agricultural resource Articles

  • Distorted agricultural prices cause hunger and resources dilapidation

    The main objective of this paper is to present facts and arguments trying to prove that price distortion has been the main reason for the dilapidation of human and physical resources all over the world. In some countries, farmers sell their products at prices below their real cost. In these countries, most often, family labour and equipment depreciation are not accounted as real costs. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Irrigated agriculture and groundwater resources – towards an integrated vision and sustainable relationship

    Globally, irrigated agriculture is the largest abstractor, and predominant consumer, of groundwater resources, with large groundwater-dependent agro-economies now having widely evolved especially in Asia. Such use is also causing resource depletion and degradation in more arid and drought-prone regions. In addition crop cultivation practices on irrigated land exert a major influence on ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Family as an autonomous institution for local agricultural resources governance: discourse on organic agriculture development in the mountains of Nepal

    This paper focuses on the institutional dynamics of family–led organic farms in the mountains of Nepal. It is based on continuous observations and experiences of local farmers who have dedicated themselves to organic agriculture for a significant period of time. It is found that family–led organic farming can contribute significantly to the sustainable use of local agricultural resources. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Sustainable agriculture and sustainability of Indian agriculture in the context of globalisation

    There is a growing realisation of the importance of sustainable agriculture across the globe. This awareness has become the main focus of global debate as a result of degradation of natural resources and environment. There is a growing demand for eco-friendly agricultural commodities in the international market. Here an attempt is made to examine the context and meaning of the term ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • China: agricultural production and groundwater

    As in many parts of the People’s Republic of China, Shanxi Province is experiencing reduced water security for the agriculture sector. Changing climate conditions, including reduced rainfall, are increasing reliance on groundwater resources in the province. Unsustainable groundwater use for food production intensifies the impacts of climate change, and cost-effective adaptation responses ...

  • Food sustainability: Key resources

    From contentious hunger estimates to trends in agriculture, Zareen Pervez Bharucha outlines a range of resources. Hunger, malnutrition and food insecurity The website of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations is a key resource and offers access to several reports on hunger and ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Using climate scenarios to evaluate future impacts on the groundwater resources and agricultural economy of the Texas High Plains

    This study evaluated the impacts of future climate scenarios on the groundwater resources and agricultural economy of the Texas High Plains, using Hale county as a case study. Climate change impacts were incorporated into regional economic models using weather projections to develop crop response functions from crop models. These projections are based on quantitative projections of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Experiences in Analysis of Pressures and Impacts from Agriculture on Water Resources and Developing a Related Programme of Measures

    After the entry into force of the Water Framework Directive (WFD), during the year 2000, the Member States and the Commission agreed on a Common Implementation Strategy (CIS) to address the challenges in a co-operative and coordinated way. Specific guidance documents were prepared offering a common reference across Europe. Compilation was carried out under four Working Groups: Ecological Status, ...


  • Sustaining California agriculture in an uncertain future

    About the Pacific Institute The Pacific Institute is one of the world’s leading independent nonprofits conducting research and advocacy to create a healthier planet and sustainable communities. Based in Oakland, California, we conduct interdisciplinary research and partner with stakeholders to produce solutions that advance environmental protection, economic development, and social equity—in ...


    By Pacific Institute

  • The emergence of urban agriculture: Sydney, Australia

    Across the world the phenomenon of urban agriculture (UA) is defining itself after emerging from a mainly grass-roots response, evidenced in the Sydney Metropolitan Region by the Hawkesbury Harvest phenomenon and the Sydney Food Fairness Alliance, to powerful global forces which are negatively and paradoxically impacting on the quality of life of urban and farming communities. In the developed ...

  • Risk analysis of wastewater reuse in agriculture

    Two of the main concerns for wastewater reuse in agricultural irrigation are environmental and human security. Different research studies and practices have been developed recently in order to quantify the risk of possible environmental contamination of surface and groundwater resources as well as the risk to public health from enteric viruses. Other, far from negligible, related ...

  • Agricultural water vulnerability in rural Iran

    Water is an important factor of production and livelihood support in rural communities. Meanwhile, water shortage is a virtually common feature in many arid and semi-arid countries. It is also projected that water stress will be exacerbated in such regions because of climate change. The cumulative effects of these stressors can potentially increase agricultural water vulnerability (AWV). ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessing Environmental Integration in EU Agriculture

    Farming has a strong impact on the environment in the European Union (EU), both in a negative and a positive sense. The common agricultural policy (CAP) is a major driver of the agricultural sector, and can therefore positively influence environmental management by farmers. This briefing investigates whether relevant policy measures are well-targeted from a biodiversity perspective. It ...

  • The maya footprint: soil resources of chunchucmil, yucatán, Mexico

    This study explored and characterized soil physical and chemical properties to determine how the ancient Maya of Chunchucmil, Yucatán, Mexico, fed themselves. Our objectives were to examine the soil resources and the areas of agricultural importance surrounding Chunchucmil and to search for evidence of agricultural intensification of soils by night soil and charcoal amendments. The C isotopic ...

  • The viability of treated piggery wastewater for reuse in agricultural irrigation

    Background The swine production is a very important economic matter, occupying prominent position in the worldwide market. However, it appears as the greater impacting activity for the water resources. Researches point a swine manure production of 105.6 million m3/year in Brazil, which resulted in a piggery wastewater rich in solids, nutrients, heavy metals, and pathogens. Moreover, ...

  • Modernisation in agriculture: what makes a farmer adopt an innovation?

    This paper addresses the question of which factors influence a farmer in deciding to adopt an innovation. We differentiate between innovations that are already widely diffused in the sector, innovations that are early in their process of diffusion, and innovations that are entirely new to the farmer's sector. We use an ordered probit approach to relate adoption behaviour to variables that capture ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Recent Papers on Water Reuse in Irrigation and Agriculture

    The long-term goal of this research is to develop the infra-technologies to reclaim effluents from wastewater treatment plants and reuse them for agricultural water demands. The objectives of this were: 1) to study the effects of various wastewater treatment levels on crop growth and yields; 2) to determine the pollution loads from wastewater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Applying information for adapting the agriculture sector in Bundelkhand, India

    This case study examines two projects implemented by Development Alternatives to highlight the multiplicity of data sources involved in adaptation decision making, provide an analysis of how information was used, and explore the challenges associated with information use for adaptation decision making in the agricultural sector. This case study is part of a series under the World Resources ...

  • The need for a professional network of agricultural and biosystems engineers in Africa

    Agricultural productivity in Africa remains the lowest in the world, but recent concerns about food insecurity, rising food prices and resource depletion have spurred world–wide interest about the role of African agriculture in feeding Africa and the world. Majority of world's uncultivated agricultural land is in Africa, yet the capacity to harness this resource remains limited due partly ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Agricultural water poverty in Marvdasht County, Southern Iran

    The paper discusses the application of the Agricultural Water Poverty Index (AWPI) as an assessment tool for agricultural water in rural areas of Marvdasht County, Fars Province, Iran. Along with the global concern, water has become an increasing concern during the recent years in Iran. This paper provides an overview of the AWPI and the methodology to measure AWP by addressing the four key ...


    By IWA Publishing

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