agriculture waste processing Articles

  • The CAMBI process and agriculture, a sustainable solution?

    Abstract Both public acceptance and interest from farmers for spreading biosolids from waste water treatment plants (wwpt) on arable land, are dependent on some fundamental criteria. These criteria are, however, quite straightforward. The biosolids should be safe, easy to handle, a well documented source of plant nutrition, without disagreeable odours and easily available. A big part of the ...


    By Cambi Group AS

  • Composting of biodegradable organic wastes for sustainable agriculture

    Investigators: M.A. Ali Khan, Manoj Kumar, Kavita Kashyap, Ruby Rani, Sanjay Yada, Priti Kaushik Siraohi Environmental Science Lab. Dept. of Botany, Simbhaoli, Ghaziabad, India Objectives: To recycle, reduce and reuse hazardous distillery spent wash (DSW). Pressmud cake (PMC) fly ash, Eicchornia/Azolla/trash/litter and DSW inoculated with Trichoderma viride were observed for temperature based ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Use of vermicomposting biotechnology for recycling organic wastes in agriculture

    Recent trend of declining sustainability in agricultural production is appearing as a major threat to most of the Asian countries. To combat the situation, increasing importance is now being paid on incorporation of organic materials for rejuvenating the health condition and, hence, the productivity of these soils. Large scale availability of conventional organic manures being a big problem ...

  • Performance analysis of a co-gasifier for organic waste in agriculture

    Background:Agricultural waste has been proposed as an alternative energy resource to meet fossil fuel crisis, green house emission, and other environmental impacts worldwide. In Iran, rice husk and bagasse are main resources of biomass which can be used to produce syngas. This paper deals with a simplified model of combined gasification of coal and biomass processes considering chemical ...

  • Biochar: forgotten agricultural nostrum

    What is biochar?  The new multifunctional products are in good request nowadays. One of such innovations is Biochar. This type of charcoal is manufactured using the low-temperature continuous pyrolysis equipment. The raw material for the recycling process is biomass (agricultural and other biological waste). Biochar origins (Terra ...


    By Polvax-Ukraine

  • Low-cost composting of fruit processing wastes in Hungary

    Aim of the project The research described in this paper was undertaken in order to assess the economic and environmental viability of composting fruit juice wastes from the RAUCH Hungaria Kft. fruit processing plant in Budapest, Hungary. Hungary is a rapidly emerging economy in middle Europe, currently with a 4.6% growth rate according to the Hungarian Central Statistical Office (KSH, 1999). The ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Low-cost composting of fruit processing wastes in Hungary

    Aim of the project The research described in this paper was undertaken in order to assess the economic and environmental viability of composting fruit juice wastes from the RAUCH Hungaria Kft. fruit processing plant in Budapest, Hungary. Hungary is a rapidly emerging economy in middle Europe, currently with a 4.6% growth rate according to the Hungarian Central Statistical Office (KSH, 1999). The ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Use of Fat, Oil and Grease Waste as an Agricultural Soil Conditioner

    Wastewater from the food processing and food service industries can contain large quantities of fat, oil and grease (FOG). Most North American jurisdictions have bylaws limiting the concentration of oil and grease in sewer discharges. As municipal source control efforts become more aggressive, quantities of FOG waste requiring proper treatment/disposal will increase. At the same time access to ...


  • Different methods to derive pure silica from agriculture waste

    Rice residues are important natural resources, the management of these residues is a major challenge for environment protection. The use of different techniques to produce silica with minimal mineral contaminants having high Specific Surface Area (SSA) has been investigated. The different methods used depended on treatment of rice hulls with different dilute organic acids and hydrochloric acid, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Sub-critical water as a green solvent for production of valuable materials from agricultural waste biomass: A review of recent work

    Agricultural waste biomass generated from agricultural production and food processing industry are abundant, such as durian  peel, mango peel, corn straw, rice bran, corn shell, potato peel and many more. Due to low commercial value, these wastes are disposed in landfill, which if not managed properly may cause environmental problems. Currently, environmental laws and regulations pertaining ...


    By GJESM Journal

  • Recycling of raw corn cob residues as an agricultural waste material for ammonium removal: kinetics, isotherms, and mechanisms

    Corn cob is an agricultural by-product worldwide available in large amounts. In this study, the potential of raw corn cob as a natural lignocellulosic waste material of no economic value was investigated for the removal of ammonium ions from aqueous solution. Sorption capacities of raw granular corn cob (GCC) for ammonium ions were evaluated in simulated and actual wastewater samples. The FT-IR ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Optimization of the thermophilic anaerobic co-digestion of pig manure, agriculture waste and inorganic additive through specific methanogenic activity

    The anaerobic co-digestion of three wastes (manure, rice straw and clay residue, an inorganic additive) at different concentration levels and their interactive effects on methanogenic activity were investigated in this work at thermophilic conditions in order to enhance hydrolytic activity and methane production. A central composite design and the response surface methodology were applied for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Terra Preta sanitation: re-discovered from an ancient Amazonian civilisation – integrating sanitation, bio-waste management and agriculture

    The recent discovery of the bio-waste and excreta treatment of a former civilisation in the Amazon reveals the possibility of a highly efficient and simple sanitation system. With the end product that was black soil they converted 10% of former infertile soil of the region: Terra Preta do Indio (black soil of the Indians). These soils are still very fertile 500 years after this civilisation had ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Recycling agriculture wastes of ramie stalk as bioadsorbents for Cd2+ removal: a kinetic and thermodynamic study

    In this study, we exhibit the recycling of agriculture wastes of ramie stalk as bioadsorbents for Cd2+ removal. Based on our experimental results, it is realized that Cd2+ adsorption to ramie stalk is highly pH sensitive, indicating the adsorption is driven by surface complexation reaction. The high adsorption capacity of ramie stalk toward Cd2+ (qm = 10.33 mg ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case study - Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences (GDAAS)

    There are 13 research institutes under the GDAAS, including specific foods and crops and fertilizer research. The main mission of the institution is to carry out non-profit research around agricultural science and techniques.  As one of the most important agricultural crops institutions, the Crops Research Institute has been focusing on the development of new varieties of crops, cultivation ...


    By Geotech

  • Agricultural Residuals Drive Producer-Owned Energy

    Farmer-owned renewable energy enterprises are increasing rapidly — with alternative fuels such as biodiesel, ethanol and distiller’s grains becoming mainstream. MINNESOTA is home to 16 ethanol plants generating approximately 550 million gallons per year. Most of these new facilities are producer-owned. Many others are under construction or are in the planning process. In 2005, Minnesota farmers ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Adsorption of model textile dyes from aqueous solutions using agricultural wastes as adsorbents: equilibrium, kinetics and fixed bed column study

    Gram husk and groundnut shell are cheap and abundantly available agricultural waste materials in India. A systematic study on the adsorption of some model dyes from aqueous solution on these low-cost adsorbents has been attempted. Model dyes used were Methylene Blue, Rhodamine B, Congo Red, Eosine Y and Metanil Yellow. Equilibrium, kinetics and column experiments were performed. Effects of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Redirection of Timber Dust from Landfill to Agricultural Use: Mayco Industries

     Background Located in the industrial area of a Brisbane suburb, Mayco Industries Pty Ltd (Mayco) manufactures kitchens for residential and high rise markets. Their factory is one of the largest in Queensland, producing between 35 and 55 kitchens per week, and employs 86 staff, 20 of which work on a casual basis. Both natural timber and manufactured board are used by Mayco to ...


  • Redefining ag-wastes as coproducts

    Alan Doering doesn’t have the word “waste” in his vocabulary. As the scientist heading up the Agricultural Utilization Research Institute’s (AURI) coproduct utilization program, Doering sees crop residue, agricultural processing leftovers and biomass as products with value worth exploring. “Every leftover or coproduct has a value,” Doering says. “Our goal is to find the best use with the highest ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Evaluation of eutrophication process in Lake Sapanca (Sakarya, Turkey)

    Lakes are generally subjected to wastewater discharges from various sources. Certain chemicals, such as nitrogen, phosphorus and carbon, in the right concentrations can distort and disrupt aquatic ecosystems by overfeeding. Eutrophication of inland bodies of water has become synonymous with the deterioration of water quality, which interferes with most of the beneficial uses of waters. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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