Keywords: Jewish sub-economy, Montreal, Canada, ethnic economies, Jews, intra-ethnic business, globalisation, entrepreneurship, inertia, pre-existing networks, culture, ethnic enclaves
A sub-economy in Montreal
This paper explores the size and socio-demographic characteristics of a Jewish sub-economy found in Montreal in the late 1970s and 1980s, along with other features of Jewish economic activity in Canadian cities. It is found that there is a much higher than expected degree of intra-group economic activity found linking Jewish entrepreneurs, employers, workers, suppliers, and customers. This activity can not readily be explained by factors like recent immigration, socio-economic gains, religiosity, or fear of discrimination. It is suggested that factors like inertia, pre-existing networks, and cultural preferences may play a role.