agricultural water need Articles

  • Balancing Agricultural, Urban, and Environmental Water Needs in Water Resources

    The Lower Colorado River Authority (LCRA) – San Antonio Water System (SAWS) Water Project is a plan to conserve water, develop groundwater, and capture excess and unused river flows to meet future water needs for two neighboring regions in Texas. Agricultural and other rural water needs would be met on a more reliable basis in the lower Colorado River basin through water conservation, surface ...

  • New approaches are needed for another Green Revolution

    Twenty-first century agriculture needs low-input advances like the System of Rice Intensification, says Norman Uphoff. According to the principle of diminishing returns, continuing to produce something in the same way, with the same inputs and technology, ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Reuse: Agriculture

    Agronomic and water quality considerations Water use for agricultural irrigation is the largest component of water use in most countries and is more than 70% of human water use in drier countries. Use of recycled water for irrigation requires consideration of soil types, groundwater levels, soil and water chemistry, nutrient loads, limits on chemicals, the salt tolerance of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Food and water insecurity: re-assessing the value of rainfed agriculture

    ABSTRACTRainfed agriculture has potential to produce needed cereals for the growing populations of West and Central Asia even though rainfed agriculture is perceived as risky. The value of rainfed agriculture to produce competitively should be re-assessed. This requires the concerted efforts of farmers, researchers, and policy makers to work on the technical factors that determine agricultural ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A decision tool for sustainable agricultural policies: the case of water saving scenarios for Apulia Region (Southern Italy)

    The economy of Apulia Region largely depends on agriculture but the scarce water resources are the main factor threatening the sustainable production of this sector. This paper describes a geographical information system (GIS) based water balance tool that integrates maps of crops, climate and soil parameters with various scenarios of cropping pattern and farming practice changes. The aim is ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Irrigation Systems 101: What you need to know

    In the perfect scenario everyone could rely on rainwater for their farming practices, but this is not always the case. This is why employing the right choice from the different irrigation systems available is crucial for agricultural success. Irrigation systems are basically an artificial way to provide water to fertile soil for agricultural purposes. Crop irrigation is necessary to ...


    By GR Trailers LLC

  • Market efficiency and welfare effects of inter-sectoral water allocation in South Africa

    The need for increased agricultural production to meet the growing demand for food, coupled with concerns for environmental sustainability, economic growth and poverty reduction has increased demand on the already scarce water in South Africa. At the same time, because of agriculture's minimal contribution, compared to the industrial and mining sectors, to South Africa's GDP and employment, the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A systematic overview of urban agriculture in developing countries from an environmental point of view

    Urban agriculture can contribute to food security and poverty alleviation in developing countries. It can also help to improve public health and resource management by reusing excreta, wastewater and organic solid waste. This paper presents a systematic overview of urban agriculture in low and middle-income countries and identifies research needs. The cross-cutting issues, especially between ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • China: agricultural production and groundwater

    As in many parts of the People’s Republic of China, Shanxi Province is experiencing reduced water security for the agriculture sector. Changing climate conditions, including reduced rainfall, are increasing reliance on groundwater resources in the province. Unsustainable groundwater use for food production intensifies the impacts of climate change, and cost-effective adaptation responses ...

  • Potential water savings associated with agricultural water efficiency improvements: a case study of California, USA

    This study analyzes the potential for water savings from irrigation efficiency improvements in California, USA. We model water savings associated with three efficiency scenarios in wet, average and dry water years. The ‘efficient irrigation technology’ scenario shifts a fraction of the crops from flood irrigation to sprinkler and drip systems; the ‘improved irrigation scheduling’ scenario uses ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • GWT- Agro-Z media enhanced plant growth and reduces fertilizer usage in Nursery - Case Study

    This case outlines the benefits and advantages of using GWT series Agro-Z medium in an agriculture plant nursery application. This particular large nursery was challenged with brackish water and salty soil. The plant growing operations were suffering due to lack of plant growth.  Genesis Water Technologies, experienced in agriculture water treatment solutions provided both a water treatment ...

  • Incentives and instruments for sustainable irrigation

    This book looks at Sustainable Irrigation in a holistic way, considering the multidisciplinary objectives of sustainable agriculture, sustainable water management, sustainable water infrastructure, sustainable irrigation communities and a sustainable environment, the need to reallocate water between competing users, and the need for water and food security in an environment of scarcity. It does ...


    By WIT Press

  • Breaking the dilemma of agricultural water fee collection in China

    Low agricultural water fee collection rates are a problem commonly faced by many developing countries and this is a problem faced by China as it enters the new century. There are two main problem-solving strategies used in different areas of China: increasing the water fee collection rate, or exempting people from paying the water fee. In those areas where the first strategy is pursued, local ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • LCA of integrated orange production in the Comunidad Valenciana (Spain)

    In order to perform an LCA of integrated orange production in the Comunidad Valenciana two representative areas were studied. The functional unit was 1 kg oranges at the farm gate. Eight scenarios were considered according to type of irrigation, the origin of water and the tillage practice. The production of agrochemicals, the production and use of energy in agriculture (for irrigation and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Plant Sciences in Agriculture

    Plant pathogens Microorganisms, also called as microbes, live in every part of the biosphere, including soil, water, and air. Plant pathogens are the microbes that infect plants and cause diseases. In history, some plant diseases led to tremendous negative impacts on society. In 1845, potato blight disease was prevalent in all potato growing regions in Ireland. Phytophthora infestans, a ...

  • Massive freshwater gains from producing food at sea

    Water scarcity may be the most limiting factor to increasing world food production. Irrigation water is already overdrawn beyond sustainable levels and to increase reliance on rainfed agriculture is risky, even more so with climate change. However, to promote deliberate food production at sea, both fished and farmed, and both plant and animal, requires no freshwater or land. The thousands of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Tracking Your Data In All Your Unusual Places

    Let’s be honest: I say “level measurement,” you think “fluid in a tank.” It’s ok; most people do. And if we’re really honest with each other, you can admit that you probably were thinking about an industrial tank, related to factory production of some kind. And again, it’s ok. But there’s so much more to level measurement! One of fastest ...

  • Irrigation challenges in the sub-humid US Mid-South

    Irrigated area in the Mid-South USA continues to increase and now totals four million ha. Because of low available water holding capacities and shallow root-limiting layers in many soils, irrigation management is difficult. Water quality and water use efficiency impacts under irrigation are poorly understood, but comprehension is necessary if conversion from groundwater to surface water supplies ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Challenge and response in the Indus Basin

    The authors examine the complex history of the development of the Indus Basin and the challenges faced by Pakistan during the evolution of the Indus Basin Irrigation System and the country's responses to date. The Indus river system must meet the multiple needs of agriculture, energy and flood security. Pakistan's constitutional structure, in which the federation shares overall ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • How to create resilient agriculture

    Durable food security and agricultural growth depend on development strategies with resilience built in from the start, says Gordon Conway. Economic growth with resilience to environmental threats will be central to the agenda of the UN Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20) in June this year, which aims to map out a pathway of sustainable development for the planet. ...


    By SciDev.Net

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