agricultural commodity Articles

  • Determination of trade-off-functions to analyse the provision of agricultural non-commodities

    Multi-functionality of agriculture has become a crucial issue in WTO negotiations on agriculture trade. The theoretical classification of agricultural products into Commodity (CO) and Non-Commodity Outputs (NCO) by the OECD provided a framework for further analysis. The operationalisation of the concept of multi-functionality of agriculture requires detailed analyses of the nature of jointness ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Complexity of agricultural commodity cycle: a chaotic time series analysis

    Most empirical investigations of agricultural markets have been conducted using linear models. Therefore, nonlinear dynamic patterns of the market cannot be predicted based on these models under any circumstances. Consequently, little is known about the role of nonlinear dynamics and the whether we can predict the market both for short- and long-term in agriculture. We utilise the real world data ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • So what is the role of commodity programs? Can they even be justified?

    No matter what our area of daily activity, it is natural and even necessary that we myopically focus on the problems and issues of the day. But it is also important to step back once in a while to consider how the situations of today fit into a longer-term context. Along that line, we are in the midst of a series of columns that goes beyond the agricultural issues and policy motivations of today, ...


    By National Farmers Union

  • Sustainable agriculture and sustainability of Indian agriculture in the context of globalisation

    There is a growing realisation of the importance of sustainable agriculture across the globe. This awareness has become the main focus of global debate as a result of degradation of natural resources and environment. There is a growing demand for eco-friendly agricultural commodities in the international market. Here an attempt is made to examine the context and meaning of the term ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Good Agricultural Practice in the United States: Conservation and Climate

    Keywords: Good agricultural practice, conservation compliance, conservation incentives, land retirement, working land, sustainable agriculture, US agricultural policy, climate change and agriculture Abstract: Agriculture depends on the environment for production of food and fibre, yet agricultural activities may emit harmful pollutants. US law and policy encourage ...


  • Agricultural Residuals Drive Producer-Owned Energy

    Farmer-owned renewable energy enterprises are increasing rapidly — with alternative fuels such as biodiesel, ethanol and distiller’s grains becoming mainstream. MINNESOTA is home to 16 ethanol plants generating approximately 550 million gallons per year. Most of these new facilities are producer-owned. Many others are under construction or are in the planning process. In 2005, Minnesota farmers ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Mexican agricultural exports: effect on trade flows and prices in the USA under NAFTA

    The objectives of this study are to determine the factors that affect trade flows of selected vegetables from Mexico to the USA and to evaluate the impacts of Mexican agricultural exports on the US domestic price of these commodities. Major factors affecting trade flows of these commodities from Mexico to the USA include the exchange rate, differences in market size, domestic supply and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Including non-trade concerns: the environment in EU and US agricultural policy

    The challenge for any trade agreement is to be adaptable enough to enable countries to address legitimate non-trade concerns (NTC) while being restrictive enough to limit harm to other countries and to assist the creation of free international markets. In this paper, we focus on how environmental NTC have been addressed in agricultural policy in the USA and the European Union (EU) and the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Food and water insecurity: re-assessing the value of rainfed agriculture

    ABSTRACTRainfed agriculture has potential to produce needed cereals for the growing populations of West and Central Asia even though rainfed agriculture is perceived as risky. The value of rainfed agriculture to produce competitively should be re-assessed. This requires the concerted efforts of farmers, researchers, and policy makers to work on the technical factors that determine agricultural ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Watering Scarcity: Private investment opportunities in agricultural water use efficiency

    This report was prepared by Rabobank in collaboration with the World Resources Institute. In many regions around the world, demand for fresh water now outstrips renewable supplies. Water scarcity is projected to worsen considerably due to a combination of factors such as population increase, higher incomes and changing lifestyles, pollution, and climate change. Agriculture is by far the biggest ...

  • Managing GHG emissions from agriculture: a unique but solvable challenge

    Thousands of companies have developed greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories in recent years as a crucial first step towards measuring and ultimately reducing their emissions. Agricultural emissions are a large part of many of those inventories: farming is currently responsible for between 10 and 12 percent of global GHG ...

  • How a new way of thinking about soil sparked a national movement in agriculture

    For three weeks every month, Ray Archuleta captivates audiences with a few handfuls of soil. He begins with two clumps, dropping them into water. The soil from a farm where the soil isn’t tilled holds together, while the tilled soil immediately disperses, indicating poor soil structure. Next, volunteers from the audience — mostly farmers and ranchers — pour water over a soil ...


    By Ensia

  • A decade of debate over non-trade concerns and agricultural trade liberalisation: convergences, remaining conflicts and a way forward

    The debate over non-trade concerns (NTC) and trade liberalisation for the past decade is reviewed and convergences and remaining conflicts are identified. It is found that, while the legitimacy of multifunctionality is no longer controversial and there is a convergence of the views on the best policy instrument for addressing NTC, divergent positions regarding the treatment of NTC in market ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Environmental impact of panela food-processing industry: sustainable agriculture and local agri-food production systems

    Environmental valuation "multi-stakeholder" processes, as advocated by ecological economics, often have a strong local character. Critical Natural Capital cannot be defined without referring to a given geographical scale, very often local in terms of the definition of the environmental resource at stake and the relevant stakeholders involved in the evaluation and decision process. In this ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Regional economic integration and trade: an empirical evaluation of NAFTA and EU

    Generally, trade flows of commodities are determined on the basis of the principle of comparative advantage in a free trade system. The objectives of this study are to evaluate factors affecting the export flows and to provide a comprehensive analysis of the effects of trade enhancing and resisting factors used by exporting countries on world trade. The gravity model has been used to evaluate ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Implementing multifunctionality

    Reductions of trade barriers and re-instrumentation of policy has led to a situation where nations believe that their pursuit of amenities tied to agriculture, multifunctionality, is jeopardised. Conflicting views of multifunctionality creates difficulties in trade talks. This paper examines the implementation of a policy designed around multifunctionality and integrating it into trade rules. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Review of studies on the establishment and management of policies for multifunctionality

    This paper presents a review of the topics in existing research on the establishment and management of public policies for multifunctional purposes. The review is a complete survey of studies carried out in five countries: Finland, Germany, Ireland, Latvia and UK. The viewpoints adopted in developing countries were also surveyed. The concepts, adaptation and implementation of MFA as well as the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Healthy, Fair and Profitable: A Win-Win Pesticide Policy

    A new report released by the Pacific Institute and the California Green Scissors project makes the case for changing the way pesticides are regulated in California. According to the report, if California significantly increased its funding for sustainable agriculture -- instead of just spending money to regulate pesticide usage -- we could aid California farmers, improve the public health and ...


    By Pacific Institute

  • New methodical way for sustainable farming systems using treated sewage water in irrigation in Jordan

    Most scientific approaches in research are done under objectified, controlled conditions. Such experiments do not reflect the everyday reality of farmers. Moreover, experimental research in agriculture does not always reflect the interests of Jordanian farmers. Another type of research is therefore needed. We need research that integrates Gamma and Beta sciences, farmers and scientists and the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Infant malnutrition and chronic aflatoxicosis in Southern Africa: is there a link?

    Malnutrition accounts for more than 5 million deaths of under-5s in the developing world annually. There is mounting evidence implicating aflatoxin contamination as an important factor in infant under-nutrition. Aflatoxins have in the past been associated with the development of primary liver cancer. More recent studies link chronic aflatoxicosis to infant growth stunting and increased morbidity ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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