agricultural drought Articles

  • Spatiotemporal characteristics of extreme precipitation at multiple timescales over Northeast China during 1961–2014

    Few studies of extreme precipitation have been conducted in Northeast China, particularly at multi-timescales. We aim to enhance the understanding of changes and variability in extreme precipitation over the past 54 years (1961–2014) in this region. We have investigated the potential relationship among extreme precipitation, climate and agricultural drought focusing on several timescales in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • SUM-Africa: Scaling up micro-insurance services in Mali and Uganda - Case Study

    The SUM-Africa project provides low-cost satellite based drought insurance services to smallholder farmers in Mali and Uganda. By teaming up with Planet Guarantee in Mali and Agriculture Reinsurance Consultants in Uganda we aim to use satellite technology to improve food security and financial inclusion in developing countries. ...

  • Human Strategies for Coping with El Niño Related Drought in Amazônia

    Abstract  This article reports on findings of a research project examining farmers' coping strategies in the Brazilian Amazon in response to El Niño related weather events. We examine the extent of vulnerability of small and large farmers to these events in a tropical rainforest environment. Little attention has been given to the impact of ENSO events in Amazônia, despite evidence for ...


    By Springer

  • Irrigation planning for sustainable rain-fed agriculture in the drought-prone Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh, India

    The recent spells of recurrent and consecutive droughts in the Bundelkhand region in Central India have led to uncertain rain-fed agriculture and its sustainability. Adequate knowledge of starting dates and lengths of dry spells has a considerable importance in rain-fed agriculture, irrigation planning, and various decision-making processes. The long dry spells incur heavy costs to the affected ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Measuring drought based on a CGE model with multi-regional irrigation water

    There have been many droughts in China that have caused severe losses. Previous studies evaluating droughts were from meteorological and hydrological perspectives. We measure the Chinese drought of 2000 based on a static computable general equilibrium model of China's macroeconomy, which describes the relationships between drought, agricultural production, and rural households' welfare from an ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Long-term increase in climatic dryness in the East-Mediterranean as evidenced for the island of Samos

    The Eastern Mediterranean region is among the regions which were predicted to become drier under IPCC climate scenarios. Here, we document a gradual reduction of rainfall and tree growth and the loss of rural springs during the last decades of the twentieth century. Years with severe drought are associated with very low tree growth (dendrochronology) and dry falling of springs as evidenced by ...


    By Springer

  • Precipitation in west and northwestern Iran associated to PDO and ENSO signals and relevance to drought

    The temporal relationship between El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO), the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) and precipitation in the west and northwestern regions of Iran is explored through the use of multichannel singular spectrum analysis (MSSA), using monthly and seasonal precipitation data (in the form of Standard Precipitation Index, SPI), and the bivariate ENSO time series ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Almond Grower Slashes Water Usage

    The American south-west and central plains could be on course for super-droughts the like of which they have not witnessed in over a 1,000 years. Places like California are already facing very dry conditions, but these are quite gentle compared with some periods in the 12th and 13th Centuries. The drought in California has reached dire proportions, landing agriculture directly in the ...


    By WiseConn Engineering

  • Drought aspects – fostering resilience through insurance

    Droughts are silent killers, with the potential to cause enormous losses to society as a whole and to the insurance industry. Many loss-bringers are unseen, and the result of secondary events. This makes it difficult to assess the losses involved. Insurance against drought is particularly important in the agricultural sector, but in practice only feasible with governmental involvement. Some ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Loss and damage from the double blow of flood and drought in Mozambique

    Loss and damage associated with the adverse effects of climate variability and climate change is currently an important topic being discussed under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. This study investigated loss and damage from floods and droughts among rural households living near the Limpopo, Zambezi and Save rivers in Mozambique. We used a questionnaire survey ( n = ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Legislating for Sustainable Basin Management: The Story of Australia`s Water Act 2007

    The paper covers the history and current reform process in Australia’s Murray-Darling Basin that aims to rebalance water use from one dominated by irrigation for agriculture, where the environment bears most of the risk during a drought, to one in which the risk of drought is shared more equitably between irrigators and ecosystems. The reform was controversial, as it acquired private water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Turning abandoned rice fields into mangroves

    What do you do when mangroves fail to naturally recolonise abandoned rice fields in one of the most precious mangrove deltas of the world? Pieter van Eijk reports on a recent mission to Western Africa that paves the way for large-scale mangrove recovery through a so-called ‘ecological restoration’ approach. ...


    By Wetlands International

  • How can we create jobs, reduce food prices and boost economies?

    The fate of heads of state across the globe is tied in large part to their ability to ensure employment, economic growth, and access to cheap food and clean water. Rising food prices have helped topple dictators across the Middle East. Europe, the United States, Japan and other major economies are spending trillions of dollars to restore growth and jobs. Too often, efforts to address ...

  • Satellite based drought monitoring and crop yield forecasting in the Sahel region - Case Study

    The Sahelian zone of West Africa is 400 to 800 km high and more than 4000 km wide. It is one of the very large semi-arid zones of the world, and rainfall is both scarce add highly irregular. To mitigate the effects of drought in the Sahel, flexible response polities and mechanisms are required for different production systems, protection measures, and decision making. Unfortunately, quantitative, ...

  • Paving the way for tech transfer

    A new UN body to advise nations on climate tech may break the deadlock in the long-running debate on transferring technology finds Joanna Carpenter. Rich nations have the technological know-how needed for poor nations to develop — but how do you deliver it without compromising the ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Managing agricultural biotechnology for sustainable development: the case of semi-arid India

    Managing agricultural biotechnology for sustainable development demands more than research and intellectual property rights policies. Economic and regulatory institutions conducive to application of intrinsically sustainable technologies are also required. From an interdisciplinary development research perspective, it is argued that sustainability of Indian agriculture and food crop production ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Learning from past civilizations

    To understand our current environmental dilemma, it helps to look at earlier civilizations that also got into environmental trouble. Our early twenty-first century civilization is not the first to face the prospect of environmentally induced economic decline. The question is how we will respond. As Jared Diamond points out in his book Collapse, some of the early societies that were in ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Can genetic engineering help quench crops’ thirst?

    Researchers around the world are exploring how GMO technology might boost food production under hot, dry conditions. Roger Deal is trying to figure out how plants remember drought. An assistant professor of biochemistry and genetics at Emory University, Deal says most plants have a kind of memory for stress. When experiencing water shortage, for example, plants close ...


    By Ensia

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