agriculture water management Articles

  • Analysis of the hydraulics of the irrigation canals of Otrar, Kazakhstan

    Surveys of relic canals at the Oasis of Otrar in Kazakhstan have been used to re-construct patterns of agricultural water use for irrigation between AD700 and AD1500. Hydraulic simulation software was used to calculate the water carrying capacity of historical irrigation canal networks. An analysis of modern day irrigation systems has enabled the calibration of crop water use models and an ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reuse: Agriculture

    Agronomic and water quality considerations Water use for agricultural irrigation is the largest component of water use in most countries and is more than 70% of human water use in drier countries. Use of recycled water for irrigation requires consideration of soil types, groundwater levels, soil and water chemistry, nutrient loads, limits on chemicals, the salt tolerance of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Irrigation - Water Management, Pollution and Alternative Strategies

    Irrigated agriculture is the most significant user of fresh water in the world and, due to the large area occupied, is one of the major pollution sources for the water resources. This book comprises 12 chapters that cover different issues and problematics of irrigated agriculture: from water use in different irrigated systems to pollution generated by irrigated agriculture. Moreover, the book ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Agriculture and economics in the Water Framework Directive: progress and limitations

    Agriculture is having an increasing impact on water resources in Spain, both from a quantitative (consumption) and qualitative (pollution) perspective. Therefore, the implementation of the Water Framework Directive (WFD) will have a great impact on this sector. In fact, new river management plans aim to reduce these pressures through the implementation of programmes of measures. These instruments ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Drought aspects – fostering resilience through insurance

    Droughts are silent killers, with the potential to cause enormous losses to society as a whole and to the insurance industry. Many loss-bringers are unseen, and the result of secondary events. This makes it difficult to assess the losses involved. Insurance against drought is particularly important in the agricultural sector, but in practice only feasible with governmental involvement. Some ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A water balance approach for assessing the potential source of water in Dohuk Dam for agricultural, domestic and tourism purposes

    Water balance approaches have been widely used to stimulate and forecast the average runoff and river discharge in small- and medium-sized basins. The analysis of water balance for Feesh Khabour River and Dohuk Dam catchment areas needs to be verified. This study used 24 alternative scenarios for assessing the robustness of adaptation decisions to water management practices. The discharge of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Can drip irrigation technology be socially beneficial? Evidence from Southern India

    Drip irrigation has received considerable attention from policy makers because of its significant contribution towards resource saving, enhanced agricultural productivity and environmental sustainability. This paper explores the potential benefits of drip irrigation adoption by addressing the social benefits and costs in Southern India. The study shows that adoption of drip irrigation technology ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Re-coupling the carbon and water cycles by Natural Sequence Farming

    The techniques of Natural Sequence Farming (NSF) were developed during hands-on management of degraded farmland in the Upper Hunter Valley region of Australia. Early settlement of the continent by people with European cultural assumptions disrupted established interactions of water, soil, and plants resulting in lost fertility. Moreover, agricultural practices such as clearing, burning, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A Holistic Approach to Managing the EDC Issue

    Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) and pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) are ubiquitous in our environment because of their many uses and origins in residential, industrial, livestock, and agricultural applications. EDCs are derived from both anthropogenic and natural sources, and change the function of the endocrine system, affecting the way an organism or its progeny ...

  • A systematic overview of urban agriculture in developing countries from an environmental point of view

    Urban agriculture can contribute to food security and poverty alleviation in developing countries. It can also help to improve public health and resource management by reusing excreta, wastewater and organic solid waste. This paper presents a systematic overview of urban agriculture in low and middle-income countries and identifies research needs. The cross-cutting issues, especially between ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Irrigated agriculture and groundwater resources – towards an integrated vision and sustainable relationship

    Globally, irrigated agriculture is the largest abstractor, and predominant consumer, of groundwater resources, with large groundwater-dependent agro-economies now having widely evolved especially in Asia. Such use is also causing resource depletion and degradation in more arid and drought-prone regions. In addition crop cultivation practices on irrigated land exert a major influence on ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • GoRoSoBo: an overall control diagram to improve the efficiency of water transport systems in real time

    Agriculture plays an important part in the food chain and water resources for agriculture are essential. A problem is that the water transport systems present low efficiencies in practice. Crop yields must be optimized, and the goal of an operational water manager is to deliver water to irrigation sites accurately and efficiently. In order to fulfill this objective, we propose a centralized ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Everglades Agricultural Area Reservoir A-1 Management of Runoff for Everglades Restoration and Agricultural Irrigation

    THE PROBLEMIncreased development in central and south Florida has altered the natural drainage pattern of the Florida Everglades National Park (Everglades). This alteration has resulted in excess water during the wet season and insufficient water flowing through the ecosystem during the dry season, increased water supply demands, degrading water quality, and declining estuary health and wading ...

  • From (cyber)space to ground: new technologies for smart farming

    Increased water demand and climate change impacts have recently enhanced the need to improve water resources management, even in those areas which traditionally have an abundant supply of water, such as the Po Valley in northern Italy. The highest consumption of water is devoted to irrigation for agricultural production, and so it is in this area that efforts have to be focused to study ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Managing agricultural biotechnology for sustainable development: the case of semi-arid India

    Managing agricultural biotechnology for sustainable development demands more than research and intellectual property rights policies. Economic and regulatory institutions conducive to application of intrinsically sustainable technologies are also required. From an interdisciplinary development research perspective, it is argued that sustainability of Indian agriculture and food crop production ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Irrigation challenges in the sub-humid US Mid-South

    Irrigated area in the Mid-South USA continues to increase and now totals four million ha. Because of low available water holding capacities and shallow root-limiting layers in many soils, irrigation management is difficult. Water quality and water use efficiency impacts under irrigation are poorly understood, but comprehension is necessary if conversion from groundwater to surface water supplies ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Conjunctive effect of water productivity and cultivation pattern on agricultural water management

    Agricultural water resources are scarce in Iran, and agricultural water management is essential to overcome this limitation. Determination of the water productivity index (WP) using the methods of optimization of cropping patterns and optimal water allocation is the most effective tool in water management in the agricultural sector. In this study, a non-linear optimization model was used to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The sanitation and urban agriculture nexus: urine collection and application as fertilizer in São Paulo, Brazil

    Separately collected urine is an attractive potential fertilizer because of its high nutrient content, low cost, and inherent linkage of urban wastewater management and peri-urban agriculture. Urine from waterless urinals was applied to corn and lettuce plants to examine the impact of urine application rates and frequency on plant growth and soil parameters. In both corn and lettuce ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Legislating for Sustainable Basin Management: The Story of Australia`s Water Act 2007

    The paper covers the history and current reform process in Australia’s Murray-Darling Basin that aims to rebalance water use from one dominated by irrigation for agriculture, where the environment bears most of the risk during a drought, to one in which the risk of drought is shared more equitably between irrigators and ecosystems. The reform was controversial, as it acquired private water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Transition of fertilizer application and agricultural pollution loads: a case study in the Nhue-Day River basin

    Rapid socio-economic development in suburban areas of developing countries has induced changes in agricultural waste and nutrient management, resulting in water pollution. The study aimed at estimating agricultural nutrient cycles and their contribution to the water environment. A material flow model of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) was developed focusing on agricultural activities from 1980 ...


    By IWA Publishing

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