agriculture history Articles

  • A History of Massey Ferguson Tractors

    We’ve recently acquired an old Massey Ferguson tractor, a MF35X. It’s a project we’re undertaking here at Farm Tech to restore it to its former glory and get this old workhorse running again. From our research we’ve discovered that our Little Red Fergie is a 60s child, production of this model in the UK started in 1962 from Massey Ferguson’s factor in Banner Lane ...


    By Farm Tech Supplies Ltd.

  • From Stygian Blackness to Community Asset: A History of the Trinity River

    There have been three periods of permanent human occupation of the Upper Trinity River basin. For most of the last 11,000 years only Native Americans have lived here. These first citizens hunted, fished and lived with nature … they made no substantive changes to the land or water resources … and they thought it would always be that way.The colonists began arriving in the mid-1800’s. They soon ...

  • Plant Sciences in Agriculture

    Plant pathogens Microorganisms, also called as microbes, live in every part of the biosphere, including soil, water, and air. Plant pathogens are the microbes that infect plants and cause diseases. In history, some plant diseases led to tremendous negative impacts on society. In 1845, potato blight disease was prevalent in all potato growing regions in Ireland. Phytophthora infestans, a ...

  • The emergence of urban agriculture: Sydney, Australia

    Across the world the phenomenon of urban agriculture (UA) is defining itself after emerging from a mainly grass-roots response, evidenced in the Sydney Metropolitan Region by the Hawkesbury Harvest phenomenon and the Sydney Food Fairness Alliance, to powerful global forces which are negatively and paradoxically impacting on the quality of life of urban and farming communities. In the developed ...

  • 10 messages for 2010 - agricultural ecosystems

    Introduction: biodiversity, agriculture and the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) Europe"s agricultural sector has received sustained public support under the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) over the last 50 years. This support has evolved alongside growing recognition and awareness of the strong links between agricultural production and biological diversity ...

  • Advisory Committee On Biotechnology And 21st Century Agriculture To Meet

    On November 19, 2015, USDA published a Notice of the Advisory Committee on Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture (AC21) Meeting in the Federal Register. The meeting will review the purpose, history, operational process, and member responsibilities of AC21; update committee members on relevant regulatory developments, ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Crop gene banks are preserving the future of agriculture. But who’s preserving them?

    As climate change makes crop diversity even more important, gene banks struggle to stay afloat. During the past few years of civil war in Syria, rebel fighters have destroyed Shia mosques and Christian graves, and burned and looted Christian churches while the Islamic State group has demolished priceless artifacts in the region. Nothing seemed sacred to the disparate ...


    By Ensia

  • Clothianidin in agricultural soils and uptake into corn pollen and canola nectar after multi‐year seed treatment applications

    Limited data are available on the fate of clothianidin under realistic agricultural production conditions. This is the first large‐scale assessment of clothianidin residues in soil and bee‐relevant matrices from corn and canola fields after multiple years of seed‐treatment use. The average soil concentration from 50 Midwest US corn fields with 2 to 11 years of planting clothianidin‐treated ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • A spatially and temporally explicit model for determining the exposure of juvenile salmon to agricultural pesticides in freshwater

    In this paper, we present a novel approach for determining the probable co‐occurrence of juvenile salmon or steelhead with agricultural pesticides and apply it to spring Chinook (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) salmon in the Willamette Basin, Oregon. We adapted a published exposure analysis framework by explicitly considering fish migration among habitat units and assuming that habitat use is ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Challenge and response in the Indus Basin

    The authors examine the complex history of the development of the Indus Basin and the challenges faced by Pakistan during the evolution of the Indus Basin Irrigation System and the country's responses to date. The Indus river system must meet the multiple needs of agriculture, energy and flood security. Pakistan's constitutional structure, in which the federation shares overall ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bedford Pumps` unique solution completes biggest M & E project for the Environment Agency

    Bedford Pumps Ltd has completed its largest project to date with the refurbishment of the pumps and MCC at Altmouth Pumping Station, situated at the mouth of the River Alt in Merseyside, England. The Altmouth Pumping Station reduces the risk of flooding to more than 9000 properties and provides protection to approximately 20 square miles of grade A agricultural land. The low-lying surrounding ...


    By Bedford Pumps Ltd

  • Biotechnology in New Zealand: its origins, present state and future directions

    This introductory paper describes the growth of biotechnology within New Zealand: from its origins in the agricultural sector to its present state of development with the role of public sector entrepreneurship being essential to this growth. The paper also describes future government strategy for the sector, together with opportunities and constraints revealed by various studies. Details are ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Field scale examination of neonicotinoid insecticide persistence in soil as a result of seed treatment use in commercial maize (corn) fields in Southwestern Ontario

    Neonicotinoid insecticides, especially as seed treatments, have raised concerns about environmental loading and impacts on pollinators, biodiversity and ecosystems. We measured concentrations of neonicotinoid residues in the top 5 cm of soil before planting of maize (corn) in 18 commercial fields with a history of neonicotinoid seed treatment use in southwestern Ontario in 2013 and 2014 using ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Summer dormancy in Australian perennial grasses: historical background, a simulation study, and current research

    The need for summer-dormant, perennial, temperate grass cultivars in Australia has increased since European-style agriculture arrived and began to push further inland into the drier pastoral zones. Early attempts to breed cultivars for marginal environments resulted in a few notable successes, but many failures resulted due to poor marketing, a lack of understanding of the environment, and ...

  • Release of transgenic bacterial inoculants - rhizobia as a case study

    The current debate on the release of genetically modified organisms to the environment must be informed by scientific data obtained from field studies. Many of the microorganisms that have potential applications outside the laboratory, especially in agriculture and horticulture, could be improved by genetic modification. Rhizobia, the bacteria that form N2-fixing symbioses with leguminous plants, ...


    By Springer

  • Water institutional reforms in Morocco

    ABSTRACT Using a teleological perspective and an analytical categorization of the history of water institutions in Morocco, this paper aims to review and evaluate the institutional reforms in the country in the light of the results and hypotheses presented in some recent literature on the subject. The review suggests that considering their overall thrust and direction, the institutional ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Breeding and use of summer-dormant grasses in Southern Australia, with special reference to phalaris

    The adaptation of introduced perennial grasses in southern Australia expanded with the discovery of the Mediterranean grass phalaris (Phalaris aquatica L.) as a valuable pasture species, and the introduction of Mediterranean ecotypes of orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.), and tall fescue [Lolium arundinaceum (Schreb.) Darbysh.] displaying summer dormancy. In contrast, native grasses of ...

  • Mastering biological industrialisation: a social challenge

    Built largely upon age-old practices and social customs, biological knowledge mobilised both in agriculture and the field of health escaped, for a long time, uniformisation, and thus privatisation. Until recently, in effect, the heterogeneity of practices and social organisations favoured a wide dispersion of production techniques. Price systems and modes of appropriation further strengthened ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Achieving financial sustainability and recovering costs in bank financed water supply and sanitation and irrigation projects

    This note is a partial response to the above mentioned 2010 Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) evaluation. It covers the specific issues to be addressed in the Water supply and Sanitation (WSS) sector and in the irrigation sector in two distinct parts, because if WSS and irrigation have some common features, there are many distinctions to be made. Among the various water-using sectors, that ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Losing Soil

    In 1938, Walter Lowdermilk, a senior official in the Soil Conservation Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, traveled abroad to look at lands that had been cultivated for thousands of years, seeking to learn how these older civilizations had coped with soil erosion. He found that some had managed their land well, maintaining its fertility over long stretches of history, and were ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

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