agricultural grassland Articles

  • The European Grassland Butterfly Indicator: 1990–2011

    This report presents the European Grassland Butterfly Indicator, based on national Butterfly Monitoring Schemes (BMS) in 19 countries across Europe, most of them in the European Union. The indicator shows that since 1990 till 2011 butterfly populations have declined by almost 50 %, indicating a dramatic loss of grassland biodiversity. This also means the situation has not improved since the ...

  • Nitrate leaching and nitrous oxide flux in urban forests and grasslands

    Urban landscapes contain a mix of land-use types with different patterns of nitrogen (N) cycling and export. We measured nitrate (NO3–) leaching and soil:atmosphere nitrous oxide (N2O) flux in four urban grassland and eight forested long-term study plots in the Baltimore, Maryland metropolitan area. We evaluated ancillary controls on these fluxes by measuring soil temperature, moisture, and ...

  • Nitrate leaching and nitrous oxide flux in urban forests and grasslands

    Received for publication December 16, 2008. Urban landscapes contain a mix of land-use types with different patterns of nitrogen (N) cycling and export. We measured nitrate (NO3–) leaching and soil:atmosphere nitrous oxide (N2O) flux in four urban grassland and eight forested long-term study plots in the Baltimore, Maryland metropolitan area. We evaluated ancillary controls on these fluxes by ...

  • When planting trees does more harm than good

    Note to anyone who thinks planting trees is the bees’ knees: Grasslands are important, too. With forests disappearing at record rates and the carbon sequestration and other benefits of vegetation getting increasing visibility, tree-planting has become almost an iconic “environmentally friendly” activity. But in some cases it could do more harm than good, according to Iowa State ...


    By Ensia

  • Focal bird species and risk assessment approach for non‐agricultural grassland scenarios in Central Europe

    The European Food Safety Authority guideline on risk assessment identifies pesticide exposure scenarios for non‐target wildlife, however this scheme is not applicable to non‐agricultural grassland. For example, different habitats and human utilisation on golf courses attract bird communities that differ from those found in agricultural fields with annual crop cycles. The present study ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • North American agriculture: its contribution to the green house effect

    This paper assesses the effect of agricultural systems and changing input use in North American agriculture on CO2 emissions. These emissions are linked to the greenhouse effect. In the early part of the 20th century, there was a significant increase in CO2 emissions as a large amount of land was diverted from its grassland state into cultivated cropland. CO2 emissions from North American ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Woodland Burial Sites

    The Funeralcare Co-operative Plan Bee Wildflower Meadow Creation As part of the ambitious Plan Bee project (which aims to save the plight of honey bees and pollinators across the UK), the Funeralcare Co-operative Woodland Burial Sites have been awarded funding to create bee friendly wildflower corridors. BritishFlora are managing the habitat ...


    By BritishFlora

  • Disaster management plan agriculture

    The municipality Amt Neuhaus spreads out on the right bank of river Elbe. The region is characterized by agriculture, especially grassland farming in conjunction with animal husbandry. The area is low-lying and has a potential flood risk. The floods in 2002, 2006 and 2011 endangered the stability of dykes and therefore the security of people, livestock and material assets. In 2002 the situation ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Soil water recharge for grassed and forested land covers on the Oak Ridges Moraine, southern Ontario, Canada

    Soil water recharge (R) below 1 m depth was estimated via a 1-d water balance for grasslands, hardwood stands and red pine plantations on the Oak Ridges Moraine (ORM) in southern Ontario, Canada. Annual R values (431–696 mm) were in the order of previous estimates for outcropping sands and gravels on the ORM (∼400 mm); however, they only partially supported hypothesized ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Playing hide and seek below the soil

    Below the soil of a diverse grassland area you’ll find a jungle of plant roots. It is also home to a wide variety of bacteria and fungi, of which some are pathogenic and looking for a host in the tangle of roots. It appears that this is much more difficult when there is a larger diversity of plants as the host plant is more able to hide among the varied crowd. Greater plant diversity ...

  • Dissolved organic Nitrogen: an overlooked pathway of Nitrogen loss from agricultural systems?

    Received for publication June 18, 2008. Conventional wisdom postulates that leaching losses of N from agriculture systems are dominated by NO3–. Although the export of dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) into the groundwater has been recognized for more than 100 yr, it is often ignored when total N budgets are constructed. Leaching of DON into stream and drinking water reservoirs leads to ...

  • Transformation of Borana from nomadic pastoralists to agropastoralists and shift of livestock from cattle to include more goats, camels and sheep in Southern Ethiopia

    Traditionally, Borana in Southern Ethiopia raised cattle for meat, milk, blood, leather, dung and cash and depended on nomadic and transhumant pastoralism for their livelihood and lifestyle. The government policy today is to sedentarise the pastoralists and convert the pastureland into cropland. Kebeles (pastoralist associations) have been established and these bodies have usurped much of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Learning from past civilizations

    To understand our current environmental dilemma, it helps to look at earlier civilizations that also got into environmental trouble. Our early twenty-first century civilization is not the first to face the prospect of environmentally induced economic decline. The question is how we will respond. As Jared Diamond points out in his book Collapse, some of the early societies that were in ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • SUM-Africa: Scaling up micro-insurance services in Mali and Uganda - Case Study

    The SUM-Africa project provides low-cost satellite based drought insurance services to smallholder farmers in Mali and Uganda. By teaming up with Planet Guarantee in Mali and Agriculture Reinsurance Consultants in Uganda we aim to use satellite technology to improve food security and financial inclusion in developing countries. ...

  • Likely impacts of biofuel expansion on Midwest land and water resources

    US ethanol production should exceed 12 billion gallons by 2010, and EISA 2007 mandates 36 billion gallons by 2022, diverting one-third of corn to ethanol and 13% of soybean production to biodiesel. Increased demand will ricochet through other agricultural sectors and alter production patterns and land use in the Corn Belt. This paper discusses effects of biofuel expansion on land and water ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Flood risk for farmer and dyke relocation

    The Biosphere Reserve Lower Saxonian Elbe Valley (Biosphärenreservat Niedersächsische Elbtalaue), which was created on the basis of an unanimous decision by the Lower Saxonian State Parliament in 2002, represents Lower Saxony’s contribution to the UNESCO Biosphere Reserve ‘Flusslandschaft Elbe’ (Elbe River Landscape). It stretches for about 100 kilometres south-east of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • When population growth and resource availability collide

    As land and water become scarce, competition for these vital resources intensifies within societies, particularly between the wealthy and those who are poor and dispossessed. The shrinkage of life-supporting resources per person that comes with population growth is threatening to drop the living standards of millions of people below the survival level, leading to potentially unmanageable social ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Cropland management techniques for carbon storage

    The Kyoto protocol of 1997 recognises cropland management as a carbon sequestration strategy which may help to mitigate climate change. Under the protocol, ratified by the EU in 2002, member states are obliged to reduce the sum of their emissions of greenhouse gases to 5 per cent below their 1990 levels. Appropriate cropland management may help member countries meet the overall EU emissions ...

  • Herb layer productivity under different light gaps in the forests of Western Ghats of Karnataka, India

    A productivity estimation of tree, shrub and herb layer biomass was undertaken in Uttara Kannada, a Western Ghats district in Karnataka in differentially managed forests. In addition to biomass, light gap in these sample sites was also estimated to understand the relationship between the light interception pattern at different canopy layers and their productivity. The studies indicate that tree ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • USGS Study Points To Biofuel Crop Related Land-Use Change Reducing Honey Bee Habitat

    On August 29, 2016, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) published a study on the result of land-use changes on North and South Dakota commercial honey bee colonies in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. USGS scientists found that grasslands and other landscape ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

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