agricultural land use Articles

  • The impact of public policy on conservation tillage in US agriculture

    A number of policy tools are used to reduce soil erosion from agricultural lands in the USA, including education and technical assistance, financial assistance, land retirement, and conservation compliance requirements. Education and technical assistance by public and private sources can be effective in promoting the adoption of conservation tillage by farmers for whom that practice will be ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Land and pastoralism: New South Wales Riverina

    The Riverina region in south-western New South Wales, Australia, is a discrete geographical area having unique patterns of soils and vegetation. During 170 years, it has been used productively for sheep and cattle grazing, but with significant detrimental impact on the natural systems. This article reviews the historical impact and suggests means of rehabilitating the landscape for the purposes ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Lost in the Bee-Line

    Pesticides. Sprayed across vast expanses of farm land, they have become a ubiquitous part of industrial agriculture. But there may actually be more consequences to their use than we had previously predicted. A recent study headed by Chensheng Lu at Harvard University connects the rising phenomena of beehive abandonment, known as Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD), to the use of a family of pesticides ...


    By Worldwatch Institute

  • Material flow accounting of rural communities: principles and outcomes in South East Asia

    The paper develops a system of local Material Flow Analysis that links material flows to issues of land use transition, globalisation and food security. This system (rMFA) is then applied to villages in Vietnam, the Philippines and Laos. The rMFA shows that these villages greatly differ in terms of these indicators, and with that, in terms of risks and future-oriented policies, issues that remain ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Likely impacts of biofuel expansion on Midwest land and water resources

    US ethanol production should exceed 12 billion gallons by 2010, and EISA 2007 mandates 36 billion gallons by 2022, diverting one-third of corn to ethanol and 13% of soybean production to biodiesel. Increased demand will ricochet through other agricultural sectors and alter production patterns and land use in the Corn Belt. This paper discusses effects of biofuel expansion on land and water ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Water efficiency of agricultural production in China: regional comparison from 1999 to 2002

    We apply stochastic frontier analysis (SFA) techniques to a provincial level data set to measure technical and water efficiency in China's agricultural production from 1999 to 2002. The determinants of the efficiencies are identified together with the physical determinant structure of the irrigation factor, which refers to the water use per irrigated land area. The study yields the following ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Hedonic analysis of farmland prices: the case of Aragon

    A hedonic approach is used to study farmland prices in Aragon (Spain). Data over 450 transactions in 33 shires, in 2001 and 2002 are analysed. The marginal values for irrigated vs. non-irrigated land, the productive orientation and the differentiation of production through a Designation of Origin (D.O.) are used as explanatory variables. Socio-economic variables are also included. A Box-Cox ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Population growth and forest sustainability in Africa

    Recent distressing trends in climate change, population explosion and deforestation have inspired this paper, which completes the existing literature by providing empirical justification to hypothetical initiatives on the impact of population growth on forest sustainability in Africa. Using three instruments of forest exploitation, the study shows how rural, agricultural and national population ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Soil is a non-renewable resource. Its preservation is essential for food security and our sustainable future

    Soil is a finite resource, meaning its loss and degradation is not recoverable within a human lifespan. As a core component of land resources, agricultural development and ecological sustainability, it is the basis for food, feed, fuel and fibre production and for many critical ecosystem services. It is therefore a highly valuable natural resource, yet it is often overlooked. The natural area of ...

  • From Stygian Blackness to Community Asset: A History of the Trinity River

    There have been three periods of permanent human occupation of the Upper Trinity River basin. For most of the last 11,000 years only Native Americans have lived here. These first citizens hunted, fished and lived with nature … they made no substantive changes to the land or water resources … and they thought it would always be that way.The colonists began arriving in the mid-1800’s. They soon ...

  • Scale of biomass production from new woody crops for salinity control in dryland agriculture in Australia

    There is scope internationally to utilise surplus and degraded agricultural land for biomass crops that might also be environmentally beneficial. For example, dryland salinity in southern Australian could be ameliorated using profitable woody biomass crops. A model was developed to predict biomass production from such woody crops. At a biomass price of A$35/t (green) and a water use efficiency of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • How to close the ever widening gap of Africa's agriculture

    While global food availability increased by 27% per person over the past four decades, it decreased by 12% in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). This paper explores the role of technology use on agricultural development to understand the ever widening gap of SSA with other global regions. It looks into land (i.e., yield) and labour productivity, the relation between technology use and yield stability and, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An application of land suitability evaluation for FTDP: a fuzzy MCDM approach

    The main objective of this paper is to carry out Multi-Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) to arrive at the best alternative by accounting for uncertainties and spatial variability in the various elements. The present paper focuses on addressing uncertainty in the process of land suitability evaluation for horticultural projects area (mountains area in Syria). In this context, both fuzzy AHP and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Evolving more sustainable agriculture in the Cameron Highlands, Malaysia

    Smallholders in many tropical highlands cause serious environmental damage. The Cameron Highlands of Malaysia offer an excellent opportunity for studying how farmers interact with environment, changing markets, infrastructure development, indigenous peoples, and tourism, and how these shape innovation. Our surveys in 2002-2004, 2006 and 2007 show that farmers have intensified production and in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • North American agriculture: its contribution to the green house effect

    This paper assesses the effect of agricultural systems and changing input use in North American agriculture on CO2 emissions. These emissions are linked to the greenhouse effect. In the early part of the 20th century, there was a significant increase in CO2 emissions as a large amount of land was diverted from its grassland state into cultivated cropland. CO2 emissions from North American ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Reducing agricultural nitrogen inputs in the German Baltic Sea catchment – trends and policy options

    We depict recent agricultural nitrogen input and future loads to be expected in 2021 in the German Baltic Sea catchment to assess the feasibility of reaching water quality targets defined by the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). We calculate recent and future nitrogen balances from agriculture by applying an interdisciplinary modelling system, also considering the effects of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The optimization of the paddy field irrigation scheduling using mathematical programming

    In planting rice, a significant amount of irrigation water is required to prepare the farmlands and do transplanting and this is directly related to the number of machines and workers available; that is, the more the length of plowing and transplanting process due to the lack of required machinery and labor, the more the water volume consumed. Therefore, in such conditions, it is important to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The use of GMOs and consumers' rights in the European Union

    Most European consumers are against the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) products. Nevertheless, the European Union (EU) does not set particular limits to GMOs intake while it is restrictive with regard to GMOs farming. As consequence nine Member States, including France, Italy and Germany, have adopted measures to forbid GMOs farming on their land. Worldwide, the EU is the main ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Irrigated agriculture and groundwater resources – towards an integrated vision and sustainable relationship

    Globally, irrigated agriculture is the largest abstractor, and predominant consumer, of groundwater resources, with large groundwater-dependent agro-economies now having widely evolved especially in Asia. Such use is also causing resource depletion and degradation in more arid and drought-prone regions. In addition crop cultivation practices on irrigated land exert a major influence on ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Farm management systems and voluntary action: what can Germany learn from Canada?

    Following regulation EC 1782/2003, a policy scheme aimed at supporting farmers' compliance with societal requirements of sustainable land use was set up in Germany. Core elements of the measure are the introduction and voluntary application of Farm Management Systems (FMS) and the accompanying advisory services. This paper critically assesses the potentials of the German scheme with the help of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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