agricultural sampling Articles

  • Plant Sciences in Agriculture

    Plant pathogens Microorganisms, also called as microbes, live in every part of the biosphere, including soil, water, and air. Plant pathogens are the microbes that infect plants and cause diseases. In history, some plant diseases led to tremendous negative impacts on society. In 1845, potato blight disease was prevalent in all potato growing regions in Ireland. Phytophthora infestans, a ...

  • Speciation and mobility of arsenic in agricultural lime

    Received for publication October 6, 2008. Agricultural liming materials are used to correct soil acidity and to improve plant growth and microbial functionality. A relatively low-grade agricultural lime was found to contain up to 125 mg kg–1 arsenic (As), which is above any fertilizing materials code threshold. The color of the milled material is brown due to ample oxide dendrites. Microprobe ...

  • Agricultural water vulnerability in rural Iran

    Water is an important factor of production and livelihood support in rural communities. Meanwhile, water shortage is a virtually common feature in many arid and semi-arid countries. It is also projected that water stress will be exacerbated in such regions because of climate change. The cumulative effects of these stressors can potentially increase agricultural water vulnerability (AWV). ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Composting of biodegradable organic wastes for sustainable agriculture

    Investigators: M.A. Ali Khan, Manoj Kumar, Kavita Kashyap, Ruby Rani, Sanjay Yada, Priti Kaushik Siraohi Environmental Science Lab. Dept. of Botany, Simbhaoli, Ghaziabad, India Objectives: To recycle, reduce and reuse hazardous distillery spent wash (DSW). Pressmud cake (PMC) fly ash, Eicchornia/Azolla/trash/litter and DSW inoculated with Trichoderma viride were observed for temperature based ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Agricultural Knives: Thermal Spray Case Study

    Adding thermal spray hard-facing to the cutting edge of an agricultural machinery knife is a tried-and-true method of extending the useful life of the product. However, not all thermal spray hard-facing is created equal, as we discovered when we went head-to-head with the competition. The Comparison. It’s common practice in this industry to test machine components under typical field ...


    By Kondex Corporation

  • The Effect of Off-farm Work on the Intensity of Agricultural Production

    Changes in agricultural production methods have been associated with environmental pressure and a loss of natural habitats. This paper explores the extent to which farmer participation in off-farm work (an increasing phenomenon in most developed countries) changes the intensity of agricultural input use focusing, in particular, on fertilizer and crop protection product use. A sample selection ...


    By Springer

  • Agricultural Knives: Thermal Spray Case Study II

    Recently, Kondex was faced with a field testing requirement that the OEM was unable to execute for cost reasons, though it was critical to our ability to supply thermal sprayed cutting components for its combine harvester. A great deal of scrutiny is placed on cutting components utilizing thermal spray hardfacing; if the hardfacing process is not carried out properly, the cutting edge will lose ...


    By Kondex Corporation

  • Agricultural water poverty in Marvdasht County, Southern Iran

    The paper discusses the application of the Agricultural Water Poverty Index (AWPI) as an assessment tool for agricultural water in rural areas of Marvdasht County, Fars Province, Iran. Along with the global concern, water has become an increasing concern during the recent years in Iran. This paper provides an overview of the AWPI and the methodology to measure AWP by addressing the four key ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Agroforestry Buffers Reduce Runoff from Agricultural Watersheds

    Despite increased attention and demand for the adoption of agroforestry practices throughout the world, rigorous long-term scientific studies confirming environmental benefits from the use of agroforestry practices are limited. The objective of this study was to examine nonpoint-source pollution (NPSP) reduction as influenced by agroforestry buffers in watersheds under grazing and row crop ...

  • Agricultural Knives: Thermal Spray Case Study III

    Since implementing our Thermal Spray Hard-face process, Kondex has been involved in numerous field test projects with its customers. The purpose of these tests is two-fold: •Set benchmarks for comparing Kondex technology to existing material/coating technology •Evaluate new material/coating technologies as a means of improving wear resistance and or improving the cost of agricultural ...


    By Kondex Corporation

  • Development of Waste Sawdust as a plant protection material for horticulture and agriculture

    Untitled Document Lignin is one of the major wastes of modern society, in the form of wood waste such as sawdust. In nature, lignin is ...

  • Effect of Dislodging Techniques on Foliar Residue Determination for Agricultural Crops

    Abstract  The Agricultural Reentry Task Force (ARTF) conducted a study to determine whether different dislodgeable foliar residue (DFR) techniques had any effect on the amount of residues dislodged from the leaves of vegetable crops. Four previously employed techniques were evaluated with two chemicals (carbaryl and methomyl) on two crops (cabbage and lettuce). Carbaryl, a moderately ...


    By Springer

  • Assessment of groundwater vulnerability to nitrate pollution caused by agricultural practices

    Environmental risk assessment is a step towards identification, analysis, and classification of risk factors and thus reduction of the possibility of adverse consequences. In this research, a novel approach for environmental risk assessment on groundwater pollution is applied. By combination of aquifer vulnerability DRASTIC map, pollution severity and prioritizing of the plain regions by the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Role of knowledge in the adoption of new agricultural technologies: an approach and an application

    Empirical studies on agricultural technology adoption generally divide a population into adopters and nonadopters, and analyse the reasons for adoption or nonadoption at a point in time. In reality, technology adoption is not a one-off static decision, rather it involves a dynamic process in which information gathering, learning and experience play pivotal roles, particularly in the early stage ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Uses of winery and distillery effluents in agriculture: characterisation of nutrient and hazardous components

    ABSTRACTTwenty-one samples of winery and distillery effluents were collected from different Spanish winery and distillery industries. Electrical conductivity, pH, redox potential, density, organic charge (chemical oxygen demand, biological oxygen demand, total, volatile and suspended solids, oxidisable organic C and polyphenols) and contents of plant nutrients and heavy metals were analysed. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Crop gene banks are preserving the future of agriculture. But who’s preserving them?

    As climate change makes crop diversity even more important, gene banks struggle to stay afloat. During the past few years of civil war in Syria, rebel fighters have destroyed Shia mosques and Christian graves, and burned and looted Christian churches while the Islamic State group has demolished priceless artifacts in the region. Nothing seemed sacred to the disparate ...


    By Ensia

  • Comparing RGB-based vegetation indices with NDVI for agricultural drone imagery

    Abstract Agribotix conducted a post hoc test of two vegetation indices, VARI and TGI, that used only the three visible-band signals from an unmodified CMOS camera. The results were compared to NDVI, which is generally considered to be a reliable measure of field health and the underlying RGB image. While the results are somewhat encouraging in limited cases, it is clear that neither VARI nor ...


    By Agribotix LLC

  • Identifying value hierarchies among indigenous women entrepreneurs in agriculture: a case of Iran

    Personal value orientations were investigated among a sample of 60 rural indigenous women entrepreneurs in Iran, using the Schwartz Values Scale. The value dimensions were conformity, tradition, benevolence, universalism, self-direction, stimulation, hedonism, achievement, power, and security. Conformity was the value type rated most important, benevolence was second, security third, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A probabilistic QMRA of Salmonella in direct agricultural reuse of treated municipal wastewater

    Developing reliable quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA) procedures aids in setting recommendations on reuse applications of treated wastewater. In this study, a probabilistic QMRA to determine the risk of Salmonella infections resulting from the consumption of edible crops irrigated with treated wastewater was conducted. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was used to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of agricultural activities on phosphorus in streams draining into Opa Reservoir Ile Ife, Nigeria

    Phosphorus is noted as the limiting factor of eutrophication. We investigated the impact of different agricultural land use (mixed cropping, horticultural garden and fallow land) on the phosphorus loading of a reservoir. Soil samples were analysed for pH, particle size distribution, organic matter, available P and erodibility index calculated. Water samples analysed for biological oxygen demand ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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