agriculture model Articles

  • Paradigms and paradoxes of agricultural risk governance

    Essential requirements of council directives and legal provisions in medical feedstuffs are not satisfied in Germany. The 'Schweinemastskandal' (intensive pig breeding scandal) sheds light on the various stakeholders that exploit ambiguous EU regulatory control structures through the use of hazardous feeding stuff and prophylactic prohibited medication. This case helps the understanding of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Integrated modelling of a coupled water-agricultural system using system dynamics

    An integrated System Dynamics Model for the water-stressed Rosetta region, Egypt, assessing water balance, and agricultural yield and revenue to 2050, is presented. The study uses 57 simulations to better understand impacts on water, food and economic security and their interactions, in order to highlight potential pathways towards a more sustainable future for the Rosetta region. Current water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The Importance of Scales in the Agricultural & Farming Industry

    Weighing scales are essential and necessary equipment required for a wide range of applications. Whether intended for personal, industrial or commercial use, they serve one important function – providing accurate weight measurements for varied loads. In the agricultural sector, scales are indispensable tools and without them, it would be almost impossible to manage farms or carry out trade! ...


    By Quality Scales Unlimited

  • Hierarchical modelling applied to agriculture: wheat planting decisions in the Pacific Northwest

    This paper presents a hierarchical decision model that predicted Alturas soft white spring wheat would be the best spring wheat variety to plant in the Pacific Northwest in 2006. Profitability depends on changing market demands and competition with other crops. The challenge of wheat farming is sustaining profitability. A four level hierarchical decision model approach was selected for this ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Public-goods oriented agricultural business models with higher awareness

    The concept of our paper is based on the recognition, that environment safety and food safety is jointly influenced by the farming system and intensity of farming on the basis of given conditions. Therefore, the complete agricultural system and structure needs remodelling in order to create a management that is based on the sensitivity, stress-counteracting ability, production potential of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assessing the prediction capacity of an agricultural supply positive mathematical programming model

    In this paper, the calibration and prediction capacity of a supply response positive mathematical programming model (PMP) for the Alentejo region are evaluated. The model is calibrated with prices and agricultural subsidies of the base year (2000), using the specification rules of the cost function standard, Paris standard, average cost and exogenous elasticities. Then, the model is utilised for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Optimisation of water pricing in the Greek agricultural sector

    The agricultural sector is a dominant one in the Greek economy and thus attracts the scientific interest. Water is significant for a cultivation’s productivity and consequently for the agricultural income. Water pricing as a result has become a subject of extended study. The present study refers to the Greek agricultural economy and suggests a macroeconomic model, through which the optimisation ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Farm planning in nitrate sensitive agricultural areas

    One of the main aims of the Rural Development Plan under the EU Common Agricultural Policy is the protection of nitrate sensitive areas through agri–environmental schemes. This paper presents a mathematical programming model for farm planning in agricultural areas that are sensitive to nitrates. A bilevel linear programming (BLP) model is developed, that can achieve the optimal farm production ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The Effect of Off-farm Work on the Intensity of Agricultural Production

    Changes in agricultural production methods have been associated with environmental pressure and a loss of natural habitats. This paper explores the extent to which farmer participation in off-farm work (an increasing phenomenon in most developed countries) changes the intensity of agricultural input use focusing, in particular, on fertilizer and crop protection product use. A sample selection ...


    By Springer

  • Sustainable agriculture and water quality control: a structural approach

    This paper reports on research empirically focused on the Brittany region in France, its agricultural sector and the impacts of agricultural activity on water quality. Our goal was to define and estimate indicators that illustrate the confrontation between environmental performance and economic cost criteria, in the context of a comparative scenario analysis related to the growth and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The Importance Pressure Management on Agricultural Irrigation Applications

    Irrigation systems world wide are dependent on sound pressure management techniques which are normally incorporated at the design phase of the project. This holds true whether you are designing agricultural irrigation systems incorporating drip, micro spray, sprinkler or pivot systems and has similar ramifications for turf irrigation or even golf course irrigation systems. Automatic ...


    By Singer Valve Inc.

  • Nitrous oxide emission from agricultural soils

    Anthropogenic nitrogen loading, particularly fertiliser usage in agricultural soils is thought to be a potentially important source of nitrous oxide (N2O) emission, which can be controlled by properly managed fertiliser usage. In this research, laboratory scale experiments were conducted to evaluate N2O production and emission from ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Agricultural Robotic Market to Reach $16.3 billion by 2020

    Agricultural Robots: Market Shares, Strategies, and Forecasts, Worldwide, 2014-2020 - The 2014 study has 430 pages, 236 tables and figures. Worldwide markets are poised to achieve significant growth as the agricultural robots are used in every aspect of farming, milking, food production, and animal control to implement automated process for the industry. Browse report @ ...


  • Household water constraints and agricultural labour productivity in Tanzania

    While previous research has analysed the links between drinking water access and health, and to some extent between health and agriculture, the direct impact of household water access on agricultural productivity has hardly been studied. We address this research gap, using survey data from Tanzania. Regression models show that water access constraints significantly decrease labour productivity ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Breaking the dilemma of agricultural water fee collection in China

    Low agricultural water fee collection rates are a problem commonly faced by many developing countries and this is a problem faced by China as it enters the new century. There are two main problem-solving strategies used in different areas of China: increasing the water fee collection rate, or exempting people from paying the water fee. In those areas where the first strategy is pursued, local ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of nitrogen and phosphorus criteria for streams in agricultural landscapes

    Efforts to control eutrophication of water resources in agriculturally dominated ecosystems have focused on managing on-farm activities to reduce nutrient loss; however, another management measure for improving water quality is adoption of environmental performance criteria (or ‘outcome-based standards’). Here, we review approaches for setting environmental quality criteria for nutrients, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Climate Smart Agriculture: Zambia’s Strategy to Reduce Emissions

    The agricultural sector is believed to be the backbone of the Zambian economy thereby alleviating problems associated with poverty and food security. The development of the sector is viewed as one sustainable way of economic growth and ‘Eradicating Extreme Poverty and Hunger’ which is goal number one of the Millennium Development Goals (UN, 2000). The sector contributes to the growth ...


    By TractorExport

  • A spatially and temporally explicit model for determining the exposure of juvenile salmon to agricultural pesticides in freshwater

    In this paper, we present a novel approach for determining the probable co‐occurrence of juvenile salmon or steelhead with agricultural pesticides and apply it to spring Chinook (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) salmon in the Willamette Basin, Oregon. We adapted a published exposure analysis framework by explicitly considering fish migration among habitat units and assuming that habitat use is ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Modelling Common Agricultural Policy–Water Framework Directive interactions and cost-effectiveness of measures to reduce nitrogen pollution

    Selecting cost-effective measures to regulate agricultural water pollution to conform to the Water Framework Directive presents multiple challenges. A bio-economic modelling approach is presented that has been used to explore the water quality and economic effects of the 2003 Common Agricultural Policy Reform and to assess the cost-effectiveness of input quotas and emission standards against ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Land use change and the multifunctional role of agriculture: a spatial prediction model in an Italian rural area

    Land use and cover change are very complex phenomena, based on relationships among environmental, social and economic factors. Moreover, its analysis could be highly valuable for predicting the effects of land use change and for planning a policy intervention able to steer agricultural activities towards sustainability. We implemented a spatial prediction model of agricultural land use changes ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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