Keywords: incremental innovation, economic growth, entrepreneurship, competitiveness, sustainable development, sustainability, technopreneurship, knowledge management, competencies, North Africa, innovation management, technology management, small and medium-sized enterprises, SMEs, technological development
Enhancing innovation for sustainable growth and competitiveness in North African countries
Sustainable growth and technological development are achievable. This is possible when there is good governance striving for a vibrant entrepreneurship, with innovation at its very centre. In this regard, North African countries' records are strikingly lagging. Progress has been made, but remains far from expectations and potentialities. As globalisation has now pushed innovation to the top of the development agenda, new policies and strategies are needed. Successful integration into the world business requires innovation-based growth using all qualified people and initiatives. In these countries, competencies and creative forces do exist, but their effective utilisation requires greatest attention. As little is written about the issue, this paper aims at discussing obstacles of innovation in the countries in question and proposes some feasible solutions. The paper will draw from published and unpublished work and make reference of some factual records. Policy implications will be identified and specific actions will be proposed.