agriculture sampling Articles

  • Plant Sciences in Agriculture

    Plant pathogens Microorganisms, also called as microbes, live in every part of the biosphere, including soil, water, and air. Plant pathogens are the microbes that infect plants and cause diseases. In history, some plant diseases led to tremendous negative impacts on society. In 1845, potato blight disease was prevalent in all potato growing regions in Ireland. Phytophthora infestans, a ...

  • Agricultural water vulnerability in rural Iran

    Water is an important factor of production and livelihood support in rural communities. Meanwhile, water shortage is a virtually common feature in many arid and semi-arid countries. It is also projected that water stress will be exacerbated in such regions because of climate change. The cumulative effects of these stressors can potentially increase agricultural water vulnerability (AWV). ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Speciation and mobility of arsenic in agricultural lime

    Received for publication October 6, 2008. Agricultural liming materials are used to correct soil acidity and to improve plant growth and microbial functionality. A relatively low-grade agricultural lime was found to contain up to 125 mg kg–1 arsenic (As), which is above any fertilizing materials code threshold. The color of the milled material is brown due to ample oxide dendrites. Microprobe ...

  • Composting of biodegradable organic wastes for sustainable agriculture

    Investigators: M.A. Ali Khan, Manoj Kumar, Kavita Kashyap, Ruby Rani, Sanjay Yada, Priti Kaushik Siraohi Environmental Science Lab. Dept. of Botany, Simbhaoli, Ghaziabad, India Objectives: To recycle, reduce and reuse hazardous distillery spent wash (DSW). Pressmud cake (PMC) fly ash, Eicchornia/Azolla/trash/litter and DSW inoculated with Trichoderma viride were observed for temperature based ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Agricultural water poverty in Marvdasht County, Southern Iran

    The paper discusses the application of the Agricultural Water Poverty Index (AWPI) as an assessment tool for agricultural water in rural areas of Marvdasht County, Fars Province, Iran. Along with the global concern, water has become an increasing concern during the recent years in Iran. This paper provides an overview of the AWPI and the methodology to measure AWP by addressing the four key ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The Effect of Off-farm Work on the Intensity of Agricultural Production

    Changes in agricultural production methods have been associated with environmental pressure and a loss of natural habitats. This paper explores the extent to which farmer participation in off-farm work (an increasing phenomenon in most developed countries) changes the intensity of agricultural input use focusing, in particular, on fertilizer and crop protection product use. A sample selection ...


    By Springer

  • Agroforestry Buffers Reduce Runoff from Agricultural Watersheds

    Despite increased attention and demand for the adoption of agroforestry practices throughout the world, rigorous long-term scientific studies confirming environmental benefits from the use of agroforestry practices are limited. The objective of this study was to examine nonpoint-source pollution (NPSP) reduction as influenced by agroforestry buffers in watersheds under grazing and row crop ...

  • Agricultural Robotic Market to Reach $16.3 billion by 2020

    Agricultural Robots: Market Shares, Strategies, and Forecasts, Worldwide, 2014-2020 - The 2014 study has 430 pages, 236 tables and figures. Worldwide markets are poised to achieve significant growth as the agricultural robots are used in every aspect of farming, milking, food production, and animal control to implement automated process for the industry. Browse report @ ...


  • Development of Waste Sawdust as a plant protection material for horticulture and agriculture

    Untitled Document Lignin is one of the major wastes of modern society, in the form of wood waste such as sawdust. In nature, lignin is ...

  • Identifying value hierarchies among indigenous women entrepreneurs in agriculture: a case of Iran

    Personal value orientations were investigated among a sample of 60 rural indigenous women entrepreneurs in Iran, using the Schwartz Values Scale. The value dimensions were conformity, tradition, benevolence, universalism, self-direction, stimulation, hedonism, achievement, power, and security. Conformity was the value type rated most important, benevolence was second, security third, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Role of knowledge in the adoption of new agricultural technologies: an approach and an application

    Empirical studies on agricultural technology adoption generally divide a population into adopters and nonadopters, and analyse the reasons for adoption or nonadoption at a point in time. In reality, technology adoption is not a one-off static decision, rather it involves a dynamic process in which information gathering, learning and experience play pivotal roles, particularly in the early stage ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Uses of winery and distillery effluents in agriculture: characterisation of nutrient and hazardous components

    ABSTRACTTwenty-one samples of winery and distillery effluents were collected from different Spanish winery and distillery industries. Electrical conductivity, pH, redox potential, density, organic charge (chemical oxygen demand, biological oxygen demand, total, volatile and suspended solids, oxidisable organic C and polyphenols) and contents of plant nutrients and heavy metals were analysed. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of Dislodging Techniques on Foliar Residue Determination for Agricultural Crops

    Abstract  The Agricultural Reentry Task Force (ARTF) conducted a study to determine whether different dislodgeable foliar residue (DFR) techniques had any effect on the amount of residues dislodged from the leaves of vegetable crops. Four previously employed techniques were evaluated with two chemicals (carbaryl and methomyl) on two crops (cabbage and lettuce). Carbaryl, a moderately ...


    By Springer

  • Assessment of groundwater vulnerability to nitrate pollution caused by agricultural practices

    Environmental risk assessment is a step towards identification, analysis, and classification of risk factors and thus reduction of the possibility of adverse consequences. In this research, a novel approach for environmental risk assessment on groundwater pollution is applied. By combination of aquifer vulnerability DRASTIC map, pollution severity and prioritizing of the plain regions by the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Crop gene banks are preserving the future of agriculture. But who’s preserving them?

    As climate change makes crop diversity even more important, gene banks struggle to stay afloat. During the past few years of civil war in Syria, rebel fighters have destroyed Shia mosques and Christian graves, and burned and looted Christian churches while the Islamic State group has demolished priceless artifacts in the region. Nothing seemed sacred to the disparate ...


    By Ensia

  • Agricultural Sediment Reduction by Giant Cane and Forest Riparian Buffers

    Abstract  The sediment filtering capabilities of giant cane (Arundinaria gigantea (Walt.) Chapm.) and forest riparian buffers were compared in a southern Illinois, USA non tile drained agricultural watershed. Giant cane, a bamboo species, serves as important wildlife habitat throughout its native range in the southeastern and lower midwestern United States. Overland flow samples were ...


  • Comparing RGB-based vegetation indices with NDVI for agricultural drone imagery

    Abstract Agribotix conducted a post hoc test of two vegetation indices, VARI and TGI, that used only the three visible-band signals from an unmodified CMOS camera. The results were compared to NDVI, which is generally considered to be a reliable measure of field health and the underlying RGB image. While the results are somewhat encouraging in limited cases, it is clear that neither VARI nor ...


    By Agribotix LLC

  • How a new way of thinking about soil sparked a national movement in agriculture

    For three weeks every month, Ray Archuleta captivates audiences with a few handfuls of soil. He begins with two clumps, dropping them into water. The soil from a farm where the soil isn’t tilled holds together, while the tilled soil immediately disperses, indicating poor soil structure. Next, volunteers from the audience — mostly farmers and ranchers — pour water over a soil ...


    By Ensia

  • Use of nuclear techniques in the study of the behaviour of rare earth elements on the use of phosphogypsum in Cerrado agriculture

    Phosphogypsum (PG) is a by-product of phosphoric acid industry. In Brazil, this material has been used as a conditioner for soils with high levels of aluminium. Taking into account the presence of radionuclides and Rare Earth Elements (REEs) in this material, a research project has been conducted in order to investigate the impact of using PG in crops cultivated in Cerrado soils. For this purpose ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Use of nuclear techniques in the study of the behaviour of rare earth elements on the use of phosphogypsum in Cerrado agriculture

    Phosphogypsum (PG) is a by-product of phosphoric acid industry. In Brazil, this material has been used as a conditioner for soils with high levels of aluminium. Taking into account the presence of radionuclides and Rare Earth Elements (REEs) in this material, a research project has been conducted in order to investigate the impact of using PG in crops cultivated in Cerrado soils. For this purpose ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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