agriculture effluent Articles

  • Uses of winery and distillery effluents in agriculture: characterisation of nutrient and hazardous components

    ABSTRACTTwenty-one samples of winery and distillery effluents were collected from different Spanish winery and distillery industries. Electrical conductivity, pH, redox potential, density, organic charge (chemical oxygen demand, biological oxygen demand, total, volatile and suspended solids, oxidisable organic C and polyphenols) and contents of plant nutrients and heavy metals were analysed. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Irrigation by Sewage Effluents in Yemen

    Yemen is the least advanced country among Middle East Countries in the sewage reuse and safety control. The current sewage effluent quality in Yemen is generally poor as none of the existing sewage treatment plants produces effluents comply with the effluent quality regulations. The oxidation and stabilization ponds are considered the most appropriate for the warm climate conditions in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sustainable and cost-effective municipal wastewater reclamation: treated effluent reuse in agricultural production

    Many countries have the problem of a severe water imbalance. This imbalance in water demand vs. supply is due mainly to the relatively uneven distribution of precipitation, high temperatures, increased demands for irrigation water and the impacts of tourism. To alleviate water shortages serious consideration must be given to wastewater reclamation and reuse. In this paper, some good examples of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Towards strategies for pollution control on the use of wastewater effluent in sustainable agriculture in the Gaza Strip

    The agriculture sector is a major consumer of groundwater in the Gaza Strip, where the level of groundwater, the main water resource, is being depleted and its quality is adversely affected. Wastewater reuse is identified to solve the water shortage problem in the Gaza Strip in the National Water Policy. However, treated effluent has been successfully applied in many countries, though it should ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Reducing agriculture’s water footprint

    Decentralized Water Reuse Can Help Preserve Sources of Fresh Water As the world population grows, so does the demand for food and the need to grow more crops. In many regions of the world, water has become a scarce resource, with supplies affected by climatic changes. Not only does water scarcity limit farmers’ ability to irrigate their crops, but overdrawing groundwater supplies ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Study on the reuse of zamyad factory wastewater treatment plant effluent in irrigation

    Water shortage is one of the main obstacles in development of green areas in many countries especially in those which have less amount of water. Considering growth and expansion of communities and cities along with industrial development, green areas development is also necessary. In developed countries together with industrial development, applied studies on reusing treated wastewater have been ...


    By University of Tehran

  • A Discussion Outlining Filtration Of Horticultural Water From Influent To Effluent

    Since the beginning of time mankind has found it difficult to manage it's natural resources primarily due to economic pressures, greed and power. It is evident from increased population and usage of water like never before that the Worlds potable water resources are slowly being depleted due to, extraction, waste, over usage, and contamination. As we entered the Twenty First Century ...


    By AguaSeguridad

  • The viability of treated piggery wastewater for reuse in agricultural irrigation

    Background The swine production is a very important economic matter, occupying prominent position in the worldwide market. However, it appears as the greater impacting activity for the water resources. Researches point a swine manure production of 105.6 million m3/year in Brazil, which resulted in a piggery wastewater rich in solids, nutrients, heavy metals, and pathogens. Moreover, ...

  • Recent Papers on Water Reuse in Irrigation and Agriculture

    The long-term goal of this research is to develop the infra-technologies to reclaim effluents from wastewater treatment plants and reuse them for agricultural water demands. The objectives of this were: 1) to study the effects of various wastewater treatment levels on crop growth and yields; 2) to determine the pollution loads from wastewater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • `Good Agricultural Practices’ in the Agri-food Supply Chain

    Keywords: Voluntary private standard schemes, food quality, food safety, ethical production, environmental standards, SPS Agreement, TBT Agreement, market entry barriers, product liability. Abstract: Criteria defining 'good agricultural practice' (GAP) were originally developed for on-farm production methods and resource use. For a decade, GAP principles have been applied ...


  • Composting of biodegradable organic wastes for sustainable agriculture

    Investigators: M.A. Ali Khan, Manoj Kumar, Kavita Kashyap, Ruby Rani, Sanjay Yada, Priti Kaushik Siraohi Environmental Science Lab. Dept. of Botany, Simbhaoli, Ghaziabad, India Objectives: To recycle, reduce and reuse hazardous distillery spent wash (DSW). Pressmud cake (PMC) fly ash, Eicchornia/Azolla/trash/litter and DSW inoculated with Trichoderma viride were observed for temperature based ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Minimizing health risks during secondary effluent application via subsurface drip irrigation

    Health risks posed on consumers due to the use of agricultural products irrigated with reclaimed wastewater were assessed by numerical simulation. The analysis is based on defining of an Exposure Model (EM) which takes into account several parameters: (i) the quality of the applied wastewater, (ii) the irrigation method, (iii) the elapsed times between irrigation, harvest, and product ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Agricultural water reuse in Nicaragua: extent, actual practices, perception and perspectives

    Data on the extent of water reuse, its characteristics and social perception is scarce, notably for developing countries. To characterize reuse in Nicaragua, a water-rich country, use of effluents from 22 wastewater treatment plants was surveyed on-site, in combination with a literature review and surveys of government institutions, water utilities and farmers. It was found that 50% of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Wastewater retreatment and reuse system for agricultural irrigation in rural villages

    Climate changes and continuous population growth increase water demands that will not be met by traditional water resources, like surface and ground water. To handle increased water demand, treated municipal wastewater is offered to farmers for agricultural irrigation. This study aimed to enhance the effluent quality from worn-out sewage treatment facilities in rural villages, retreat effluent ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Persistence of the tricyclic antidepressant drugs amitriptyline and nortriptyline in agriculture soils

    Amitriptyline and nortriptyline are widely‐used tricyclic antidepressant drugs. They have been detected in wastewater, surface runoff, and effluents from sewage treatment plants. As such, they could potentially reach agriculture land through the application of municipal biosolids or reclaimed water. In the absence of data on their fate in the environment, the persistence and dissipation ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Environmental assessment of energy production by combustion of biogas provided by the anaerobic digestion of agricultural biomass

    This paper tries to compare the environmental impacts of energy production using agricultural biomass and energy production using traditional reactor systems (natural gas and fuel oil) by using the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology. In order to make this comparison, the impact assessment methods CML 2 BASELINE 2000 (problem oriented method) and ECOINDICATOR 99 (damage oriented method) are ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Chicken slaughterhouse

    Country: U.S. Problem: Poor final effluent quality Product: BFL 5100HP Background A chicken slaughterhouse was killing 10,000 chickens per day. Final effluent was discharged to a stream. The final effluent COD was exceeding the discharge limit of 100mg/L and as a result it had to be tankered off site and spread on ...


    By Biofuture Ltd

  • Impact of some herbicides on the biomass activity in biological treatment plants and biodegradability enhancement by a photo-Fenton process

    In recent years, the use of agrochemicals has increased because they are essential for profitable agricultural production. Herbicides are heavily demanded compounds and among these, the most marketed are 2,4-D, atrazine and acetochlor. They have characteristics that can cause problems to humans and the environment. Therefore, it is necessary to design systems that can reduce these compounds to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Seasonal ammonia losses from spray-irrigation with secondary-treated recycled water

    This work examines ammonia volatilization associated with agricultural irrigation employing recycled water. Effluent from a secondary wastewater treatment plant was applied using a center pivot irrigation system on a 12 ha agricultural site in Palmdale, California. Irrigation water was captured in shallow pans and ammonia concentrations were quantified in four seasonal events. The average ammonia ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of nutrient retention in vegetated filter strips using the SWAT model

    Nutrient fluxes in stream basins need to be controlled to achieve good water quality status. In stream basins with intensive agricultural activities, nutrients predominantly come from diffuse sources. Therefore, best management practices (BMPs) are increasingly implemented to reduce nutrient input to streams. The objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of vegetated filter strip (VFS) ...


    By IWA Publishing

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