agriculture irrigation well Articles

  • Arsenic in irrigated paddy soils

    Natural arsenic pollution of drinking water has been reported from over 70 countries world-wide, affecting an estimated 150 million people (Ravenscroft et. al., 2008). About 50 million of these people live in Bangladesh, 30 million in India and 33 million in six other countries of south and south-east Asia. It has recently been recognised that arsenic-contaminated groundwater used for irrigation ...

  • India's groundwater irrigation boom: can it be sustained?

    Development of groundwater irrigation (GWI) has been very impressive in India, especially after the introduction of the green revolution. The area under GWI accounts for 62% of the net irrigated area today. Though GWI provides added benefits to farmers, compared to other sources of irrigation, the continuous exploitation of groundwater of late has resulted in a drastic drop in the water table, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Risk analysis of wastewater reuse in agriculture

    Two of the main concerns for wastewater reuse in agricultural irrigation are environmental and human security. Different research studies and practices have been developed recently in order to quantify the risk of possible environmental contamination of surface and groundwater resources as well as the risk to public health from enteric viruses. Other, far from negligible, related ...

  • Special features of drip-sprinkler irrigation technology

    Irrigation techniques and technology based on principle of regular accumulation of moisture in active layer (surface irrigation, regular sprinkler irrigation) are most common in science and in practice. More progressive is principle of non-stop water supply of plants and soil in conformity to their water consumption. Drip irrigation and impulse sprinkling are based on this principle. The main ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Prospects of desalination for irrigation water in the Sultanate of Oman

    The most limiting factor for the agricultural sector in the Sultanate of Oman is a lack of water, and security of supply in terms of both quantity and quality. Salinization of both soils and groundwater systems along the coastal strip of Al-Batinah has placed a substantial burden on farmers regarding crop selection and, therefore, farm profitability. Desalination of brackish and seawaters ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A policy option for valuing irrigation water in the dry areas

    Participants at the international conference on policies for water and food security in the dry areas, held in June 2013, agreed that, given the fast pace of depletion of groundwater, the issue of water valuation in the dry areas is no longer one of whether or not, but rather of how. Policies that have been or are perceived to have adverse effects on the cost of agricultural production or food ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Why Drip Irrigation Design is Crucial to Your Success

    Drip irrigation is one of the most cost-effective and efficient watering methods in agriculture. It has become incredibly popular in the past 50-years and has been widely adopted by agriculturalists in dozens of countries throughout the world. In simple term, drip irrigation works by sending water through plastic pipes into drip emitters. These emitters are specifically designed to release water ...


    By KIM

  • Irrigation challenges in the sub-humid US Mid-South

    Irrigated area in the Mid-South USA continues to increase and now totals four million ha. Because of low available water holding capacities and shallow root-limiting layers in many soils, irrigation management is difficult. Water quality and water use efficiency impacts under irrigation are poorly understood, but comprehension is necessary if conversion from groundwater to surface water supplies ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Can drip irrigation keep the Prairie Profitable?

    The use of flood and center pivot irrigation of crops via the waters of the Ogallala Aquifer is as hot a discussion topic as the current drought. To many who mine the aquifer to make a living, trying to keep a profitable way of life sustainable in a time when the broader public is seeking more conservation of resources yet wanting inexpensive, plentiful and safe food is problematic. Perhaps it's ...


    By Netafim USA

  • Agriculture plant nursery application case studies

    Challenge A plant nursery company had water quality issues from the well water source that there were using for irrigation purposes in their plant growing operations. These water quality issues including total dissolved salts (TDS) around 2500 mg/l, as well as turbidity, mineral hardness and microbiological contaminants. The plants were slow growing. Solution ...

  • GWT Case Study - Agriculture Processing Sector

    Application Case Studies - Agriculture Plant Nursery Challenge A plant nursery company had water quality issues from the well water source that there were using for irrigation purposes in their plant growing operations. These water quality issues including total dissolved salts (TDS) around 2500 mg/l, as well as turbidity, mineral hardness ...

  • Can water use efficiency be modeled well enough to impact crop management?

    Crop water use efficiency (WUE, yield per unit of water use) is key for agricultural production with limited water resources. Policymakers and water resource managers working at all scales need to address the multitudinous scenarios in which cropping systems and amounts, timing and methods of irrigation, and fertilizer applications may be changed to improve WUE while meeting yield and harvest ...

  • Wastewater reuse for irrigation and seawater intrusion: evaluation of salinity effects on soils in Cyprus

    Climate change and the continuous population growth increase the demand for water, which in arid and semiarid regions, like the Mediterranean, is considered a limited resource. Future demands will not be met by traditional water resources like surface and groundwater. In order to handle increased water demand, the treated wastewater originating from municipal wastewater treatment plants is ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Can drip irrigation technology be socially beneficial? Evidence from Southern India

    Drip irrigation has received considerable attention from policy makers because of its significant contribution towards resource saving, enhanced agricultural productivity and environmental sustainability. This paper explores the potential benefits of drip irrigation adoption by addressing the social benefits and costs in Southern India. The study shows that adoption of drip irrigation technology ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Seasonal ammonia losses from spray-irrigation with secondary-treated recycled water

    This work examines ammonia volatilization associated with agricultural irrigation employing recycled water. Effluent from a secondary wastewater treatment plant was applied using a center pivot irrigation system on a 12 ha agricultural site in Palmdale, California. Irrigation water was captured in shallow pans and ammonia concentrations were quantified in four seasonal events. The average ammonia ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Lindsay Irrigation advances Watertronics AG Pump Stations case Study

    When AJ Ochoa, a fourth generation Othello, Wash. farmer pushed one button to start his new Watertronics® agricultural pump station, he became one of the first irrigators in the world to reap the benefits of a fully integrated pump and center pivot water control package. Even more important to Ochoa, he began realizing immediate and substantial reductions in energy, water and labor costs. ...


    By Lindsay Corporation

  • Unique Approach for Sizing a Reclaimed Water Spray Irrigation System Maximizes Benefits

    In 2004, the City of Raleigh Public Utilities Department (CORPUD) initiated a reclaimed water spray irrigation system project to irrigate approximately 130 acres of its existing 1,030-acre farmland used in the past to land apply Class B biosolids. Unlike typical land application or reclaimed water irrigation systems, the primary driver was not to minimize surface water discharge, but rather to ...

  • Large-scale irrigation - Understanding energy-water-food connections

    Original story at MIT News An MIT team is providing new understanding of the growing interconnections among three critical resources: energy, water and food. The work focuses on Pakistan's Indus Basin, where irrigation water is increasingly pumped from underground, a practice that is intensifying a preexisting shortage of energy. Using new and ...

  • Food and water insecurity: re-assessing the value of rainfed agriculture

    ABSTRACTRainfed agriculture has potential to produce needed cereals for the growing populations of West and Central Asia even though rainfed agriculture is perceived as risky. The value of rainfed agriculture to produce competitively should be re-assessed. This requires the concerted efforts of farmers, researchers, and policy makers to work on the technical factors that determine agricultural ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Groundwater nitrate and chloride trends in an agriculture-intensive area in southern Alberta, Canada

    The potential effect of manure management from livestock production on groundwater quality is an issue of concern. Groundwater sampling from a regional transect in southern Alberta, Canada, was conducted to determine changes in groundwater quality with time. The study area has extensive irrigation and a high density of confined feeding operations. Nitrate-N (NO3−-N) and chloride ...


    By IWA Publishing

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