agriculture irrigation system Articles

  • Impacts of different water tariff reforms on rural livelihood and water and public resource in India: the case of Haryana producers

    Since 1991, India has been undertaking a process of liberalisation of the agricultural sector. This process threatens to affect the irrigation patterns by introducing a system of payment for the electricity used for pumping, but it may prevent the wastage of the water resource. In this paper, a mathematical model is used to simulate farmers' reactions to different water policy scenarios in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Impacts of housing development on nutrients flow along canals in a peri-urban area of Bangkok, Thailand

    Change of nutrients load and flow according to land-use change induced by housing development was investigated in Bang Yai, Nonthaburi, Thailand, which located in the peri-urban area of Bangkok. Each house in the newly developed residential community was regulated to be equipped with a septic tank to collect night soil. However, greywater and leachate from the septic tank was collected by a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Spatial mapping of complex turfgrass sites: site-specific management units and protocols

    Site-specific management units (SSMUs), similar in soil, plant, and irrigation requirements, are foundational to efficient management in precision agriculture. This concept is applied to management of complex turfgrass sites to improve irrigation practices. An experimental mobile unit mapped two golf fairways' turfgrass (Paspalum vaginatum SW.; ‘Salam’) in Naples, FL in summer 2006 on a 2.5 m ...

  • Is water trading policy an effective solution for water allocation in Voshmgir dam?

    The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness of water trading policy as a solution for optimal use of water between farmers in Voshmgir dam, Iran. For assessment, four villages were selected and two water allocation programs under non-trading and trading systems were designed by two-stage stochastic programming technique and uncertainties expressed as intervals and probability ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Plan B 4.0 by the numbers - data highlights on the global food supply

    World agriculture today faces pressure from many sources. On the production side, the amount of unused arable and worldwide has dwindled. Overworked soils are becoming eroded and degraded, and overpumped aquifers are being depleted. Meanwhile, as the global population grows and increasing biofuel production converts grain into fuel for cars, demand for food continues to climb. In Chapters 2 and 9 ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Green pointe farms - case study

    Improving Irrigation ROI Through Efficient Pumping Solutions Saving Energy, Water and Labor When fourth-generation Othello, Wash., farmer AJ Ochoa decided to upgrade his irrigation and water pumping system, he turned to a team of professionals from Lindsay and its subsidiary Watertronics, to help design and install one of the most efficient and ...


    By Lindsay Corporation

  • Watertronics Dee river ranch case study

    The Future of Irrigated Agriculture Lindsay’s complete solution from pump to pivot Summary The 10,000-acre Dee River Ranch near Aliceville, Alabama, is an example of the future of farming on display today. Owned by Annie Dee, her brother Mike Dee, and their 10 brothers and sisters, Dee River Ranch is located near the Mississippi-Alabama state line. ...


    By Lindsay Corporation

  • How to grow more food with less water

    Scientists and farmers collaborate on a quest for more efficient irrigation This story was co-published with Civil Eats, a daily news source for critical thought about the American food system. From reading the weather to choosing a ...


    By Ensia

  • Challenge and response in the Indus Basin

    The authors examine the complex history of the development of the Indus Basin and the challenges faced by Pakistan during the evolution of the Indus Basin Irrigation System and the country's responses to date. The Indus river system must meet the multiple needs of agriculture, energy and flood security. Pakistan's constitutional structure, in which the federation shares overall ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Development of a regionally sensitive water‐productivity indicator to identify sustainable practices for sugarcane growers

    Standards that credibly and effectively certify sustainable commodity production are important to both producers and consumers. Agriculture is the dominant user of water worldwide, so water sustainability in agriculture is an area of particular interest. In conjunction with Bonsucro, a sustainability standard setting body for the sugarcane sector, an indicator was developed to ensure that ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Adaptation to climate change impacts on crop water requirements in Kikafu catchment, Tanzania

    Agricultural activities are the main livelihood for about 70% of Tanzania's population, with women being the main players. Crops need water (crop water requirements, CWRs) for their growth and production, which can either be rain-fed or irrigation sourced. However, climate change has affected the hydrological cycle, particularly water available for agricultural crops. Since impacts and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Cattail plants’ Biomass as a bulking agent in sewage Sludge composting and the effect of the produced Compost on cattail plants’ Growth

    In every Greek island there is at least one town with more than 20,000 inhabitants. Several smaller towns and villages range from a few hundreds to a few thousands in population. Usually in the larger towns there are sewage treatment facilities providing at least secondary treatment of wastewater. In most cases the effluent produced is drained to the sea and the sludge is dumped in landfills. In ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Got Milk? Got Wastewater Too! Treatment of Dairy Processing Wastewater

    ABSTRACTA major dairy processing operation owned and operated by the Michigan Milk Producers Association (MMPA) located in central lower Michigan was required to design and construct a process wastewater treatment plant within a 14 month period. The system is sized to treat up to 0.5 MGD of dairy processing wastewater at a biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) concentration up to 1,846 mg/L. Effluent ...

  • Dietary changes could help India save water, reduce greenhouse gases

    Residents of India should be changing their diets to help conserve water and decrease greenhouse gas emissions, according to a recent study. This is the first study of the ramifications of people changing their food habits to conserve water. The nation’s population is expected to rise to 1.6 billion by 2050. This increase in population (and increase in food demand) is projected to reduce ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Common pool resources and communal control: empirical evidence from Himachal Pradesh, India

    The Sirmour district, Himachal Pradesh, India, lies in the western Himalayan range. Mixed-farming is the main occupation in the mid-hills and basically consists of agriculture, livestock and forest produces. Hence, communal forests (mushtarka), common grazing lands (ghasnies) and gravity-flow irrigation systems (kuhl) were found to be the three major common pool resources in the villages of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Embodied Energy in the Water Cycle

    The importance and connection between energy production, energy use and water reclamation cannot be overstated. It’s primarily a relationship that was born out of our need to re-engineer nature and develop energy sources for the industrial revolution. Water power was synonymous with agricultural irrigation, industrial mills and building dams to create water storage reservoirs for potable ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Can water use efficiency be modeled well enough to impact crop management?

    Crop water use efficiency (WUE, yield per unit of water use) is key for agricultural production with limited water resources. Policymakers and water resource managers working at all scales need to address the multitudinous scenarios in which cropping systems and amounts, timing and methods of irrigation, and fertilizer applications may be changed to improve WUE while meeting yield and harvest ...

  • Crops flourish with Scalewatcher

    Water is an essential component of horticulture and agriculture whether it is used for irrigating field-scale vegetables, nursery stock, flowers or fruit.  Where water contains high degrees of calcium, magnesium and sodium, it can cause nutrient deficiency in plants and crops resulting in stunted growth and poor yields. Calcium also blocks irrigation systems and boilers in heated ...

  • Green Innovation Fund Targets Farmers

    Reading Greenwise Business this week, we’ve learnt of a new fund available to small and medium-sized enterprises that are shown to be pioneering solutions to some of the problems currently facing the country’s farming, from water resource efficiency, through to pest control. The venture capital fund of an initial £9 million investment, called Agri-Innovation Venture Capital ...


    By ENDURAMAXX

  • Rising Temperature, Rising Food Prices

    Agriculture as it exists today developed over 11,000 years of rather remarkable climate stability. It has evolved to maximize production within that climate system. Now, suddenly, the climate is changing. With each passing year, the agricultural system is becoming more out of sync with the climate system. In generations past, when there was an extreme weather event, such as a monsoon failure in ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

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