Keywords: research, collaboration, innovation, conventions, types of knowledge
Geo-cultural influences and critical factors in inter-firm collaboration
Inter-firm collaboration and other forms of inter-organisational activity are increasingly the means by which technological innovation occurs. This paper draws on evidence from two studies of the same set of firms to examine the conduct of collaborations over time across different contexts. The purpose is to examine the critical factors associated with successful collaboration and explore the importance of the geo-cultural context in understanding the conduct of inter-firm collaboration. The conceptual framework draws on two main sources – Storper's concept of "conventions" of identity and participation and Lorenz's classification of different types of knowledge. These are used to indicate the kinds and sources of adjustments required for successful collaboration.