agriculture emissions Articles

  • Climate Smart Agriculture: Zambia’s Strategy to Reduce Emissions

    The agricultural sector is believed to be the backbone of the Zambian economy thereby alleviating problems associated with poverty and food security. The development of the sector is viewed as one sustainable way of economic growth and ‘Eradicating Extreme Poverty and Hunger’ which is goal number one of the Millennium Development Goals (UN, 2000). The sector contributes to the growth ...


    By TractorExport

  • Nitrous oxide emission from agricultural soils

    Anthropogenic nitrogen loading, particularly fertiliser usage in agricultural soils is thought to be a potentially important source of nitrous oxide (N2O) emission, which can be controlled by properly managed fertiliser usage. In this research, laboratory scale experiments were conducted to evaluate N2O production and emission from ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The localization of agriculture

    In the United States, there has been a surge of interest in eating fresh local foods, corresponding with mounting concerns about the climate effects of consuming food from distant places and about the obesity and other health problems associated with junk food diets. This is reflected in the rise in urban gardening, school gardening, and farmers’ markets. With the fast-growing local foods ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Managing GHG emissions from agriculture: a unique but solvable challenge

    Thousands of companies have developed greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories in recent years as a crucial first step towards measuring and ultimately reducing their emissions. Agricultural emissions are a large part of many of those inventories: farming is currently responsible for between 10 and 12 percent of global GHG ...

  • Assessing Environmental Integration in EU Agriculture

    Farming has a strong impact on the environment in the European Union (EU), both in a negative and a positive sense. The common agricultural policy (CAP) is a major driver of the agricultural sector, and can therefore positively influence environmental management by farmers. This briefing investigates whether relevant policy measures are well-targeted from a biodiversity perspective. It ...

  • A dynamic analysis of nonpoint pollution control instruments in agriculture

    Nonpoint pollution from agriculture is an emerging issue in the environmental policy of the European Union. Dynamic optimisation techniques are important in nonpoint pollution, and neglect of dynamic aspects may seriously mislead the proper design of policy measures. This paper presents an empirical assessment of nitrogen pollution abatement in the Ebro basin of northeastern Spain. The aim is to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Agricultural trade liberalisation and the global environment: evaluating the linkages

    A reduction of trade barriers will influence the overall scale of agricultural activities, the structure of agricultural production, the mix of inputs and outputs, the production technology, and the regulatory framework. These adjustments, in turn, will influence environmental quality by increasing or reducing environmental harm and creating or destroying environmental amenities. International ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Emissions from Crops - POST Note

    Agriculture contributes 9% of the UK’s greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions burden and 10-12% globally. Although there is a long-term declining trend from UK agriculture, the sector may account for a larger share of overall emissions in the future as other sectors reduce emissions. This POSTnote focuses on reducing GHG emissions from growing and storing arable and horticultural crops. ...


    By UK Parliament

  • Performance analysis of a co-gasifier for organic waste in agriculture

    Background:Agricultural waste has been proposed as an alternative energy resource to meet fossil fuel crisis, green house emission, and other environmental impacts worldwide. In Iran, rice husk and bagasse are main resources of biomass which can be used to produce syngas. This paper deals with a simplified model of combined gasification of coal and biomass processes considering chemical ...

  • Agricultural Residuals Drive Producer-Owned Energy

    Farmer-owned renewable energy enterprises are increasing rapidly — with alternative fuels such as biodiesel, ethanol and distiller’s grains becoming mainstream. MINNESOTA is home to 16 ethanol plants generating approximately 550 million gallons per year. Most of these new facilities are producer-owned. Many others are under construction or are in the planning process. In 2005, Minnesota farmers ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Good Agricultural Practice in the United States: Conservation and Climate

    Keywords: Good agricultural practice, conservation compliance, conservation incentives, land retirement, working land, sustainable agriculture, US agricultural policy, climate change and agriculture Abstract: Agriculture depends on the environment for production of food and fibre, yet agricultural activities may emit harmful pollutants. US law and policy encourage ...


  • North American agriculture: its contribution to the green house effect

    This paper assesses the effect of agricultural systems and changing input use in North American agriculture on CO2 emissions. These emissions are linked to the greenhouse effect. In the early part of the 20th century, there was a significant increase in CO2 emissions as a large amount of land was diverted from its grassland state into cultivated cropland. CO2 emissions from North American ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Uncertainties in current knowledge of atmospheric trace gases associated with US agriculture

    Approximately 80 different crop species are grown in the United States in widely differing geographic areas, climatic and edaphic conditions, and management practices. Although the majority of cultivated acreage in the United States is planted with only about 10 primary crops, uncertainties associated with trace gas emissions arise from: (1) limited data availability, (2) inaccurate estimates ...

  • Seasonal changes in the performance of a catch crop for mitigating diffuse agricultural pollution

    An in situ technology for mitigating diffuse agricultural pollution using catch crops was developed for simultaneously preventing nitrate groundwater pollution, reducing nitrous oxide (N2O) gas emissions, and removing salts from the topsoil. Seasonal changes in the performance of a catch crop were investigated using lysimeters in a full-scale greenhouse experiment with 50 d ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Utilisation of sugarcane agricultural residues: electricity production and climate mitigation

    This paper deals with the potentials and opportunities of Sugarcane Agricultural Residues (SARs) for green power production in sugarcane-growing countries. It focuses on the possibilities of cofiring SARs with sugarcane bagasse, a similar physicochemical resource which is currently being commercially converted into electricity in state-of-the-art cogeneration plants. It also assesses the climate ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Research highlights cattle emissions reduction opportunity

    Researchers in Denmark have measured the quantities of greenhouse gases in the breath of dairy cows and demonstrated a heritable variability between individual animals. “This means that we have an opportunity to select for breeding those individuals which will produce offspring that generate less methane,” says Dr Jan Lassen who led the research project on individual methane ...


    By Gasmet Technologies Oy

  • The effects of season and agriculture on nitrous oxide production in headwater streams

    Received for publication January 3, 2008. Streams and rivers are a globally significant source of nitrous oxide (N2O), a potent greenhouse gas. However, there remains much uncertainty in the magnitude of N2O emissions from these sources, partly due to an incomplete understanding of the factors that control microbial N2O production in lotic sediments. During 2004–2005 we measured sediment N2O ...

  • Carbon Sequestration: Addressing Climate Change and Food Security through Sustainable Agriculture

    Introduction To meet the demands of a growing, increasingly urban global population (approximately 9 billion by 2050), the World Bank calculates that global food production must increase by 70% in the next 35 years. This is a great challenge not only because of the volume of food that must be produced, but because agricultural conditions will not remain constant or predicable ...


    By Climate Institute

  • Soil water content and soil disaggregation by disking affects PM10 emissions

    Row crop agriculture in California's San Joaquin Valley is a major contributor of particulate matter <10 µm in aerodynamic diameter (PM10). The California Air Resources Board uses fixed PM10 emission values for various tillage operations to monitor and design attainment strategies. However, fixed emission values do not reflect emissions produced by a single implement operating under different ...

  • Evaluation of an operational method for the estimation of emissions of nitrogen compounds for a group of farms

    The aim of this article is to evaluate a practical method for estimating nitrogen emissions on the scale of a group of farms, to be used in Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). The method rests on the estimation of nitrogen inputs and outputs to calculate the surplus of the annual nitrogen balance on the scale of a farm. The different gaseous nitrogen losses (NH3, NO, N2O, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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