agriculture light Articles

  • Relationship between light and heavy fractions of organic matter for several agricultural soils in China

    Although numerous studies about the nature and turnover of soil organic matter (SOM) in light and heavy fractions (LFOM and HFOM, respectively) have been made, little information is available in relation to the relationship between LFOM and HFOM, and no attempts have been made to quantify a general relationship between LFOM and HFOM for agricultural soils under field condition. Our hypothesis is ...


    By IOS Press

  • Review of agricultural water management policies in Near East and North African Region in light of water scarcity

    This paper explores the current debate about water management policies and the factors affecting their formulation and implementation in the arid and semi–arid zones of the Near East and North African Region (NENAR). In this context, relevant and significant experiences of other countries in the world facing similar challenges are also considered (Sachdeva, 2009). The literature pertaining to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Paradigms and paradoxes of agricultural risk governance

    Essential requirements of council directives and legal provisions in medical feedstuffs are not satisfied in Germany. The 'Schweinemastskandal' (intensive pig breeding scandal) sheds light on the various stakeholders that exploit ambiguous EU regulatory control structures through the use of hazardous feeding stuff and prophylactic prohibited medication. This case helps the understanding of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Shedding Light on Land Tenure in Africa

    Land and natural resources lie at the heart of social, political, and economic life in much of rural Africa. They represent fundamental assets—primary sources of livelihood, nutrition, income, wealth, and employment for African communities—and are a basis for security, status, social identity, and political relations. For many rural people, land and resources such as water, trees, and ...

  • Wastewater retreatment and reuse system for agricultural irrigation in rural villages

    Climate changes and continuous population growth increase water demands that will not be met by traditional water resources, like surface and ground water. To handle increased water demand, treated municipal wastewater is offered to farmers for agricultural irrigation. This study aimed to enhance the effluent quality from worn-out sewage treatment facilities in rural villages, retreat effluent ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Solar energy utilisation efficiency in environment-controlled agriculture in China

    In the light of an analysis of the solar radiation and temperature resources in different part of China, this paper classifies Environment-Controlled Agriculture (ECA) in China into zones and briefly introduces the feature of each zone. Meanwhile, features of different ECA types such as heliogreenhouse, plastic arched shed, adumbral net and their contributions to increasing solar energy ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • LED Grow Lights Case Study – Cajun Belle Peppers

    Grow Journal Of Cajun Belle Peppers Under LED Grow Lights This cajun belle pepper grow journal uses our VF150 150 watt led grow light. The grow space is 2×3 ft although this single pepper plant takes up about 18×30 inches. It was started from transplant on 5/28/13. The ...


    By Veggie Fresh LED

  • New market channels for a non-food agricultural product. The development of an alternative supply chain for the bergamot citrus in Calabria, Italy

    The bergamot, a typical fruit of the Italian region of Calabria, contains an essence that is a basic component for the perfume industry. In the last decades bergamot sector declined dramatically, because of the introduction of an artificial substitute of the essence and for the producers' fragmentation. After describing the evolution of the industry and of the supply-chain structure, the paper ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Herb layer productivity under different light gaps in the forests of Western Ghats of Karnataka, India

    A productivity estimation of tree, shrub and herb layer biomass was undertaken in Uttara Kannada, a Western Ghats district in Karnataka in differentially managed forests. In addition to biomass, light gap in these sample sites was also estimated to understand the relationship between the light interception pattern at different canopy layers and their productivity. The studies indicate that tree ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Top 5 Farm Safety Tips just in time for Canadian Agricultural Safety Week

    Farm safety is a serious concern. Between hazardous farm equipment and sometimes erratic livestock, our frontline producers live in a very dangerous world. However, while farms are one of the most risky places to work, farm safety doesn’t always get the attention it deserves. That’s part of the reason the Canadian ...


    By Intelex Technologies Inc.

  • Evaluating cumulative effects of anthropogenic inputs in Prince Edward Island estuaries using the mummichog (Fundulus heteroclitus)

    Estuarine eutrophication as a result of agricultural land use including the use of chemical fertilizers is increasing worldwide. Prince Edward Island, Canada has very high agricultural intensity by international standards with approximately 44% of the land area under production, and some watersheds in excess of 75% agricultural land‐use. The type of agriculture is also intensive with primarily ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Supply- and demand-side management of water in Gujarat, India: what can we learn?

    Agriculture in Gujarat has grown rapidly over the last decade, driven at least partly by diversification to high value crops and dairying. High value agriculture requires better water control and offers higher returns for irrigation. Farmers, farm communities and the state government in Gujarat have responded to this requirement by implementing large-scale water supply and demand management ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Measurement of photosynthetic performance in crop plants under South African climatic conditions

    A key objective of the research conducted by Dr Riekert van Heerden (riekert.vanheerden@nwu.ac.za) at North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa and Drs Kobie de Ronde (and team members) and Joseph Asiwe at the Agricultural Research Council (ARC–Vegetable and Ornamental Plant Institute & ARC–Grain Crop Institute) is to increase the production of crops important for the ...


    By PP Systems

  • Green Innovation Fund Targets Farmers

    Reading Greenwise Business this week, we’ve learnt of a new fund available to small and medium-sized enterprises that are shown to be pioneering solutions to some of the problems currently facing the country’s farming, from water resource efficiency, through to pest control. The venture capital fund of an initial £9 million investment, called Agri-Innovation Venture Capital ...


    By ENDURAMAXX

  • Water institutional reforms in South Africa

    ABSTRACT A comprehensive program of water institutional reforms has been implemented in South Africa since 1994. These reforms followed some major reform on the political and economic fronts. The institutional changes that occurred in the water sector covered the policy legal, and organizational dimensions of water allocation and management and affected all water sub-sectors including ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water institutional reforms in Morocco

    ABSTRACT Using a teleological perspective and an analytical categorization of the history of water institutions in Morocco, this paper aims to review and evaluate the institutional reforms in the country in the light of the results and hypotheses presented in some recent literature on the subject. The review suggests that considering their overall thrust and direction, the institutional ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • China: The South-North Water Transfer Project-is it justified?

    The South–North Water Transfer Project (SNWTP), if fully developed, could divert 40–50 km3/yr from the Yangtse basin to the North China plain, alleviating water scarcity for 300–325M people living in what even then will be a highly water-stressed region. Construction of the next stage, diverting up to 20 km3 at a cost of about $17,000M (including $7000M in ancillary costs), is to start in 2002/3. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Dutch dealer creates Tricycle Valtra for customer

    In early March we visited W. and J. Schutte on their arable farm in Nagele, the Netherlands. The agricultural countryside in the Northeast Polder region is beautiful, and the sun is shining. The company is making itself ready for the first fieldwork in springtime. The previous day the Schuttes took delivery of two new Valtra N143 HiTech3 tractors, but they are not identical; on one, the front ...

  • Assessing agroforestry`s advantages

    Agroforestry, the deliberate placement of trees into crop and livestock operations, can help capture substantial amounts of carbon on agricultural lands while providing production and conservation benefits. However, we currently lack tools for accurately estimating current and projected carbon values in these systems. In North America, windbreaks are an effective carbon-capturing option. Only ...

  • Nitrogen recommendations for corn: An on-the-go sensor compared with current recommendation methods

    Precision agriculture technologies provide the capability to spatially vary N fertilizer applied to corn (Zea mays L.), potentially improving N use efficiency. The focus of this study was to evaluate the potential of improving N recommendations based on crop canopy reflectance. Corn was grown at four field sites in each of 2 yr in Centre County, Pennsylvania. Preplant treatments included: zero ...

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