Keywords: community viability, socio-economic well-being, sustainable development, reindeer herding, food security, cultural encounters, northernmost Europe, Sami, Finns, Finland, sustainability, social change, community stresses, economic performance, human security, quality of life, education, health, transnational relations
Community viability and well-being in northernmost Europe: social change and cultural encounters, sustainable development and food security in Finland's North
Northernmost Europe is characterised by diversity. Relations between indigenous (minority) and immigrant(majority) populations concern territorial claims, resource utilisation and human rights. Indigenous Sami feel encapsulated in centralised states. Norwegians, Swedes, Finns and Russians, historic immigrants, represent these states. The collapse of the Soviet Union effected cross-border relations. New structures have emerged stressing community viability. Developments have progressed in economic performance, human security, quality of life, education and health focusing of local activities such as reindeer herding. These conditions have an impact on transnational relations and community viability.