from the rosaceous family and comes from the Middle East. The almond is very popular due to its high contain in E vitamin and low in saturated fat. It is a tree with very similar to the peach, and it can also reach 6 meters high and 4 meters of diameter. The bigger producers are United States, Spain, Italy, Iran and Morocco.
Climate and soil requirements
It is a fruit tree of template areas and very sensitive to humidity conditions, so it is not tolerant to cold and dump climates. It has a good answer to the lack of water.
It is able to grow in all kind of soils, even in those not deep and chalky. The optimum pH is from 7.0 to 8.0 and the best soils are the loose and sandy soils. The water saturated and stagnate soils do not favour the tree; this kind of tree does not stand the root suffocation.
The plantation spacing varies according to the ecologic and edaphologic conditions, the variety and patron; kind of harvest and if the plantation is done in unrrigated or irrigated lands.
The spacing commonly used is: 7 x 5 and 6 x 4 m. In those varieties less vigorous it is possible the use spacing of 6 x 6 m or 6 x 5m.
The almond tree is normally cultivated in unirrigated lands, although the new crops are drip irrigated. The most important moment to irrigate the almond is during the filling of grains in spring. This will influence in the future production. One irrigation 15-20 days before harvest will favour the detachment.