BioKW (A) Agricultural Plant - Case Study
Courtesy of AAT Abwasser- und Abfalltechnik GmbH
Digester: 2 x 1.380 m³/h,
2 x 500 kWel;
1 x 1.000 kWth
Manure, fruit- and vegetable waste, energy crops, fat sludge, slaughter house waste, food leftovers
Scope of delivery: permission planning, detailed planing, tendering, project awarding, project management supervision, mixing technology, gas handling equipment, instrumentation
RMDF Case Study - Compost Mulch a Plum Choice
ReMaDe Kent and Medway is managing a series of WRAP (the Waste & Resources Action Programme) funded trials on top fruit and other horticultural crops in Kent, the ‘Garden of England’, in order to develop the market for compost as a soil improver, and in this trial, as a mulch for young fruit trees. Twelve farms are taking part in the trials growing a wide range of crops, including strawberries, Victoria plums, cherries, Cox and Braeburn apples, blackcurrants and hops. The early establishment of the...
Using a Choice Experiment to Estimate Farmers’ Valuation of Agrobiodiversity on Hungarian Small ...
Agrobiodiversity is a crucial environmental resource. Much of the agrobiodiversity remaining in situ today is found on the semi-subsistence farms of poorer countries and the small-scale farms or home gardens of more industrialised nations. The traditional farms of Hungary are an example. Labelled “home gardens” as a reflection of their institutional identity during the collectivisation period, they are micro-agroecosystems that provide important functions such as food security and diet quality. This paper applies...
Elemental composition of Jamaican foods 1: A survey of five food crop categories
The concentrations of 27 elements in Jamaican food categories consisting of fruit, legumes, leafy and root vegetables and other root crops are reported. The main analytical techniques used were neutron activation analysis and flame and graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The results are compared, where possible, with values from Denmark, the United Kingdom, the United States and Nigeria, and with some regulatory limits. Over 75% of the results for antimony, arsenic, barium, cerium, thorium and...
An SRTM-based procedure to delineate SOTER terrain units on 1:1 and 1:5 million scales
Soil data of various scales is needed to well manage our agricultural and environmental resources. On the European level soil information is used for crop monitoring, yield forecasting, agricultural planning, feasibility studies for rural development, natural hazards forecasting, such as floods and landslides or slowly acting processes such as erosion, acidification and other types of chemical, biological and physical degradation of soils. No appropriate scale soil database for the European Union had existed...
The Environmental Impacts of Irrigation in the European Union
1.Agriculture is a significant user of water resources in Europe, accounting for around 30 per cent of total water use. The scale and importance of irrigation is significantly greater in the southern Member States but far from negligible in most northern Member States. In the south, irrigation accounts for over 60 per cent of water use in most countries, while in northern Member States it varies from almost zero in a few countries to over 30 per cent in others. In terms of the area irrigated and the amount of...
Low-cost composting of fruit processing wastes in Hungary
Aim of the project The research described in this paper was undertaken in order to assess the economic and environmental viability of composting fruit juice wastes from the RAUCH Hungaria Kft. fruit processing plant in Budapest, Hungary. Hungary is a rapidly emerging economy in middle Europe, currently with a 4.6% growth rate according to the Hungarian Central Statistical Office (KSH, 1999). The country is amongst the 6 `fast-track` nations set to enter the European Union, and may do so as soon as 2005 (Walker,...
Evaluating Microbiology of Compost
The fact that not all compost is created equal has both producers and growers looking for ways to successfully evaluate compost quality. Traditional compost analysis has focused on NPK and micronutrient concentrations in an effort to mirror fertilizer analysis. Compost, however, is much more complex than fertilizer and its most significant value to the grower may be far more than its mineral contribution to the soil. Compost has an important microbiological component that impacts how it will perform as a soil...
Executive Order and Proposed Bill Will Boost Biobased Products and Bioenergy
Developments in the world of biobased products and bioenergy have flourished in recent years, as reported by sources such as The Carbohydrate Economy newsletter, the USDA’s Agricultural Research Service, the New Uses Council, and In Business magazine, among others. But while each new use for crop residues or another cellulosic ethanol project brings encouragement to sustainability proponents, the biomass and biofuels arena remains small and fragmented compared to the status quo of virgin materials and petroleum-bas...
Composters Build Strong Links to California Farms
The rapidly increasing amounts of compost applied to California farms can be traced to numerous factors — better crops, fewer disease problems, greater emphasis on product quality, mandated state recycling goals, savings in disposal costs and savings in chemical inputs. And then there’s the factor of friendship, longtime personal relationships that build trust between composters and farm managers. All these reasons surfaced in a series of interviews with individuals in charge of organics recycling and farming...
Regional Analysis of use Patterns of Plant Protection Products in Six EU Countries
Abstract This study followed a review conducted by LEI-DLO in Phase 1 of the project on possibilities for future EU environmental policy on plant protection products (PES-A). In their review LEO-DLO suggested three avenues for investigation: Areas of more than moderate use of plant protection products: Germany - Nordrhein Westfallen, Rheinland Pfalz, Berlin France - Champagne-Ardennes, Alsace, Haute Normandie, Centre, Provence-Alpes-Cote d’Azur, Ile de France, Picardie, Nord-Pas de Calais, Languedoc-Rouissil...
Composting Food Residuals on Campus
Two professors at the University of Wisconsin-River Falls (UW-RF) have used their knowledge of organics recycling projects to implement a food residuals composting program on campus. “It just makes sense in the long run to divert these materials now and lay the groundwork for the future,” says Bob Butler of the Agricultural Engineering Department, who is working closely with Jerry Nolte, an Agricultural Economics professor. “This is useful material, which we think can be composted successfully in an economical...
Meat Processing and Rendering Industry - Pollution Prevention Guidelines
Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum emissions levels that are normally achievable through a combination of cleaner production and end-of-pipe treatment. The guidelines are designed to...