agriculture policy Articles

  • Environmental policies for agriculture in Europe

    This study analyses the environmental policies in Europe and particularly in The Netherlands. Comprehensive analysis of their policy package, which includes environmental taxes, tax exemptions, and the voluntary environmental agreement are provided. Each method does seem to show significant effects to reduce the environmental bads. This paper also presents an economic analysis of the glasshouse ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Opinion: Greening European Agriculture Policy – A Step Forward?

    The long-awaited resolution of the deadlock over the future of European farm subsidies appears to be in sight. After lengthy and tortuous discussions, the European Commission, Council and European Parliament reached a political agreement on 26 June 2013 setting out the main parameters for the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) from 2015.1 These are based, in large part, on proposals ...


  • The impact of public policy on conservation tillage in US agriculture

    A number of policy tools are used to reduce soil erosion from agricultural lands in the USA, including education and technical assistance, financial assistance, land retirement, and conservation compliance requirements. Education and technical assistance by public and private sources can be effective in promoting the adoption of conservation tillage by farmers for whom that practice will be ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Competitiveness and environmental policies for agriculture: testing the Porter hypothesis

    Porter hypothesis suggests tougher environmental regulations could spur technological growth, leading to an increase in productivity of market outputs, simultaneously providing greater environmental protection. This study tests the Porter hypothesis in US agriculture using state level data from 1973 through 1996. Luenberger productivity indexes, which are dual to the profit function and do not ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Costs of land use for conservation in Central Europe and future agricultural policy

    In Germany and other countries of Central Europe, biodiversity in the rural countryside is best conserved by applying traditional land-use methods, such as low input sheep and cattle grazing. These are very uneconomical according to conventional accounting and can only be carried out at present by benefitting heavily from the subsidy schemes of the CAP. Trade liberalisation demands the abolition ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The localization of agriculture

    In the United States, there has been a surge of interest in eating fresh local foods, corresponding with mounting concerns about the climate effects of consuming food from distant places and about the obesity and other health problems associated with junk food diets. This is reflected in the rise in urban gardening, school gardening, and farmers’ markets. With the fast-growing local foods ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Sustainable agriculture and sustainability of Indian agriculture in the context of globalisation

    There is a growing realisation of the importance of sustainable agriculture across the globe. This awareness has become the main focus of global debate as a result of degradation of natural resources and environment. There is a growing demand for eco-friendly agricultural commodities in the international market. Here an attempt is made to examine the context and meaning of the term ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Review of agricultural water management policies in Near East and North African Region in light of water scarcity

    This paper explores the current debate about water management policies and the factors affecting their formulation and implementation in the arid and semi–arid zones of the Near East and North African Region (NENAR). In this context, relevant and significant experiences of other countries in the world facing similar challenges are also considered (Sachdeva, 2009). The literature pertaining to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Hot spots in animal agriculture, emerging federal environmental policies and the potential for efficiency and innovation offsets

    In North America and Northern Europe, high livestock densities in concentrated areas (hot spots) have led to manure surpluses, which have resulted in water pollution problems. Using the emerging policy objectives for animal waste in the European Union and the USA as a backdrop, this paper discusses the impact of environmental regulation on farm profits. A theoretical model of the farm is ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling Common Agricultural Policy–Water Framework Directive interactions and cost-effectiveness of measures to reduce nitrogen pollution

    Selecting cost-effective measures to regulate agricultural water pollution to conform to the Water Framework Directive presents multiple challenges. A bio-economic modelling approach is presented that has been used to explore the water quality and economic effects of the 2003 Common Agricultural Policy Reform and to assess the cost-effectiveness of input quotas and emission standards against ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reducing agricultural nitrogen inputs in the German Baltic Sea catchment – trends and policy options

    We depict recent agricultural nitrogen input and future loads to be expected in 2021 in the German Baltic Sea catchment to assess the feasibility of reaching water quality targets defined by the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). We calculate recent and future nitrogen balances from agriculture by applying an interdisciplinary modelling system, also considering the effects of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Building a static farm level spatial microsimulation model for rural development and agricultural policy analysis in Ireland

    Using statistical matching techniques, economists can now create attribute rich datasets by matching across the common variables in two or more datasets. The farm level spatial microsimulation model developed in this paper uses one of many combinational optimisation techniques – simulated annealing – to match the Irish Census of Agriculture to the 2005 Irish National Farm Survey (NFS). Using the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A decision tool for sustainable agricultural policies: the case of water saving scenarios for Apulia Region (Southern Italy)

    The economy of Apulia Region largely depends on agriculture but the scarce water resources are the main factor threatening the sustainable production of this sector. This paper describes a geographical information system (GIS) based water balance tool that integrates maps of crops, climate and soil parameters with various scenarios of cropping pattern and farming practice changes. The aim is ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biotechnology for Environmentally Safe Agriculture

    Issue: In Europe some uses of biotechnology are meeting vocal opposition from certain quarters. Nevertheless, the vast amount of knowledge acquired recently in biology can be used to develop and apply biotechnology for an environmentally safe agriculture. Public acceptance and a new policy impetus can serve to promote the introduction of safe and competitive agricultural technologies that have a ...

  • How to create resilient agriculture

    Durable food security and agricultural growth depend on development strategies with resilience built in from the start, says Gordon Conway. Economic growth with resilience to environmental threats will be central to the agenda of the UN Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20) in June this year, which aims to map out a pathway of sustainable development for the planet. ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • How farm policy used to work

    In the period between the 1930s and 1992, farm bills generally instituted compensation policies that took the form of price supports. These policies were designed to manage the surplus production that resulted from centuries of developmental policies while allowing U.S. farmers the chance, with hard work and good management skills, to provide their family with a livelihood. Compensation policies ...


    By National Farmers Union

  • Assessing Environmental Integration in EU Agriculture

    Farming has a strong impact on the environment in the European Union (EU), both in a negative and a positive sense. The common agricultural policy (CAP) is a major driver of the agricultural sector, and can therefore positively influence environmental management by farmers. This briefing investigates whether relevant policy measures are well-targeted from a biodiversity perspective. It ...

  • 10 messages for 2010 - agricultural ecosystems

    Introduction: biodiversity, agriculture and the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) Europe"s agricultural sector has received sustained public support under the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) over the last 50 years. This support has evolved alongside growing recognition and awareness of the strong links between agricultural production and biological diversity ...

  • Building social capital for agricultural innovation

    The Royal Tropical Institute, KIT, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, is an international institute specialized in thegeneration and dissemination of knowledge and expertise through institutional cooperation. KIT aims to contribute tosustainable development for poverty reduction; information dissemination; and, preservation and exchange of culture.Bulletins of the Royal Tropical Institute The Bulletin ...

  • Sustaining California agriculture in an uncertain future

    About the Pacific Institute The Pacific Institute is one of the world’s leading independent nonprofits conducting research and advocacy to create a healthier planet and sustainable communities. Based in Oakland, California, we conduct interdisciplinary research and partner with stakeholders to produce solutions that advance environmental protection, economic development, and social equity—in ...


    By Pacific Institute

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