agriculture survey Articles

  • The localization of agriculture

    In the United States, there has been a surge of interest in eating fresh local foods, corresponding with mounting concerns about the climate effects of consuming food from distant places and about the obesity and other health problems associated with junk food diets. This is reflected in the rise in urban gardening, school gardening, and farmers’ markets. With the fast-growing local foods ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • The contribution of agricultural input industries to agricultural innovation

    This paper presents an analytical framework to measure how farmers (i.e., primary agriculture) in countries at different stages of economic development absorb new technology by buying inputs from other industries. By combining information on the use of purchased inputs in primary agriculture (based on country-specific input±output matrices) with information on R&D intensities in the various ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Survey of lanthanoids in plants from a tropical region

    Several anthropogenic sources may provide lanthanoids (La, Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu, Tb and Yb) to the agricultural and forestry landscapes. Because little information is available on the distribution of these chemical elements in Brazilian tropical ecosystems, this work focuses on the survey in leaves of diverse plant species (native trees, epiphytes and crops) from different ecosystems. Soil under crown ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Agricultural water vulnerability in rural Iran

    Water is an important factor of production and livelihood support in rural communities. Meanwhile, water shortage is a virtually common feature in many arid and semi-arid countries. It is also projected that water stress will be exacerbated in such regions because of climate change. The cumulative effects of these stressors can potentially increase agricultural water vulnerability (AWV). ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Survey of Heavy Metals in the Catfish Synodontis Clarias

    Elevated levels of heavy metals in the catfish Synodontis clarias can be a good indication of pollution of an aquatic ecosystem due to anthropogenic influence. The concentrations of Zn, Cd, Pb, Mn and Ni were determined in Synodontis clarias caught along a section of Taylor Creek and its associated tributaries. Samples were collected bimonthly between July 1999 and June 2000 in five stations. The ...

  • Optimisation of water pricing in the Greek agricultural sector

    The agricultural sector is a dominant one in the Greek economy and thus attracts the scientific interest. Water is significant for a cultivation’s productivity and consequently for the agricultural income. Water pricing as a result has become a subject of extended study. The present study refers to the Greek agricultural economy and suggests a macroeconomic model, through which the optimisation ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The agricultural sector as the main power of the green economy in Indonesia

    One of the main powerhouses of the Indonesian economy is the development of its agriculture. Indonesia has two major possibilities for the development of its economy. These include both human and natural resources. In this paper we explore the role of the Indonesian Agricultural Sector and its possible role as the powerhouse of the Green Economy. A survey methodology was used to obtain the data ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Evolving more sustainable agriculture in the Cameron Highlands, Malaysia

    Smallholders in many tropical highlands cause serious environmental damage. The Cameron Highlands of Malaysia offer an excellent opportunity for studying how farmers interact with environment, changing markets, infrastructure development, indigenous peoples, and tourism, and how these shape innovation. Our surveys in 2002-2004, 2006 and 2007 show that farmers have intensified production and in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Household water constraints and agricultural labour productivity in Tanzania

    While previous research has analysed the links between drinking water access and health, and to some extent between health and agriculture, the direct impact of household water access on agricultural productivity has hardly been studied. We address this research gap, using survey data from Tanzania. Regression models show that water access constraints significantly decrease labour productivity ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Agricultural water poverty in Marvdasht County, Southern Iran

    The paper discusses the application of the Agricultural Water Poverty Index (AWPI) as an assessment tool for agricultural water in rural areas of Marvdasht County, Fars Province, Iran. Along with the global concern, water has become an increasing concern during the recent years in Iran. This paper provides an overview of the AWPI and the methodology to measure AWP by addressing the four key ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Opportunities for saving and reallocating agricultural water to alleviate water scarcity

    As water scarcity worsens globally, there is growing interest in finding ways to reduce water consumption, and for reallocating water savings to other uses including environmental restoration. Because irrigated agriculture is responsible for more than 90% of all consumptive water use in water-scarce regions, much attention is being focused on opportunities to save water on irrigated farms. At ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Research prizes: a new kind of incentive for innovation in African agriculture

    This paper identifies market failures that limit agricultural R&D for Africa and other resource-poor environments, and proposes a way to complement existing institutions with cash prizes for the dissemination of successful new technologies adopted by low-income farmers. The proposed prize institution would use agronomic experiments and farm surveys to document the value of innovations after their ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Agricultural water reuse in Nicaragua: extent, actual practices, perception and perspectives

    Data on the extent of water reuse, its characteristics and social perception is scarce, notably for developing countries. To characterize reuse in Nicaragua, a water-rich country, use of effluents from 22 wastewater treatment plants was surveyed on-site, in combination with a literature review and surveys of government institutions, water utilities and farmers. It was found that 50% of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A comparison of the herbicide tolerances of rare and common plants in an agricultural landscape

    Declining plant biodiversity in agroecosystems has often been attributed to escalating use of chemical herbicides, but other changes in farming systems, including the clearing of seminatural habitat fragments, confound the influence of herbicides. The present study introduces a new approach to evaluate the impacts of herbicide pollution on plant communities at landscape or regional scales. If ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Elemental composition of Jamaican foods 1: A survey of five food crop categories

    The concentrations of 27 elements in Jamaican food categories consisting of fruit, legumes, leafy and root vegetables and other root crops are reported. The main analytical techniques used were neutron activation analysis and flame and graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The results are compared, where possible, with values from Denmark, the United Kingdom, the United States and ...


    By Springer

  • Factors affecting biotechnology innovation in Canada: analysis of the 2001 biotechnology use and development survey

    Advancement in biotechnology requires continued innovative activity by firms. To grow, biotechnology firms must understand the factors affecting their innovative activity. Such understanding also informs policy makers, and supports the development of policies promoting one's biotechnology sector. This study explores factors, which determine innovative activity within the Canadian biotechnology ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Awareness of and attitudes towards biotechnology and GMOs in Southwest Nigeria: a survey of people with access to information

    In this paper, we examine awareness of biotechnology and the attitudes towards products and services derived from Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) in Southwest Nigeria. For this purpose, we surveyed 180 respondents across selected segments of the regional population. The paper demonstrates that while respondents have some awareness of biotechnology techniques, there is little awareness about ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Factors affecting adoption of agricultural water-saving technologies in Heilongjiang Province, China

    This study aimed to find key factors influencing the decisions of farmers regarding the adoption of water-saving practices including the rice-controlling irrigation technique, drip irrigation under plastic film, and sprinkling irrigation in Heilongjiang Province, China. It was found that reliability of the water source and government promotion had very significant and positive associations with ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Crop gene banks are preserving the future of agriculture. But who’s preserving them?

    As climate change makes crop diversity even more important, gene banks struggle to stay afloat. During the past few years of civil war in Syria, rebel fighters have destroyed Shia mosques and Christian graves, and burned and looted Christian churches while the Islamic State group has demolished priceless artifacts in the region. Nothing seemed sacred to the disparate ...


    By Ensia

  • A test of agricultural labour market efficiency in the Gezira scheme, Sudan: a production function approach

    This study is concerned with testing the efficiency of the rural labour market in the Gezira scheme. One hundred and fifty respondents were randomly selected through a field survey during the 2003?2004 season. A Cobb-Douglas production function was fitted to the data. The results indicated that labour markets in Gezira do not behave as predicted by the neoclassical theory. Labour allocations are ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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