agri-measurement Instrument Articles

  • Impact of Agri-environment measures

    The application of agri-environment contracts concerning 1 farmer in every 7 and delivering environmental services over 20% of European farmland, marks a very significant step towards sustainability. The target set in the 5th Environmental Action Programme of 15% coverage by 2000 has thus already been exceeded. The requirement on Member States to apply the regulation throughout their territories ...

  • Performance of FT-NIR instrument for Brix value measurement of intact pear fruit

    The performance of a Fourier Transform-Near Infrared (FT-NIR) Instrument for fruit quality evaluation was investigated using pear fruits. Partial Least Squares (PLS) regression was carried out describing relationships between the data sets of laboratory data and the FT-NIR spectra. Besides cross and test set validation, the established models were subjected to a further evaluation step by means ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Policy instruments in support of organic farming in Austria

    This paper explores the connection between agricultural policy measures and the development of organic farming in Austria from 1991 onwards. First, past policy measures are reviewed. Then, various new policy strategies for the further development of the organic sector in Austria are elaborated and their potential impact discussed. The analysis suggests that the current direct policy measures ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A dynamic analysis of nonpoint pollution control instruments in agriculture

    Nonpoint pollution from agriculture is an emerging issue in the environmental policy of the European Union. Dynamic optimisation techniques are important in nonpoint pollution, and neglect of dynamic aspects may seriously mislead the proper design of policy measures. This paper presents an empirical assessment of nitrogen pollution abatement in the Ebro basin of northeastern Spain. The aim is to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Measurement of Leaf/Canopy Level Reflectance with The UniSpec-SC

    The UniSpec-SC, commonly referred to as a “Reflectometer”, is a single channel, field portable instrument designed for measurement of leaf/canopy reflectance. It features an innovative user interface with integral computer and large, full color LCD, built-in light source and extensive range of accessories for measurement on individual leaves (including needles) and vegetation. It is a ...


    By PP Systems

  • Measurement of photosynthetic performance in crop plants under South African climatic conditions

    A key objective of the research conducted by Dr Riekert van Heerden (riekert.vanheerden@nwu.ac.za) at North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa and Drs Kobie de Ronde (and team members) and Joseph Asiwe at the Agricultural Research Council (ARC–Vegetable and Ornamental Plant Institute & ARC–Grain Crop Institute) is to increase the production of crops important for the ...


    By PP Systems

  • Projected leaf area and flow rate - options and observed effects on gas exchange measurements with CIRAS-2

    From a practical and theoretical standpoint, the objective in using gas exchange technology is to capture representative plant/soil physiological data, holding instrument error to a minimum. A basic goal in this is to ensure that sampling reflects real responses to natural or imposed environmental variability (treatments). Whether from an observational or experimental approach, the physiological ...


    By PP Systems

  • Simple Quantitative Measurement of Nannochloropsis Micro Algae in Water Using Shimadzu UV Micro Algae Analysis System

    Global warming due to the burning of fossil fuels is now widely recognized as a problem, and among the alternatives to fossil fuels, the extraction of fuel from micro algae has been actively investigated in recent years. While the yield per unit area of micro algae is high, and harvesting is possible year round, these advantages are offset by many challenges in the development process that ...

  • Agriculture minimum temperature

     Agriculture minimum temperature Prediction of minimum temperature and frost damage is a common method and important application in the field of agriculture like outdoors crop growth. In particular those areas where vegetation can be exposed to low temperatures, frost can be disastrous for young vegetation or fruits.When the ...

  • Assessing potential of water rights and energy pricing in making groundwater use for irrigation sustainable in India

    Groundwater emerged as a major source of irrigation in India during the mid-1970s. However, a large expansion in well irrigation due to a massive rural electrification programme, government policies of promoting private tube well construction and large subsidies on electricity for agricultural use resulted in groundwater over-abstraction in many semi-arid and arid regions of India. In addition, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Tensiometers—Theory, Construction, and Use

    Standard tensiometers are used to measure matric potential as low as -870 cm of water in the unsaturated zone by creating a saturated hydraulic link between the soil water and a pressure sensor. The direction and, in some cases, quantity of water flux can be determined using multiple installations.A variety of commercial and fabricated tensiometers are commonly used. Saturated porous ceramic ...


    By ASTM International

  • Agriculture and economics in the Water Framework Directive: progress and limitations

    Agriculture is having an increasing impact on water resources in Spain, both from a quantitative (consumption) and qualitative (pollution) perspective. Therefore, the implementation of the Water Framework Directive (WFD) will have a great impact on this sector. In fact, new river management plans aim to reduce these pressures through the implementation of programmes of measures. These instruments ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • 10 messages for 2010 - agricultural ecosystems

    Introduction: biodiversity, agriculture and the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) Europe"s agricultural sector has received sustained public support under the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) over the last 50 years. This support has evolved alongside growing recognition and awareness of the strong links between agricultural production and biological diversity ...

  • Monitoring DMA level case study

    ABIC, a leading provider of veterinary products chooses MonoScan to monitor the level of DMA (Dimethylamine) tank in one of its plants located in Israel. ABIC, wholly owned by Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd, is Israel's largest veterinary products manufacturer. The company produces a wide range of vaccines for poultry and livestock and other animals. ABIC's plants are equipped with ...

  • ITAS - Norway

    The Norwegian company ITAS (Instrumentation Services A/S), started as part of the Research Council of Norway in 1970, is located at the Agricultural University at Aas (south of Oslo). Since 1991, ITAS has been operating as an independent company specializing in field measurements as well as providing for communications, data retrieval and web service. ITAS has deep roots in the academic world but ...

  • Aquaculture and sustainable development: a regulatory or governance system?

    Governance is defined as a process allowing actors to contextualise the regulatory system and, as a result, to transform sustainable development (SD) into an instrument of action. It will be all the easier for actors to familiarise themselves with SD and its implementation measures if these measures are similar to their representation on SD and its consequences on their activity and social life. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Separating the wheat from the chaff: Regulating greenhouse gases in a climate of uncertainty

    This article discusses the difficulty of regulating greenhouse gas emissions in the face of uncertainty, particularly with respect to the level of reductions needed in the post-2012 era to avoid dangerous climate change. There are also a number of regulatory options available, including carbon taxes, emissions trading, regulations and standards, and fiscal measures. Yet emissions trading has ...

  • Online monitoring of algae concentration with ALGcontrol - Case Study

    Online monitoring of algae concentration with ALGcontrol The presence of algae in surface waters is a potential threat to the quality and ecology of the water system. The control and monitoring of the algae concentrations are therefore of high importance. Due to green algae problems in the water reservoir of a drinking water treatment plant, the ALGcontrol was installed to continuously monitor ...

  • Shree cement plant optimization Beawar Rajasthan - Case Study

    GTZ (German Technical Cooperation) has funded a programme by which cutting edge technology shall be deployed to optimize high energy consuming processes. The programme is a joint undertaking together with the bureau of energy efficiency of the government of India. GTZ chose PROMECON as project partner for instrumentation and application support due to the experience and track record for ...

  • TDS and EC meters for hydroponics explained

    As technology advances, questions inevitably follow. Due to the rapid growth of the hydroponics and indoor gardening industry, it is important for growers to be familiar with the technology, in this case instrumentation. There is a myriad of nutrients and fertilizers available to help you cultivate the best possible plant yields, but what is consistent among all of them is they need to be ...


    By HM Digital, Inc.

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