agriculture cover Articles

  • Root vegetables harvest and farm development

    Root vegetables season The autumn start is the time when vegetable producers have a lot of work. A collection of vegetables begins. Tension and nerves are often associated with it. All because the priority for farmers is to collect crops for which they worked hard all year round. It is important to make a good choice and select the machines suitable to your needs and four farm ...


    By Weremczuk Agromachines

  • Irrigation - Water Management, Pollution and Alternative Strategies

    Irrigated agriculture is the most significant user of fresh water in the world and, due to the large area occupied, is one of the major pollution sources for the water resources. This book comprises 12 chapters that cover different issues and problematics of irrigated agriculture: from water use in different irrigated systems to pollution generated by irrigated agriculture. Moreover, the book ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Flood risk for farmer and dyke relocation

    The Biosphere Reserve Lower Saxonian Elbe Valley (Biosphärenreservat Niedersächsische Elbtalaue), which was created on the basis of an unanimous decision by the Lower Saxonian State Parliament in 2002, represents Lower Saxony’s contribution to the UNESCO Biosphere Reserve ‘Flusslandschaft Elbe’ (Elbe River Landscape). It stretches for about 100 kilometres south-east of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Estimation of the increase in deforestation due to agricultural and pastoral activities in the Brazilian Western Amazon: an approach based on the relationship between production and productivity

    This paper presents and discusses the evaluation results of the increase in deforestation verified in the period of 1970 to 1990 in the Cruzeiro du Sul area, Acre State, in the Brazilian Western Amazon, based on an analysis of the relationship between the production and the productivity of the agricultural and pastoral (A&P) activities. The analysis suggests a deforestation increase owing to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Federal Activities Report On The Bioeconomy Release Announced At ABLC2016

    On February 18, 2016, at the Advanced Bioeconomy Leadership Conference 2016 (ABLC2016), Dr. Catherine Woteki, Chief Scientist and Undersecretary for Research, Education, and Economics at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), announced the release of the Federal Activities Report on the Bioeconomy. The report was created ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Irrigation Systems and Practices in Challenging Environments

    The book Irrigation Systems and Practices in Challenging Environments is divided into two interesting sections, with the first section titled Agricultural Water Productivity in Stressed Environments, which consists of nine chapters technically crafted by experts in their own right in their fields of expertise. Topics range from effects of irrigation on the physiology of plants, deficit irrigation ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water Stress

    Plants experience water stress either when the water supply to their roots becomes limiting, or when the transpiration rate becomes intense. Water stress is primarily caused by a water deficit, such as a drought or high soil salinity. Each year, water stress on arable plants in different parts of the world disrupts agriculture and food supply with the final consequence: famine. Hence, the ability ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Feeding the world from organics

    Washington State University researchers have concluded that feeding a growing global population with sustainability goals in mind is possible. Their review of hundreds of published studies provides evidence that organic farming can produce sufficient yields, be profitable for farmers, protect and improve the environment and be safer for farm workers. The review study, “Organic Agriculture ...

  • USDA now accepting applications for loan guarantees

    On July 16, 2015, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Secretary Tom Vilsack announced that USDA is accepting applications for loan guarantees up to $250 million through the Biorefinery, Renewable ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Riparian woody plant diversity and forest structure along an urban-rural gradient

    Changes in riparian woody plant assemblages are anticipated in the southeastern United States due to increases in urbanization rates. Because riparian forests serve important roles in maintaining water quality and biodiversity, understanding how they respond to urbanization is crucial. The objective of this study was to examine forest structure and woody vegetation diversity indices of riparian ...


    By Springer

  • Legislating for Sustainable Basin Management: The Story of Australia`s Water Act 2007

    The paper covers the history and current reform process in Australia’s Murray-Darling Basin that aims to rebalance water use from one dominated by irrigation for agriculture, where the environment bears most of the risk during a drought, to one in which the risk of drought is shared more equitably between irrigators and ecosystems. The reform was controversial, as it acquired private water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • AquaCrop model simulation under different irrigation water and nitrogen strategies

    On a global scale, irrigated agriculture consumes about 72% of available freshwater resources. Deficit irrigation can be applied in the field to save irrigation water and still lead to acceptable crop production. The AquaCrop model is a simulation model for management of irrigation and nitrogen fertilizer. This model is a new model that is accurate, robust and requires fewer data inputs ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mapping of forest cover and assessment of ecosystems and ecosystem services related to local livelihoods

    The municipality of Santa Cruz del Quiché, located in the Quiché Department of Guatemala, is characterized by degraded natural resources and a population highly vulnerable to climate change impacts. As part of the Partners for Resilience programme, Guatemalan Red Cross and Wetlands International conducted a study to map the forest cover and ecosystems of the Cucubá river ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Disaster management plan agriculture

    The municipality Amt Neuhaus spreads out on the right bank of river Elbe. The region is characterized by agriculture, especially grassland farming in conjunction with animal husbandry. The area is low-lying and has a potential flood risk. The floods in 2002, 2006 and 2011 endangered the stability of dykes and therefore the security of people, livestock and material assets. In 2002 the situation ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The Chilean Water Allocation Mechanism, established in its Water Code of 1981

    A long narrow strip of land (no more than 430 km wide) between the Andes and the Pacific Ocean, Chile stretches 4,630 km from near lat. 18°S to Cape Horn (lat. 56°S), including at its southern end the Strait of Magellan and Tierra del Fuego, an island shared with Argentina. In the Pacific Ocean are Chile's several island possessions, including Easter Island, the Juan Fernández ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Soil water recharge for grassed and forested land covers on the Oak Ridges Moraine, southern Ontario, Canada

    Soil water recharge (R) below 1 m depth was estimated via a 1-d water balance for grasslands, hardwood stands and red pine plantations on the Oak Ridges Moraine (ORM) in southern Ontario, Canada. Annual R values (431–696 mm) were in the order of previous estimates for outcropping sands and gravels on the ORM (∼400 mm); however, they only partially supported hypothesized ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Relationship between Riparian Vegetation and Stream Benthic Communities at Three Spatial Scales

    We examined the influence of riparian vegetation on macroinvertebrate community structure in streams of the Upper Thames River watershed in southwestern Ontario. Thirty-three µ-basins (129–1458 ha) were used to identify land cover variables that influenced stream macroinvertebrates. Micro-basins represented the entire drainage area of study streams and were similar in stream order (first, second) ...


    By Springer

  • The poverty trap: a case study of Thai farmers

    This article theoretically proves that a poverty trap problem is a result of endogenous fertility behaviour. The theoretical results were supported by empirical evidence from Thai farmer census data and a socioeconomic survey. Thai farmers tend to have a larger family size and smaller household incomes than nonfarmer households. Thai farmers are not covered by the social security programme and, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Valuation of nitrogen retention as an ecosystem service on a catchment scale

    An ecosystem service approach was used to study the water purification service exemplified by impacts of land management scenarios. Nitrogen retention was calculated in two agricultural catchments by the dynamic Integrated Nutrients in Catchments (INCA)-N model. The monetary valuation was based on purification efficiency of artificial wetlands. The set of scenarios were based on existing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of cattle bedding and grazing BMPs in an agricultural watershed in Alberta

    This paper highlights the environmental impacts of implementing beneficial management practices to address cattle bedding and direct access to the creek in a study watershed in southern Alberta, Canada. Approximately 35 cow–calf pairs grazed 194 ha of grass forage and had direct access to the creek in the spring and summer. During winter, the cattle were fed adjacent to the creek at an old ...


    By IWA Publishing

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