agriculture waste management Articles

  • Composting of biodegradable organic wastes for sustainable agriculture

    Investigators: M.A. Ali Khan, Manoj Kumar, Kavita Kashyap, Ruby Rani, Sanjay Yada, Priti Kaushik Siraohi Environmental Science Lab. Dept. of Botany, Simbhaoli, Ghaziabad, India Objectives: To recycle, reduce and reuse hazardous distillery spent wash (DSW). Pressmud cake (PMC) fly ash, Eicchornia/Azolla/trash/litter and DSW inoculated with Trichoderma viride were observed for temperature based ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • The Importance Pressure Management on Agricultural Irrigation Applications

    Irrigation systems world wide are dependent on sound pressure management techniques which are normally incorporated at the design phase of the project. This holds true whether you are designing agricultural irrigation systems incorporating drip, micro spray, sprinkler or pivot systems and has similar ramifications for turf irrigation or even golf course irrigation systems. Automatic ...


    By Singer Valve Inc.

  • Terra Preta sanitation: re-discovered from an ancient Amazonian civilisation – integrating sanitation, bio-waste management and agriculture

    The recent discovery of the bio-waste and excreta treatment of a former civilisation in the Amazon reveals the possibility of a highly efficient and simple sanitation system. With the end product that was black soil they converted 10% of former infertile soil of the region: Terra Preta do Indio (black soil of the Indians). These soils are still very fertile 500 years after this civilisation had ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Different methods to derive pure silica from agriculture waste

    Rice residues are important natural resources, the management of these residues is a major challenge for environment protection. The use of different techniques to produce silica with minimal mineral contaminants having high Specific Surface Area (SSA) has been investigated. The different methods used depended on treatment of rice hulls with different dilute organic acids and hydrochloric acid, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Use of Fat, Oil and Grease Waste as an Agricultural Soil Conditioner

    Wastewater from the food processing and food service industries can contain large quantities of fat, oil and grease (FOG). Most North American jurisdictions have bylaws limiting the concentration of oil and grease in sewer discharges. As municipal source control efforts become more aggressive, quantities of FOG waste requiring proper treatment/disposal will increase. At the same time access to ...


  • BioKW (A) Agricultural Plant - Case Study

    Digester: 2 x 1.380 m³/h, 2 x 500 kWel; 1 x 1.000 kWth Manure, fruit- and vegetable waste, energy crops, fat sludge, slaughter house waste, food leftovers Scope of delivery: permission planning, detailed planing, tendering, project awarding, project management supervision, mixing technology, gas handling equipment, instrumentation Start-up: ...

  • The emergence of urban agriculture: Sydney, Australia

    Across the world the phenomenon of urban agriculture (UA) is defining itself after emerging from a mainly grass-roots response, evidenced in the Sydney Metropolitan Region by the Hawkesbury Harvest phenomenon and the Sydney Food Fairness Alliance, to powerful global forces which are negatively and paradoxically impacting on the quality of life of urban and farming communities. In the developed ...

  • Sub-critical water as a green solvent for production of valuable materials from agricultural waste biomass: A review of recent work

    Agricultural waste biomass generated from agricultural production and food processing industry are abundant, such as durian  peel, mango peel, corn straw, rice bran, corn shell, potato peel and many more. Due to low commercial value, these wastes are disposed in landfill, which if not managed properly may cause environmental problems. Currently, environmental laws and regulations pertaining ...


    By GJESM Journal

  • Impact–based cost–benefit analysis model for management of crude oil contaminated agricultural soil

    Evaluating the compensation payable to farmers whose farms/farmlands have been rendered unproductive due to oil spill requires adequate scientific research and improved decision–making. This work proposes a bacterial–based mathematical framework as a decision–support system for evaluating crude oil spill impact on agricultural soil. The rate of 'in situ' biodegradation of the crude oil predicts ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A systematic overview of urban agriculture in developing countries from an environmental point of view

    Urban agriculture can contribute to food security and poverty alleviation in developing countries. It can also help to improve public health and resource management by reusing excreta, wastewater and organic solid waste. This paper presents a systematic overview of urban agriculture in low and middle-income countries and identifies research needs. The cross-cutting issues, especially between ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Uses of winery and distillery effluents in agriculture: characterisation of nutrient and hazardous components

    ABSTRACTTwenty-one samples of winery and distillery effluents were collected from different Spanish winery and distillery industries. Electrical conductivity, pH, redox potential, density, organic charge (chemical oxygen demand, biological oxygen demand, total, volatile and suspended solids, oxidisable organic C and polyphenols) and contents of plant nutrients and heavy metals were analysed. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Uncertainties in current knowledge of atmospheric trace gases associated with US agriculture

    Approximately 80 different crop species are grown in the United States in widely differing geographic areas, climatic and edaphic conditions, and management practices. Although the majority of cultivated acreage in the United States is planted with only about 10 primary crops, uncertainties associated with trace gas emissions arise from: (1) limited data availability, (2) inaccurate estimates ...

  • Redirection of Timber Dust from Landfill to Agricultural Use: Mayco Industries

     Background Located in the industrial area of a Brisbane suburb, Mayco Industries Pty Ltd (Mayco) manufactures kitchens for residential and high rise markets. Their factory is one of the largest in Queensland, producing between 35 and 55 kitchens per week, and employs 86 staff, 20 of which work on a casual basis. Both natural timber and manufactured board are used by Mayco to ...


  • Redefining ag-wastes as coproducts

    Alan Doering doesn’t have the word “waste” in his vocabulary. As the scientist heading up the Agricultural Utilization Research Institute’s (AURI) coproduct utilization program, Doering sees crop residue, agricultural processing leftovers and biomass as products with value worth exploring. “Every leftover or coproduct has a value,” Doering says. “Our goal is to find the best use with the highest ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • One-Quarter of World’s Agriculture Grows in Highly Water-Stressed Areas

    All living creatures need two things to survive: food and water. A new WRI analysis shows just how much tension exists between those two essential resources. A new interactive map from WRI’s Aqueduct project reveals that more than 25 percent of the ...

  • Managing waste from confined animal feeding operations in the United States: the need for sanitary reform

    Confined food-animal operations in the United States produce more than 40 times the amount of waste than human biosolids generated from US wastewater treatment plants. Unlike biosolids, which must meet regulatory standards for pathogen levels, vector attraction reduction and metal content, no treatment is required of waste from animal agriculture. This omission is of concern based on dramatic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Market waste composting in Lima, Peru

    The Empresa de Servicios Municipales de Limpieza de Lima (ESMLL and the Pan American Center for Sanitary Engineering and Environmental Sciences (CEPIS) carried out in 1993 a joint research project oriented toward the recovery and use of market waste for compost production to benefit from the wastes generated in Lima.. This pilot project represents an effort aimed at solving the major waste ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Composting of vegetable waste in subtropical climates

    This experiment examined the possibility of using composting as a method of waste disposal in subtropical countries, such as the United Arab Emirates (UAE), where temperatures are high and humidity is low. In order to simulate conditions in the UAE, a representative mixture of wastes generated in the UAE was prepared and tested at ambient temperatures resembling those of subtropical countries. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Retrofit facilitates food waste composting

    Waste Connections, Inc. (WCI), the third largest waste and recycling company in North America, recently invested $10 million to upgrade Silver Springs Organics (Silver Springs), a commercial composting facility in Washington State that it purchased in 2009 from Greg Schoenbachler, Silver Springs’ founder. The facility, located in Rainier, opened for business in April 2007 (see ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Transition of fertilizer application and agricultural pollution loads: a case study in the Nhue-Day River basin

    Rapid socio-economic development in suburban areas of developing countries has induced changes in agricultural waste and nutrient management, resulting in water pollution. The study aimed at estimating agricultural nutrient cycles and their contribution to the water environment. A material flow model of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) was developed focusing on agricultural activities from 1980 ...


    By IWA Publishing

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