agriculture water management Articles

  • Conjunctive effect of water productivity and cultivation pattern on agricultural water management

    Agricultural water resources are scarce in Iran, and agricultural water management is essential to overcome this limitation. Determination of the water productivity index (WP) using the methods of optimization of cropping patterns and optimal water allocation is the most effective tool in water management in the agricultural sector. In this study, a non-linear optimization model was used to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reuse: Agriculture

    Agronomic and water quality considerations Water use for agricultural irrigation is the largest component of water use in most countries and is more than 70% of human water use in drier countries. Use of recycled water for irrigation requires consideration of soil types, groundwater levels, soil and water chemistry, nutrient loads, limits on chemicals, the salt tolerance of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Agricultural water vulnerability in rural Iran

    Water is an important factor of production and livelihood support in rural communities. Meanwhile, water shortage is a virtually common feature in many arid and semi-arid countries. It is also projected that water stress will be exacerbated in such regions because of climate change. The cumulative effects of these stressors can potentially increase agricultural water vulnerability (AWV). ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Soil Management for Sustainable Agricultural Productivity in Bangladesh

    Introduction: The 'rules of road' by which agricultural researchers measure the impact of their work are being restudied. The first conclusion is that it is impossible to choose between food needs of today and food needs of 100 years from now. Somehow the food ...

  • The Importance Pressure Management on Agricultural Irrigation Applications

    Irrigation systems world wide are dependent on sound pressure management techniques which are normally incorporated at the design phase of the project. This holds true whether you are designing agricultural irrigation systems incorporating drip, micro spray, sprinkler or pivot systems and has similar ramifications for turf irrigation or even golf course irrigation systems. Automatic ...


    By Singer Valve Inc.

  • Agriculture and economics in the Water Framework Directive: progress and limitations

    Agriculture is having an increasing impact on water resources in Spain, both from a quantitative (consumption) and qualitative (pollution) perspective. Therefore, the implementation of the Water Framework Directive (WFD) will have a great impact on this sector. In fact, new river management plans aim to reduce these pressures through the implementation of programmes of measures. These instruments ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Breaking the dilemma of agricultural water fee collection in China

    Low agricultural water fee collection rates are a problem commonly faced by many developing countries and this is a problem faced by China as it enters the new century. There are two main problem-solving strategies used in different areas of China: increasing the water fee collection rate, or exempting people from paying the water fee. In those areas where the first strategy is pursued, local ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Agricultural water poverty in Marvdasht County, Southern Iran

    The paper discusses the application of the Agricultural Water Poverty Index (AWPI) as an assessment tool for agricultural water in rural areas of Marvdasht County, Fars Province, Iran. Along with the global concern, water has become an increasing concern during the recent years in Iran. This paper provides an overview of the AWPI and the methodology to measure AWP by addressing the four key ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Review of agricultural water management policies in Near East and North African Region in light of water scarcity

    This paper explores the current debate about water management policies and the factors affecting their formulation and implementation in the arid and semi–arid zones of the Near East and North African Region (NENAR). In this context, relevant and significant experiences of other countries in the world facing similar challenges are also considered (Sachdeva, 2009). The literature pertaining ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Estimating water use efficiencies for water management reform in Southern Alberta irrigated agriculture

    Water use technical efficiency (WUTE) and three definitions of water use economic efficiency (WUEE) were estimated for the four river sub-basins that encompass the 13 irrigation districts in Southern Alberta over a 5-year period: 2004–08. The average level of WUTE varied from 3.5 to 6.2 Mt dam−3. The gross economic value of crop production varied from Canadian (C)$345 to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Plant Sciences in Agriculture

    Plant pathogens Microorganisms, also called as microbes, live in every part of the biosphere, including soil, water, and air. Plant pathogens are the microbes that infect plants and cause diseases. In history, some plant diseases led to tremendous negative impacts on society. In 1845, potato blight disease was prevalent in all potato growing regions in Ireland. Phytophthora infestans, a ...

  • Watering Scarcity: Private investment opportunities in agricultural water use efficiency

    This report was prepared by Rabobank in collaboration with the World Resources Institute. In many regions around the world, demand for fresh water now outstrips renewable supplies. Water scarcity is projected to worsen considerably due to a combination of factors such as population increase, higher incomes and changing lifestyles, pollution, and climate change. Agriculture is by far the biggest ...

  • Pressure Measurement For Agricultural Applications

    A couple months ago we took a brief look at how the agriculture industry is turning to automation and data to help monitor product and resource levels, enabling farmers and ranchers to be proactive, rather reactive, about the needs and conditions of their businesses. We all agreed that there are plenty of opportunities for level measurement in the modern agriculture industry. But what of pressure ...

  • Critical source area management of agricultural phosphorus: experiences, challenges and opportunities

    The concept of critical source areas of phosphorus (P) loss produced by coinciding source and transport factors has been studied since the mid 1990s. It is widely recognized that identification of such areas has led to targeting of management strategies and conservation practices that more effectively mitigate P transfers from agricultural landscapes to surface waters. Such was the purpose of P ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Everglades Agricultural Area Reservoir A-1 Management of Runoff for Everglades Restoration and Agricultural Irrigation

    THE PROBLEMIncreased development in central and south Florida has altered the natural drainage pattern of the Florida Everglades National Park (Everglades). This alteration has resulted in excess water during the wet season and insufficient water flowing through the ecosystem during the dry season, increased water supply demands, degrading water quality, and declining estuary health and wading ...

  • How to create resilient agriculture

    Durable food security and agricultural growth depend on development strategies with resilience built in from the start, says Gordon Conway. Economic growth with resilience to environmental threats will be central to the agenda of the UN Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20) in June this year, which aims to map out a pathway of sustainable development for the planet. ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • National Management Measures to Control Nonpoint Source Pollution from Agricultures

    National Management Measures to Control Nonpoint Source Pollution from Agriculture is a technical guidance and reference document for use by State, local, and tribal managers in the implementation of nonpoint source pollution management programs. It contains information on the best available, economically achievable means of reducing pollution of surface and ground water from agriculture (Final ...

  • The water-energy-climate nexus in Mexico`s agricultural use of groundwater

    Human water use is a main driver of the spatial distribution and temporal availability of water resources globally (Vörösmarty et al. 2000). In the specific case of groundwater sources there are three interlinked processes that drive water balances in diverse regions globally: 1) intensification of groundwater irrigation, 2) electrical energy supply for agriculture, and 3) climatic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Integrated modelling of a coupled water-agricultural system using system dynamics

    An integrated System Dynamics Model for the water-stressed Rosetta region, Egypt, assessing water balance, and agricultural yield and revenue to 2050, is presented. The study uses 57 simulations to better understand impacts on water, food and economic security and their interactions, in order to highlight potential pathways towards a more sustainable future for the Rosetta region. Current water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessing Environmental Integration in EU Agriculture

    Farming has a strong impact on the environment in the European Union (EU), both in a negative and a positive sense. The common agricultural policy (CAP) is a major driver of the agricultural sector, and can therefore positively influence environmental management by farmers. This briefing investigates whether relevant policy measures are well-targeted from a biodiversity perspective. It ...

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