agricultural land Articles

  • Costs of land use for conservation in Central Europe and future agricultural policy

    In Germany and other countries of Central Europe, biodiversity in the rural countryside is best conserved by applying traditional land-use methods, such as low input sheep and cattle grazing. These are very uneconomical according to conventional accounting and can only be carried out at present by benefitting heavily from the subsidy schemes of the CAP. Trade liberalisation demands the abolition ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Agricultural land use and economic growth: environmental implications of the Kuznets curve

    The expansion of agricultural land use has been associated with the loss of environmental amenities, such as biological diversity, ecosystem services, and aesthetic values. Here, the determinants of agricultural land use are examined, drawing on panel data from 121 countries over the period 1965–1987. The analysis finds that an inverted U curve (or "environmental Kuznets curve") describes the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A conceptual framework for ecologically and socially sustainable land management and agricultural development in Africa

    Agricultural development in Sub-Saharan Africa witnessed an initial period of growth in the few years after independence (1960s) and went into decline after the 1980s. This spurred many governments to embark on structural adjustment programmes that are only just showing the first signs of improvement. This raises some searching questions concerning the process of formulating and implementing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The localization of agriculture

    In the United States, there has been a surge of interest in eating fresh local foods, corresponding with mounting concerns about the climate effects of consuming food from distant places and about the obesity and other health problems associated with junk food diets. This is reflected in the rise in urban gardening, school gardening, and farmers’ markets. With the fast-growing local foods ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Flood control and prevention in cooperation with rural development to reduce the inundation risk on agricultural land

    A project by the Chamber of Agriculture, Lower Saxony (Landwirtschaftskammer Niedersachsen), Germany. It is part of the SAWA-Project (Strategic Alliance for Integrated Water Management Actions), co-funded by the European Regional Development Fund INTERREG IVB. Introduction Due to the climate change the risk of extreme flood events is extremely rising. Agricultural land in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Soil Microbial Community Response to Land Use Change in an Agricultural Landscape of Western Kenya

    Tropical agroecosystems are subject to degradation processes such as losses in soil carbon, nutrient depletion, and reduced water holding capacity that occur rapidly resulting in a reduction in soil fertility that can be difficult to reverse. In this research, a polyphasic methodology has been used to investigate changes in microbial community structure and function in a series of tropical soils ...


    By Springer

  • Global transcriptomic profiling in barramundi Lates calcarcifer from rivers impacted by differing agricultural land‐uses

    Most catchments discharging into the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) lagoon have elevated loads of suspended sediment, nutrients, and pesticides, including photosystem II inhibiting herbicides, associated with upstream agricultural land use. To investigate potential impacts of declining water quality on fish physiology, RNASeq was used to characterize and compare the hepatic transcriptomes of ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Efficiency concept under stochastic consideration of water value in irrigated agricultural land in Crete, Greece

    Water is an increasingly scarce and valuable resource. It is generally accepted that there is a finite supply of water. As economies grow there is an increasing demand for water. The application of water to agricultural lands for irrigation is one of the essential uses of this natural resource in many areas. There is competition among agriculture, industry, and human consumption for the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Fertility status, trace elements and heavy metal pollution of agricultural land irrigated from the Gediz River

    The effect of the Gediz River, polluted by industrial and domestic wastes, on fertility status and trace elements and heavy metal pollution of agricultural land irrigated from this river was investigated. For this purpose, soil samples were collected in August 1998 between the source of the Gediz River (Murat Mountain) and its mouth (Aegean Sea). Soil samples were collected from 12 different ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Land tax: towards a multifunctional institutional tool for land reform and rangeland conservation

    This paper presents a bio-economic modelling technique which provides insight on the probable impacts on the management of natural resources of a land tax as an example of policy instrument. The paper is based on a case study carried out in arid natural rangelands of Namibia, where an agricultural land tax has been implemented in 2006. Responding to concerns regarding the impact of this ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Land accounts for Europe 1990-2000

    Changes in land cover in Europe reflect modifications in the uses of land, which often compete for the same resource: development of artificial surfaces for housing, transport and economic activities; intensification or extensification of agriculture practices; conversion of natural land to agriculture or farmland abandonment; afforestation or deforestation. Accounting for land cover change in a ...

  • Shedding Light on Land Tenure in Africa

    Land and natural resources lie at the heart of social, political, and economic life in much of rural Africa. They represent fundamental assets—primary sources of livelihood, nutrition, income, wealth, and employment for African communities—and are a basis for security, status, social identity, and political relations. For many rural people, land and resources such as water, trees, and ...

  • China: agricultural production and groundwater

    As in many parts of the People’s Republic of China, Shanxi Province is experiencing reduced water security for the agriculture sector. Changing climate conditions, including reduced rainfall, are increasing reliance on groundwater resources in the province. Unsustainable groundwater use for food production intensifies the impacts of climate change, and cost-effective adaptation responses ...

  • How to create resilient agriculture

    Durable food security and agricultural growth depend on development strategies with resilience built in from the start, says Gordon Conway. Economic growth with resilience to environmental threats will be central to the agenda of the UN Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20) in June this year, which aims to map out a pathway of sustainable development for the planet. ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Farmers facing rapid agricultural land condition changes in two villages in the Upper Amazon, Peru: can action learning contribute to resilience?

    The article presents findings of local experimentation for managing land degradation problems in swidden farming, and the institutional setting for such experimental activities within a resilience theory framework. By using action research (AR) methodology, which included in-depth interviews and joint field experiments, the research process facilitated collective learning related to land ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Land and pastoralism: New South Wales Riverina

    The Riverina region in south-western New South Wales, Australia, is a discrete geographical area having unique patterns of soils and vegetation. During 170 years, it has been used productively for sheep and cattle grazing, but with significant detrimental impact on the natural systems. This article reviews the historical impact and suggests means of rehabilitating the landscape for the purposes ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The emergence of urban agriculture: Sydney, Australia

    Across the world the phenomenon of urban agriculture (UA) is defining itself after emerging from a mainly grass-roots response, evidenced in the Sydney Metropolitan Region by the Hawkesbury Harvest phenomenon and the Sydney Food Fairness Alliance, to powerful global forces which are negatively and paradoxically impacting on the quality of life of urban and farming communities. In the developed ...

  • The Importance of Scales in the Agricultural & Farming Industry

    Weighing scales are essential and necessary equipment required for a wide range of applications. Whether intended for personal, industrial or commercial use, they serve one important function – providing accurate weight measurements for varied loads. In the agricultural sector, scales are indispensable tools and without them, it would be almost impossible to manage farms or carry out trade! ...


    By Quality Scales Unlimited

  • Assessing Environmental Integration in EU Agriculture

    Farming has a strong impact on the environment in the European Union (EU), both in a negative and a positive sense. The common agricultural policy (CAP) is a major driver of the agricultural sector, and can therefore positively influence environmental management by farmers. This briefing investigates whether relevant policy measures are well-targeted from a biodiversity perspective. It ...

  • The CAMBI process and agriculture, a sustainable solution?

    Abstract Both public acceptance and interest from farmers for spreading biosolids from waste water treatment plants (wwpt) on arable land, are dependent on some fundamental criteria. These criteria are, however, quite straightforward. The biosolids should be safe, easy to handle, a well documented source of plant nutrition, without disagreeable odours and easily available. A big part of the ...


    By Cambi Group AS

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