agriculture process control Articles

  • Biotechnology for Environmentally Safe Agriculture

    Issue: In Europe some uses of biotechnology are meeting vocal opposition from certain quarters. Nevertheless, the vast amount of knowledge acquired recently in biology can be used to develop and apply biotechnology for an environmentally safe agriculture. Public acceptance and a new policy impetus can serve to promote the introduction of safe and competitive agricultural technologies that have a ...

  • Paradigms and paradoxes of agricultural risk governance

    Essential requirements of council directives and legal provisions in medical feedstuffs are not satisfied in Germany. The 'Schweinemastskandal' (intensive pig breeding scandal) sheds light on the various stakeholders that exploit ambiguous EU regulatory control structures through the use of hazardous feeding stuff and prophylactic prohibited medication. This case helps the understanding of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Agricultural Robotic Market to Reach $16.3 billion by 2020

    Agricultural Robots: Market Shares, Strategies, and Forecasts, Worldwide, 2014-2020 - The 2014 study has 430 pages, 236 tables and figures. Worldwide markets are poised to achieve significant growth as the agricultural robots are used in every aspect of farming, milking, food production, and animal control to implement automated process for the industry. Browse report @ ...


  • Nitrous oxide emission from agricultural soils

    Anthropogenic nitrogen loading, particularly fertiliser usage in agricultural soils is thought to be a potentially important source of nitrous oxide (N2O) emission, which can be controlled by properly managed fertiliser usage. In this research, laboratory scale experiments were conducted to evaluate N2O production and emission from ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Composting of biodegradable organic wastes for sustainable agriculture

    Investigators: M.A. Ali Khan, Manoj Kumar, Kavita Kashyap, Ruby Rani, Sanjay Yada, Priti Kaushik Siraohi Environmental Science Lab. Dept. of Botany, Simbhaoli, Ghaziabad, India Objectives: To recycle, reduce and reuse hazardous distillery spent wash (DSW). Pressmud cake (PMC) fly ash, Eicchornia/Azolla/trash/litter and DSW inoculated with Trichoderma viride were observed for temperature based ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Managing GHG emissions from agriculture: a unique but solvable challenge

    Thousands of companies have developed greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories in recent years as a crucial first step towards measuring and ultimately reducing their emissions. Agricultural emissions are a large part of many of those inventories: farming is currently responsible for between 10 and 12 percent of global GHG ...

  • CRISPR is coming to agriculture — with big implications for food, farmers, consumers and nature

    Gene editing offers dramatic advances in speed, scope and scale of genetic improvement. It also offers an opportunity for more nuanced GMO governance. Very few technologies truly merit the epithet “game changer” — but a new genetic engineering tool known as CRISPR-Cas9 is one of them. Since we first developed the ability to alter the genetic material inside a plant or animal in ...


    By Ensia

  • The Latest in Whitefly Control

    Next month’s Greenhouse Canada Grower Day is welcoming leading researchers and crop specialists to help you tackle one of the industry’s biggest challenges. Whitefly is proving to be one of the most difficult pests to control, mainly due to the lack of effective registered chemicals that can eradicate silverleaf whitefly. It is also due to the unwillingness of biological suppliers to ...

  • Using Compost To Control Plant Diseases

    Losses due to soilborne diseases on some greenhouse, nursery and vegetable crops can amount to thousands of dollars per acre annually. Until the 1930s, organic amendments — consisting of animal and green manures, coupled with crop rotation — were principal methods of control. But these approaches were largely abandoned for reasons of cost and inconvenience after commercial fertilizers and the ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Brazil: Controlled Composting In Developing Countries

    For more than six years, pilot and large-scale composting experiments have been done at the University of Vicosa in Vicosa, Brazil. We focused on low cost technologies, forced aeration techniques, vector and leachate control, process monitoring, staff training, and technical assistance to farms and city councils. It seems that an unwritten law for solid waste management for developing countries ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Self-purification process and retention of nitrogen in floodplains of River Nemunas

    Due to its catchment size and its significant level of agricultural pollution, the Nemunas river basin has been identified as an agricultural hot spot in the Baltic Sea basin. On average, the total annual inorganic nitrogen runoff into the river is 26.9 × 106 kg, which corresponds to a load of 275 kg km−2 yr−1. A submerged floodplain, covering 605 km2 of the River Nemunas lowland, maintains the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Analytical solution for soil water redistribution during evaporation process

    Simulating the dynamics of soil water content and modeling soil water evaporation are critical for many environmental and agricultural strategies. The present study aims to develop an analytical solution to simulate soil water redistribution during the evaporation process. This analytical solution was derived utilizing an exponential function to describe the relation of hydraulic conductivity ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Stochastic analysis of rainfall and its application in appropriate planning and management for Eastern India agriculture

    Rainfall analysis is essential for agricultural crop planning and water resources management, especially under water scarcity conditions. The 36 years (1977–2013) of rainfall data for Kharagpur were analyzed for characterization of different seasonal events. The Weibull's formula predicted the probability of mean onset on 23rd standard meteorological weeks (SMW) (3rd–9th June) and withdrawal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Proactive approach to slug control recommended to potato growers

    If left untreated, slugs can cost the potato industry £53 million each year. With predictions of a high pressure slug season ahead, and the potential damage these pests can do to a crop both physically and financially, Robert Boothman, commercial director of Boothmans Agriculture, explains how to keep one step ahead of the pest. “The milder, wet winter and lack of ground frosts ...


    By Certis UK

  • Boosting Compost Markets : Iowa Studies Ways to Control Highway Erosion

    EROSION during and after road construction creates large amounts of silt, which deteriorates water quality and causes ecological problems. Iowa agencies continue to conduct studies to verify the value of compost as an economical way to prevent runoff along the state’s 100,000 miles of roadway. Next month will begin the second half of a two-year research project that involves the Iowa Department ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Affordable new compost technology provides in-vessel levels of gas emission and odor control

    Increasingly stringent air-emission regulations and demands to better control odors has put an economic strain on industries that recycle large amounts of organic materials, such as compost facilities, dairies, and feedlots. ECS has recently introduced an affordable composting technology to greatly improve facility compliance and odor control. This technology is the AC Composter. Air Quality ...


    By Engineered Compost Systems

  • Investing in people and evidence for sustainable farming

    Evaluation of farming systems, new ideas and learning with practitioners should be part of a transformed agriculture. Food security is difficult to pin down. It can be explained simply as access to enough food. But behind that simplicity lies an interconnected web of factors — from food prices to ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Building a Safe Pesticides Industry with Bioproducts and Biomethods

    Three publications on my desk are the motivating factors behind this issue’s Compost Users Forum. The first is our own Compost Science & Utilization (Summer, l999), a journal that reports research throughout the world dealing with the process and product of compost making. The initial report in this issue is titled: “Prospects for Composts and Biocontrol Agents as Substitutes for Methyl ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Cattail plants’ Biomass as a bulking agent in sewage Sludge composting and the effect of the produced Compost on cattail plants’ Growth

    In every Greek island there is at least one town with more than 20,000 inhabitants. Several smaller towns and villages range from a few hundreds to a few thousands in population. Usually in the larger towns there are sewage treatment facilities providing at least secondary treatment of wastewater. In most cases the effluent produced is drained to the sea and the sludge is dumped in landfills. In ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Effects of different composts on soil nitrogen balance and dynamics in a biennial crop succession

    Italy is faced with increasing pressures to reduce the amount of refuse disposed of in landfills. Compost represents a contribution to solve this problem. To give information for the correct management of composts as nitrogen fertiliser, it is necessary to assess their nitrogen release rhythm compared with the crop needs. This semi-field trial investigated the performance of three different ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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