agriculture pathogen Articles

  • Detection of universal GMOs marker 35S-Promoter and tNOS-Terminator by using qTOWER 2.2, real-time PCR

    1. Introduction Due to dramatically increment of human population, many countries realized that food insufficiency will be a big issue during the next decade. To improve agriculture and livestock, they started producing genetically modified organisms (GMO) with high productivity of yield and a resistance to insects and pathogenic ...


    By Analytik Jena AG

  • Trichosporon species isolated from guano samples obtained from bat-inhabited caves in Japan

    Department of Microbiology, Meiji Pharmaceutical University, Kiose, Tokyo 204-8588, Japan, Department of Infectious Diseases, Tokyo Women's Medical University School of Medicine, Tokyo 162-8666, Japan, Teikyo University Institute of Medical Mycology, Tokyo 192-0395, Japan, Department of Geography, Faculty of Science, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Tokyo 192-0397, Japan, Department of Applied ...

  • The efficacy of disinfectants against plant pathogens

    In late 2015, a journal article from the European Journal of Plant Pathology was published on research regarding the efficacy of different disinfectants against plant pathogens in irrigation water. All testing as done by the Department of Primary Industries here in Australia for the horticulture and agriculture industries.  The disinfectants tested included chlorine, chlorine dioxide (using ...


    By NW Solutions

  • Advances in control of postharvest diseases in tropical fresh produce

    With increased global trade, fresh produce is increasingly being moved over vast distances to foreign markets. This requires effective cold chain and product management practices to ensure premium quality fresh produce with increased shelf life. Product safety has now also become an additional minimum requirement for market entry. Producers should therefore take cognisance of the impact ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Managing waste from confined animal feeding operations in the United States: the need for sanitary reform

    Confined food-animal operations in the United States produce more than 40 times the amount of waste than human biosolids generated from US wastewater treatment plants. Unlike biosolids, which must meet regulatory standards for pathogen levels, vector attraction reduction and metal content, no treatment is required of waste from animal agriculture. This omission is of concern based on dramatic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Wastewater retreatment and reuse system for agricultural irrigation in rural villages

    Climate changes and continuous population growth increase water demands that will not be met by traditional water resources, like surface and ground water. To handle increased water demand, treated municipal wastewater is offered to farmers for agricultural irrigation. This study aimed to enhance the effluent quality from worn-out sewage treatment facilities in rural villages, retreat effluent ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reclaimed municipal wastewater for forage production

    This study aims to evaluate the possibility of using reclaimed municipal wastewater for agricultural purpose. We assessed the validity of municipal wastewater treatment, analyzing its chemical characteristics before and after the biological stabilization by pond treatment (WSP). The reclaimed municipal treated wastewater (TWW) was used to irrigate Cenchrus ciliaris. Experiments were carried ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Risk assessment and management of animal disease-related biosecurity

    Animal agriculture is vulnerable to both intentional and unintentional biological threats. Outbreaks, especially intentional attacks, could cause enormous consequences extending well beyond agriculture. Nations, including the USA, are consolidating and coordinating efforts to protect against these biological threats. The efforts employed largely fall into the categories of ex ante ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modeling effect of cover condition and soil type on rotavirus transport in surface flow

    Runoff from animal production facilities contains various microbial pathogens which pose a health hazard to both humans and animals. Rotavirus is a frequently detected pathogen in agricultural runoff and the leading cause of death among children around the world. Diarrheal infection caused by rotavirus causes more than two million hospitalizations and death of more than 500,000 children every ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Minimizing health risks during secondary effluent application via subsurface drip irrigation

    Health risks posed on consumers due to the use of agricultural products irrigated with reclaimed wastewater were assessed by numerical simulation. The analysis is based on defining of an Exposure Model (EM) which takes into account several parameters: (i) the quality of the applied wastewater, (ii) the irrigation method, (iii) the elapsed times between irrigation, harvest, and product ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Living on the edge: Populations of two zooplankton species living closer to agricultural fields are more resistant to a common insecticide

    Ecological communities across the globe are exposed to a diversity of natural and anthropogenic stressors and disturbances that can lead to community‐wide impacts. Contaminants are a group of anthropogenic disturbances that are ubiquitous in the environment and can trigger trophic cascades, increased susceptibility to pathogens, reduced biodiversity, and altered ecosystems. In these ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • USDA Announces $3.8 Million Awarded in Grants for Nano Research

    The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) announced on April 27, 2015, that it awarded more than $3.8 million in grants “focused on using nanotechnology to find solutions to societal challenges such as food security, nutrition, food safety, and environmental protection.”  The grants were made through NIFA’s Agriculture and ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • New and diverse sources of multiple disease resistance in Wheat

    Tan spot (caused by Pyrenophora tritici-repentis) and Stagonospora nodorum blotch (SNB), (caused by Phaeosphaeria nodorum) are destructive diseases of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). The majority of currently grown wheat varieties are susceptible to both diseases, presumably because of high pathogenic variability occurring in these fungi or narrow genetic background for resistance in wheat ...

  • Grain legumes in northern great plains

    Cropping systems in the Northern Great Plains have shifted from fallow-based to legume-based systems. The introduction of grain legumes has impacted soil organisms, including both symbiotic and nonsymbiotic N-fixing bacteria, pathogens, mycorrhizae and fauna, and the processes they perform. These changes occur through effects of legume seed exudates, rhizosphere exudates, and decomposing crop ...

  • Effect of ethylene on fruits and vegetables rotting

    In the latest edition of Bioconservacion's Partner Meeting with all its partners from the post-harvest sector, we had the good fortune to have Professor Emeritus Ron Wills from the University of Newcastle in Australia. Dr Wills, with over 50 years experience researching agronomy, agriculture and post-harvest techniques is undoubtedly a leader in the sector and one of the great experts on ethylene ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • The influence of biowaste and garden waste composts on diseases caused by pythium ultimum and rhizoctonia Solani related to the antagonists trichoderma hamatum and flavobacterium balustinum

    Soilborne plant pathogens can cause serious losses on both agricultural and horticultural crops. Examples include damping-off diseases caused by Pythium spp. and Rhizoctonia spp., Pythium and Phytophthora root rots, Rhizoctonia crown rot, Fusarium and Verticillium wilts, nematode and even bacterial diseases. Until the fifties, the principal methods to control soilborne diseases were through the ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Pesticide and Pathogen Contamination of Vegetables in Ghana’s Urban Markets

    Abstract  The objective of the study was to determine and compare the current level of exposure of the Ghanaian urban population to hazardous pesticide and fecal coliform contamination through the consumption of fresh vegetables produced in intensive urban and periurban smallholder agriculture with informal wastewater irrigation. A total of 180 vegetable samples (lettuce, cabbage, and ...


    By Springer

  • Compost stability: a comparative evaluation of respirometric techniques

    The new Paradigm in waste management promotes attitudes and processes that conserve resources and reduce pollution. Under this philosophy, organic waste is increasingly recognised as a recyclable material, a useful resource, making composting one of the key elements of modern waste management. As the composting industry is expanding rapidly there is a growing need for a simple, fast, relatively ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • The Multiple Application of CRISPR-Cas9

    CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing technology can target virtually any genomic location of choice by utilizing a short RNA guide, then cut the sequence with the Cas9 protein. Compared with traditional gene editing technologies, the CRISPR-Cas9 system is both faster and more efficient. The CRISPR-Cas9 system currently has a wide ...


    By Synbio Technologies LLC

  • Translocation for conservation: helping or harming wild populations?

    The value of moving animals or plants from a stable population into one that is endangered or even extinct has been questioned, with some suggesting that it will mean that the new population is not well adapted to its environment. However, research on an endangered toad has shown that even when individuals were translocated from great distances, the population was able to genetically adapt to ...

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