agricultural seed Articles

  • Plant Sciences in Agriculture

    Plant pathogens Microorganisms, also called as microbes, live in every part of the biosphere, including soil, water, and air. Plant pathogens are the microbes that infect plants and cause diseases. In history, some plant diseases led to tremendous negative impacts on society. In 1845, potato blight disease was prevalent in all potato growing regions in Ireland. Phytophthora infestans, a ...

  • Clothianidin in agricultural soils and uptake into corn pollen and canola nectar after multi‐year seed treatment applications

    Limited data are available on the fate of clothianidin under realistic agricultural production conditions. This is the first large‐scale assessment of clothianidin residues in soil and bee‐relevant matrices from corn and canola fields after multiple years of seed‐treatment use. The average soil concentration from 50 Midwest US corn fields with 2 to 11 years of planting clothianidin‐treated ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Seeds of change in sub-Saharan Africa

    In the late 1900s, as per-acre grain yields moved to 3 metric tons per hectare in South and Southeast Asia and Latin America, 5 metric tons per hectare in China, and 10 metric tons per hectare in North America, Europe and Japan, there’s one place where production stagnated big time: sub-Saharan Africa, where loss of soil fertility on small farms trapped grain production at an unsustainable ...


    By Ensia

  • Convert Agriculture Waste Into Energy

    India is mainly an agricultural county and is also the largest contributors in the GDP of the country. Agriculture provides employment to a huge population of the rural India. This was not the case suddenly post-independence in India. Various steps were taken to make India as a reliable agricultural country. Steps such as green revolution were taken in several five years plan. This has made India ...


    By Jay Khodiyar Machine Tools

  • How biotechnology is changing the structure of the seed industry

    The seed industry has been in a state of restructuring for many years now. New firms have entered the industry and old players have merged. Firms from various backgrounds now compete in supplying seed to agriculture and horticulture traditional seed companies, new biotechnology firms, agrochemical companies, food processors and wholesalers/retailers. As biotechnology enables the enhancement of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Ethiopia’s seed banks and the search for food security

    The community seed bank in Chefe Donsa, a village two hours’ drive east of the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa, collects and preserves the seeds of local crops to ensure farmers have a steady supply of seeds to sow each year. The Chefe Donsa seed bank is just one of 13 established in different climatic areas of the country. The nation’s central seed bank, which the Ethiopian Institute ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Getting seed to smallholders needs a business approach

    A locally owned, alternative model of supplying affordable seed is working for Africa’s framers, says Joe DeVries. Smallholder farmers in Africa — mostly women — wage silent battles against the elements and other forces beyond their control to feed ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • The Importance of Scales in the Agricultural & Farming Industry

    Weighing scales are essential and necessary equipment required for a wide range of applications. Whether intended for personal, industrial or commercial use, they serve one important function – providing accurate weight measurements for varied loads. In the agricultural sector, scales are indispensable tools and without them, it would be almost impossible to manage farms or carry out trade! ...


    By Quality Scales Unlimited

  • Pilot Test for Dinoseb Reduction at an Agricultural Facility

    Site Summary Dinoseb (2-sec-butyl-4,6-dinitrophenol) is a phenolic herbicide used on soybeans, vegetables, fruits and nuts, citrus,and other field crops for the selective control of grass and broadleaf weeds. It is also used as an insecticide in grapes,and as a seed crop drying agent. In 1986 dinoseb was banned as a commercially available product in the U.S. becauseof the potential ...


    By Regenesis

  • Bi-On, a product suitable for use in organic agriculture

    Bi-On, a product suitable for use in organic farming Ecological, organic or biological agriculture is a cultivation system based on the optimum use of natural resources without using synthetic chemicals or genetically modified organisms (GMOs), thus being able to produce organic foods, as well as preserving the fertility of the soil and respecting the environment. All this in a ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • Climate Smart Agriculture: Zambia’s Strategy to Reduce Emissions

    The agricultural sector is believed to be the backbone of the Zambian economy thereby alleviating problems associated with poverty and food security. The development of the sector is viewed as one sustainable way of economic growth and ‘Eradicating Extreme Poverty and Hunger’ which is goal number one of the Millennium Development Goals (UN, 2000). The sector contributes to the growth ...


    By TractorExport

  • The essential oils in agriculture as an alternative strategy to herbicides: a case study

    In this study we investigated the allelopathic effect of some essential oils extracted from aromatic plants to inhibit weed seed germination. The study was performed to evaluate the potential genotoxic effect of lavender on Vicia faba root meristems by genotoxicity tests (comet assay and micronuclei test) and to evaluate microbial diversity fluctuation by Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Effect of the solid content on biogas production from Jatropha curcas seed cake

    Anaerobic conversion of Jatropha curcas seed cake was studied in a five–litre working volume batch reactor at 30°C. Over a 60–day operating period, a slurry of seed cake in water at a 1 : 20 seed cake–to–water ratio showed the highest methane yield of 296 litre methane/kg Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) degraded (or 156 litre/kg of Jatropha curcas seed cake added) and achieved 52% COD removal. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • How three U.S. mini-farms are sowing the seeds of global food security

    Tiny, biointensive operations show smallholder farmers from around the world how they can grow far more food than conventional approaches. Her face shaded by a wide-brimmed straw hat, Olawumi Benedict is cheerfully tending to her “little babies” — kale seedlings growing in shallow wooden flats until they’re hardy enough for transplantation into soil beds. Three miles over ...


    By Ensia

  • Crop gene banks are preserving the future of agriculture. But who’s preserving them?

    As climate change makes crop diversity even more important, gene banks struggle to stay afloat. During the past few years of civil war in Syria, rebel fighters have destroyed Shia mosques and Christian graves, and burned and looted Christian churches while the Islamic State group has demolished priceless artifacts in the region. Nothing seemed sacred to the disparate ...


    By Ensia

  • Irrigation water requirements for seed corn and coffee under potential climate change scenarios

    The impact of potential future climate change scenarios on the irrigation water requirements (IRRs) of two major agricultural crops (coffee and seed corn) in Hawai'i was studied using the Irrigation Management System (IManSys) model. In addition to IRRs calculations, IManSys calculates runoff, deep percolation, canopy interception, and effective rainfall based on plant growth parameters, site ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Hierarchical modelling applied to agriculture: wheat planting decisions in the Pacific Northwest

    This paper presents a hierarchical decision model that predicted Alturas soft white spring wheat would be the best spring wheat variety to plant in the Pacific Northwest in 2006. Profitability depends on changing market demands and competition with other crops. The challenge of wheat farming is sustaining profitability. A four level hierarchical decision model approach was selected for this ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • How `open source` seed producers from the U.S. to India are changing global food production

    Around the world, plant breeders are resisting what they see as corporate control of the food supply by making seeds available for other breeders to use. Frank Morton has been breeding lettuce since the 1980s. His company offers 114 varieties, among them Outredgeous, which last year became the first plant that ...


    By Ensia

  • CRISPR is coming to agriculture — with big implications for food, farmers, consumers and nature

    Gene editing offers dramatic advances in speed, scope and scale of genetic improvement. It also offers an opportunity for more nuanced GMO governance. Very few technologies truly merit the epithet “game changer” — but a new genetic engineering tool known as CRISPR-Cas9 is one of them. Since we first developed the ability to alter the genetic material inside a plant or animal in ...


    By Ensia

  • Crop rotation and nitrogen input effects on soil fertility, maize mineral nutrition, yield, and seed composition

    Knowledge of complex relationships between soils, crops, and management practices is necessary to develop sustainable agricultural production systems. Objectives were to determine how maize (Zea mays L.) would respond to monoculture (C-C), 2-yr rotation (C-S) with soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.], or 4-yr rotation (C-S-W/A-A) with soybean, wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), and alfalfa (Medicago ...

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