Inderscience Publishers

Evaluation of several scenarios for mixing drainage water with fresh for El Salam Canal at shortage supply of Nile water

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El Salam Canal project aims increasing the Egyptian agricultural productivity through agricultural development by irrigating about 260,400 hectare gross of new lands. In order to stretch the limited water supply to cover these new reclaimed areas, fresh water of River Nile is augmented with agriculture drainage water from Hadous and Lower Serw drains. The current proposed mixing ratio is 1:1 of drainage and freshwater, and this ratio makes a quantity of water of about 4.50 milliard m
3
/year. Five mixing scenarios are discussed and evaluated for calculating the most suitable quantity of freshwater for mixing with drainage water with a salinity of 950 mg/l and was to be 1,750 million m
3
/year.

Keywords: El Salam Canal, mixing drainage water with fresh water, water resources management, Egypt

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