agriculture production growth Articles

  • Household water constraints and agricultural labour productivity in Tanzania

    While previous research has analysed the links between drinking water access and health, and to some extent between health and agriculture, the direct impact of household water access on agricultural productivity has hardly been studied. We address this research gap, using survey data from Tanzania. Regression models show that water access constraints significantly decrease labour productivity ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Renewable resource and capital dynamics and elastic labour supply in a neoclassical growth model with housing and agriculture

    This paper proposes an economic growth model to provide some insights into issues related to sustainable economy with capital and resource dynamics. The model combines the main economic mechanisms in the Solow growth model, the Ricardian two–sector economic model, and the logistic model in resource economics in a compact framework. We simulate the model, identifying the existence of two steady ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Plant Sciences in Agriculture

    Plant pathogens Microorganisms, also called as microbes, live in every part of the biosphere, including soil, water, and air. Plant pathogens are the microbes that infect plants and cause diseases. In history, some plant diseases led to tremendous negative impacts on society. In 1845, potato blight disease was prevalent in all potato growing regions in Ireland. Phytophthora infestans, a ...

  • Solid-state fermentation for production of gibberellic acid using agricultural residues

    Solid-State Fermentation (SSF) was employed using agricultural residues, viz. pigeon pea pod (Cajanus cajan), corncobs (Zea mays), sorghum straw (Sorghum vulgare) and pea pod (Pisum sativum) for the production of gibberellic acid (GA3) using Fusarium proliferatum NCIM1105. Studies revealed that these agricultural residues have supported excellent growth of the fungi in modified medium and gave ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Governing technology and economic growth

    Good governance in Africa is not possible without a sound scientific basis for decision making. African governments are in constant need of scientific and technical advice on issues such as energy policy, disease control and environmental management. Furthermore, a sound economy that supports growth and development must draw on science and technology. Africa is faced with a set of specific ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • How to create resilient agriculture

    Durable food security and agricultural growth depend on development strategies with resilience built in from the start, says Gordon Conway. Economic growth with resilience to environmental threats will be central to the agenda of the UN Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20) in June this year, which aims to map out a pathway of sustainable development for the planet. ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Simulating the Effect of Climate Change on Agriculture

    Increased atmospheric CO2 levels and climate change are believed to contribute to extreme weather conditions, which is a major concern for many. And beyond extreme events, global warming is also predicted to affect agriculture.1,2 While climate change is expected to affect agriculture and reduce crop yields, the complete ...


    By Edinburgh Sensors Ltd

  • Hyphal growth: a tale of motors, lipids, and the spitzenkorper

    Filamentous fungi are a large and evolutionarily successful group of organisms of enormous ecological importance (27, 114). Fungi also have a considerable impact on our economy because they serve as bio-factories for the industrial production of proteins (90, 130) and because many fungi are human and plant pathogens that pose a threat to public health and agriculture (1, 105, 124). The basic ...

  • Asia–Pacific Analysis: Plan for growth in biotech crops

    South-East Asian nations should follow the Philippines down the path to biotech crops for food security, argues Crispin Maslog. Since biotechnology-derived crops were introduced in 1996, they have been adopted at an unprecedented rate, according to the 2011 annual report of the International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA) released earlier this year. ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Competitiveness and environmental policies for agriculture: testing the Porter hypothesis

    Porter hypothesis suggests tougher environmental regulations could spur technological growth, leading to an increase in productivity of market outputs, simultaneously providing greater environmental protection. This study tests the Porter hypothesis in US agriculture using state level data from 1973 through 1996. Luenberger productivity indexes, which are dual to the profit function and do not ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Cultivating energy crop production

    A NEW Farm Bill is moving through the Congressional legislative process. Along the way, commercial agriculture is debating the energy impacts of future corn and soybean production. The growth of corn-based ethanol and soybean-based biodiesel has created competition for the feed inputs into animal agriculture, namely corn and soybeans. While most of agriculture discusses energy production from ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Impact of fly–ash–amended soil on growth and yield of crop plants

    Fly Ash (FA), a waste product of thermal power stations, has great potential for use in agriculture, because it contains almost all macro as well as micronutrients. In view of the potential disposal problem of FA, this investigation was carried out to search an economical and eco–friendly solution of its disposal by using it as nutrient source in agriculture for growth of crop plants. FA ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Composting of biodegradable organic wastes for sustainable agriculture

    Investigators: M.A. Ali Khan, Manoj Kumar, Kavita Kashyap, Ruby Rani, Sanjay Yada, Priti Kaushik Siraohi Environmental Science Lab. Dept. of Botany, Simbhaoli, Ghaziabad, India Objectives: To recycle, reduce and reuse hazardous distillery spent wash (DSW). Pressmud cake (PMC) fly ash, Eicchornia/Azolla/trash/litter and DSW inoculated with Trichoderma viride were observed for temperature based ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Meeting the challenges of global rice production

    Rice is the second most widely grown cereal crop and the staple food for more than half the world’s population. More than 3 billion people consume more than 100 kg of rice per year. Rice is cultivated on 155.5 million ha with an average growth rate of 0.39% a year, in the last 30 years. In the near future, the possibility for expanding areas under rice based systems will remain very limited ...


    By Springer

  • China’s Rising Soybean Consumption Reshaping Western Agriculture

    Global demand for soybeans has soared in recent decades, with China leading the race. Nearly 60 percent of all soybeans entering international trade today go to China, making it far and away the world’s largest importer. The soybean was domesticated some 3,000 years ago by farmers in eastern China. But it wasn’t until well after World War II that the crop gained agricultural ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Climate Smart Agriculture: Zambia’s Strategy to Reduce Emissions

    The agricultural sector is believed to be the backbone of the Zambian economy thereby alleviating problems associated with poverty and food security. The development of the sector is viewed as one sustainable way of economic growth and ‘Eradicating Extreme Poverty and Hunger’ which is goal number one of the Millennium Development Goals (UN, 2000). The sector contributes to the growth ...


    By TractorExport

  • Mixotrophic and heterotrophic growth of some microalgae using extract of fungal-treated wheat bran

    Background:In this study, wheat bran, an agricultural waste, was utilized as a low-cost carbon source for algal cultivation. Results:Treatment of lignocellulosic waste by two fungal species (Pleurotus ostreatus or Trichoderma viride) caused the accumulation of reducing sugar at a relatively high concentration (50.58 and 54.30 mg/g wheat bran) after 7 days of incubation, ...

  • Canadian Agricultural Adaptation Program: Seeking Solutions for Winery Wastewater

    Seeking solutions for winery wastewater How to properly treat and dispose of wastewater is an issue for any production facility. This includes Ontario’s wineries, which face some added challenges: many of their operations are small and the bulk of their wastewater is produced during harvest season. With the help of an investment from the Canadian Agricultural Adaptation ...


    By BioMicrobics, Inc.

  • Watering Scarcity: Private investment opportunities in agricultural water use efficiency

    This report was prepared by Rabobank in collaboration with the World Resources Institute. In many regions around the world, demand for fresh water now outstrips renewable supplies. Water scarcity is projected to worsen considerably due to a combination of factors such as population increase, higher incomes and changing lifestyles, pollution, and climate change. Agriculture is by far the biggest ...

  • Rethinking food production for a world of eight billion

    The World Food Programme and the Chinese government jointlyannounced that food aid shipments to China would stop at the end of theyear. For a country where a generation ago hundreds of millions of peoplewere chronically hungry, this was a landmark achievement. Not only hasChina ended its dependence on food aid, but almost overnight it has becomethe world’s third largest food aid donor. The key to ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

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