agriculture history Articles

  • Challenge and response in the Indus Basin

    The authors examine the complex history of the development of the Indus Basin and the challenges faced by Pakistan during the evolution of the Indus Basin Irrigation System and the country's responses to date. The Indus river system must meet the multiple needs of agriculture, energy and flood security. Pakistan's constitutional structure, in which the federation shares overall ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The emergence of urban agriculture: Sydney, Australia

    Across the world the phenomenon of urban agriculture (UA) is defining itself after emerging from a mainly grass-roots response, evidenced in the Sydney Metropolitan Region by the Hawkesbury Harvest phenomenon and the Sydney Food Fairness Alliance, to powerful global forces which are negatively and paradoxically impacting on the quality of life of urban and farming communities. In the developed ...

  • Field scale examination of neonicotinoid insecticide persistence in soil as a result of seed treatment use in commercial maize (corn) fields in Southwestern Ontario

    Neonicotinoid insecticides, especially as seed treatments, have raised concerns about environmental loading and impacts on pollinators, biodiversity and ecosystems. We measured concentrations of neonicotinoid residues in the top 5 cm of soil before planting of maize (corn) in 18 commercial fields with a history of neonicotinoid seed treatment use in southwestern Ontario in 2013 and 2014 using ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Editorial Viewpoint: 'Making science and technology work for the poor'

    This viewpoint piece argues that, as currently organised, research and development (R&D) systems both public and private do not necessarily respond well to the needs of poor people in developing countries. Despite all the hype about the potentials of Science and Technology for reducing poverty, there are many missed opportunities. Very often poor and marginalised people across the global south do ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • From Stygian Blackness to Community Asset: A History of the Trinity River

    There have been three periods of permanent human occupation of the Upper Trinity River basin. For most of the last 11,000 years only Native Americans have lived here. These first citizens hunted, fished and lived with nature … they made no substantive changes to the land or water resources … and they thought it would always be that way.The colonists began arriving in the mid-1800’s. They soon ...

  • Clothianidin in agricultural soils and uptake into corn pollen and canola nectar after multi‐year seed treatment applications

    Limited data are available on the fate of clothianidin under realistic agricultural production conditions. This is the first large‐scale assessment of clothianidin residues in soil and bee‐relevant matrices from corn and canola fields after multiple years of seed‐treatment use. The average soil concentration from 50 Midwest US corn fields with 2 to 11 years of planting clothianidin‐treated ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Biotechnology in New Zealand: its origins, present state and future directions

    This introductory paper describes the growth of biotechnology within New Zealand: from its origins in the agricultural sector to its present state of development with the role of public sector entrepreneurship being essential to this growth. The paper also describes future government strategy for the sector, together with opportunities and constraints revealed by various studies. Details are ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Achieving financial sustainability and recovering costs in bank financed water supply and sanitation and irrigation projects

    This note is a partial response to the above mentioned 2010 Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) evaluation. It covers the specific issues to be addressed in the Water supply and Sanitation (WSS) sector and in the irrigation sector in two distinct parts, because if WSS and irrigation have some common features, there are many distinctions to be made. Among the various water-using sectors, that ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A spatially and temporally explicit model for determining the exposure of juvenile salmon to agricultural pesticides in freshwater

    In this paper, we present a novel approach for determining the probable co‐occurrence of juvenile salmon or steelhead with agricultural pesticides and apply it to spring Chinook (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) salmon in the Willamette Basin, Oregon. We adapted a published exposure analysis framework by explicitly considering fish migration among habitat units and assuming that habitat use is ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Plant Sciences in Agriculture

    Plant pathogens Microorganisms, also called as microbes, live in every part of the biosphere, including soil, water, and air. Plant pathogens are the microbes that infect plants and cause diseases. In history, some plant diseases led to tremendous negative impacts on society. In 1845, potato blight disease was prevalent in all potato growing regions in Ireland. Phytophthora infestans, a ...

  • 10 messages for 2010 - agricultural ecosystems

    Introduction: biodiversity, agriculture and the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) Europe"s agricultural sector has received sustained public support under the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) over the last 50 years. This support has evolved alongside growing recognition and awareness of the strong links between agricultural production and biological diversity ...

  • Advisory Committee On Biotechnology And 21st Century Agriculture To Meet

    On November 19, 2015, USDA published a Notice of the Advisory Committee on Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture (AC21) Meeting in the Federal Register. The meeting will review the purpose, history, operational process, and member responsibilities of AC21; update committee members on relevant regulatory developments, ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Breeding and use of summer-dormant grasses in Southern Australia, with special reference to phalaris

    The adaptation of introduced perennial grasses in southern Australia expanded with the discovery of the Mediterranean grass phalaris (Phalaris aquatica L.) as a valuable pasture species, and the introduction of Mediterranean ecotypes of orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.), and tall fescue [Lolium arundinaceum (Schreb.) Darbysh.] displaying summer dormancy. In contrast, native grasses of ...

  • Water institutional reforms in Morocco

    ABSTRACT Using a teleological perspective and an analytical categorization of the history of water institutions in Morocco, this paper aims to review and evaluate the institutional reforms in the country in the light of the results and hypotheses presented in some recent literature on the subject. The review suggests that considering their overall thrust and direction, the institutional ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Legislating for Sustainable Basin Management: The Story of Australia`s Water Act 2007

    The paper covers the history and current reform process in Australia’s Murray-Darling Basin that aims to rebalance water use from one dominated by irrigation for agriculture, where the environment bears most of the risk during a drought, to one in which the risk of drought is shared more equitably between irrigators and ecosystems. The reform was controversial, as it acquired private water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Learning about sustainable agriculture

    For almost 20 years the Orange campus of firstly the University of Sydney and now Charles Sturt University has been teaching Australian and overseas students about sustainable agriculture. The course is offered as a post graduate Masters course and students spend 18 months at the campus as internal students although many of the Australian students study it by distance mode. The following ...

  • Release of transgenic bacterial inoculants - rhizobia as a case study

    The current debate on the release of genetically modified organisms to the environment must be informed by scientific data obtained from field studies. Many of the microorganisms that have potential applications outside the laboratory, especially in agriculture and horticulture, could be improved by genetic modification. Rhizobia, the bacteria that form N2-fixing symbioses with leguminous plants, ...


    By Springer

  • A History of Massey Ferguson Tractors

    We’ve recently acquired an old Massey Ferguson tractor, a MF35X. It’s a project we’re undertaking here at Farm Tech to restore it to its former glory and get this old workhorse running again. From our research we’ve discovered that our Little Red Fergie is a 60s child, production of this model in the UK started in 1962 from Massey Ferguson’s factor in Banner Lane ...


    By Farm Tech Supplies Ltd.

  • Effects of the boscalid fungicide Filan® on the marine amphipod Allorchestes compressa at environmentally relevant concentrations

    Fungicides are widely used in agriculture to control fungal diseases. After application, fungicides can be transported offsite to surface and ground water and ultimately enter estuarine/marine environments. The presence of fungicides in the marine environment may pose risks to marine organisms but little is known about fungicide effects on these organisms, especially invertebrates. The present ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Losing Soil

    In 1938, Walter Lowdermilk, a senior official in the Soil Conservation Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, traveled abroad to look at lands that had been cultivated for thousands of years, seeking to learn how these older civilizations had coped with soil erosion. He found that some had managed their land well, maintaining its fertility over long stretches of history, and were ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

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