agro-meteorology system Articles

  • Facing complexity on agro-ecosystems: a new approach to farming system analysis

    Sustainability requires the redefinition of the terms of reference for agricultural activities, which must be based on the recognition of multi-functional land use and the complex role that agriculture plays in society. The ability to renegotiate new terms of reference for agriculture, in turn, requires new analytical tools for agriculture analysis to be able to embrace the 'complexity ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Call for Action on Agro Commodity Governance

    The Ecosystem Alliance’s call for action Over the last decade, various commitments towards sustainability of agro-commodity value chains have been made by governments and private sector. Relevant in this context is the recent zerodeforestation pledges included in the New York declaration on Forests. Despite important progress, translating these commitments into effective implementation ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Soil management practices for sustainable agro-ecosystems

    A doubling of the global food demand projected for the next 50 years poses a huge challenge for the sustainability of both food production and global and local environments. Today’s agricultural technologies may be increasing productivity to meet world food demand, but they may also be threatening agricultural ecosystems. For the global environment, agricultural systems provide both sources and ...


    By Springer

  • Local fertilizer manufacturing: A new look at agro-business

    The American farmer works in a tough business. Aside from the demanding physical and mechanical processes to raise fertile crops from tiny seeds, the farmer must also battle against supply for adequate water, the right seeds, pest and weed control products, and various fertilizers. All these elements have added stress and cost to bring a crop to market, making it less profitable than ever to ...


    By Verde LLC

  • Living the promise? The role of the private sector in enabling small-scale farmers to benefit from agro-biotech

    Biotechnology and transgenetic crops (tGMOs) hold great promises as part of integrated solutions for poor and small-scale farmers. The private sector, which to date controls most releases of tGMOs globally, has combined philanthropy and commercialisation to this end. Yet few benefits have materialised. This narrative paper surveys and provides a framework for how multinational companies transfer ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Irrigation Systems and Practices in Challenging Environments

    The book Irrigation Systems and Practices in Challenging Environments is divided into two interesting sections, with the first section titled Agricultural Water Productivity in Stressed Environments, which consists of nine chapters technically crafted by experts in their own right in their fields of expertise. Topics range from effects of irrigation on the physiology of plants, deficit irrigation ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Economic implications of different cork oak forest management systems

    The agro-silvopastoral system 'montado' is mostly dominated by Mediterranean evergreen oaks such as, cork oak (Quercus suber L.) and holm oak (Quercus rotundifolia). The 'montado' production system management aims the maintenance of a balanced sustainable land use to cope with the Mediterranean climate variability. One important issue in cork oak forests is the control shrub growth in order to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Analysing organisational learning capacity as a window on the national agricultural innovation system: a participatory approach in Nicaragua

    The agricultural innovation system can be strengthened by increasing the learning capacity of research and field organisations. Participatory methods were developed to study three dimensions of the capacity of such organisations in Nicaragua to access and analyse information, highly correlated to learning capacity – the individual routines of their professionals, the formal procedures of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Involving stakeholders in developing sustainability indicators for farming systems: a Philippine case study

    Small-scale farmers in the Philippines have an average landholding of 2 ha and often no secure land tenure. Many cultivate unsuitable upland areas, leading to erosion and sometimes dramatic landslides. To evaluate sustainability of different farming systems with the involvement of local stakeholders, sustainability indicators were used in this study to compare three different farming systems on ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A Profiling System in Amazonia with Automatic Calibration based on the CIRAS-SC Analyzer

    Amazonia constitutes a large global store of carbon. Forest conversion in Amazonia is a net source of carbon to the atmosphere, while recent measurements indicate that undisturbed forest systems may be a net carbon sink. The importance of sequestration of carbon in regrowing forest and abandoned lands is unclear. These issues represent uncertainties in the global carbon balance and may influence ...


    By PP Systems

  • Numerical simulation of bare soil water and heat flow under an automated irrigation system

    Modern irrigation techniques use automated systems where irrigation schedules are controlled according to certain criteria. The objective of this study is to numerically estimate irrigation events, water content and temperature distributions, evaporation, drainage, and soil water under closed loop automated irrigation systems of a bare soil. The automated irrigation system is activated and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • US feedlots and slaughterhouses: bounding industrial ecology with the extreme case

    The potential contribution of Industrial Ecology (IE) to sustainable development, though immense, remains elusive. This is due to the field boundaries whose demarcation lacks specificity. To address the challenge of boundary definition, an agro-industrial complex, the US Cattle Feedlot-Slaughterhouse System (CFSS), has been chosen to illustrate and provoke a discussion about where those ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Agriculture Plant Nursery - Case Study

    Challenge A plant nursery company had water quality issues from the well water source that there were using for irrigation purposes in their plant growing operations. These water quality issues including total dissolved salts (TDS) around 2500 mg/l, as well as turbidity, mineral hardness and microbiological contaminants. The plants were slow growing. ...

  • GWT Case Study - Agriculture Processing Sector

    Application Case Studies - Agriculture Plant Nursery Challenge A plant nursery company had water quality issues from the well water source that there were using for irrigation purposes in their plant growing operations. These water quality issues including total dissolved salts (TDS) around 2500 mg/l, as well as turbidity, mineral hardness ...

  • Soil moisture dynamics modeling considering multi-layer root zone

    The moisture uptake by plant from soil is a key process for plant growth and movement of water in the soil–plant system. A non-linear root water uptake (RWU) model was developed for a multi-layer crop root zone. The model comprised two parts: (1) model formulation and (2) moisture flow prediction. The developed model was tested for its efficiency in predicting moisture depletion in a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Looking for alternatives: the construction of the organic beef chain in Mugello, Tuscany

    There is a growing consensus that organic farming is undergoing critical changes as it is integrated into food chains. A situation of 'deadly embrace' between organic and retail chains can be observed and explained by the appropriation of both the alternative values and the economic benefits associated with the organic food production by the 'dominant' actors within the conventional agro-food ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Recent Papers on Water Reuse in Irrigation and Agriculture

    The long-term goal of this research is to develop the infra-technologies to reclaim effluents from wastewater treatment plants and reuse them for agricultural water demands. The objectives of this were: 1) to study the effects of various wastewater treatment levels on crop growth and yields; 2) to determine the pollution loads from wastewater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Air pollution modelling of the Calabrian pine forests withered by the Yatagan thermal power plant, Turkey

    The emissions from the chimney of the Yatagan thermal power plant have caused a 3050-hectare forest to wither. Such air pollutants as sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and fly ash are carried towards the Bencikdagi Calabrian pine forests on the prevailing north-east winds. To study these effects, the Q-Basic computer program developed for the Gaussian puff model was used with meteorological data ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Composting of a mixture of orange and cotton Industrial wastes and the influence of adding olivemill Wastewater

    The rapid expansion of the agro-industry during recent decades has led to the increasing production of organic wastes. Some such agroindustrial wastes are olive mill wastewater (OMW), the waste from orange juice extraction (OW) and the waste from cotton gins (CW). The OMW resulting from olive oil production contains olive pulp, mucilage, pectin, oil, the vegetable water of the fruit and the water ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Measurement and modelling of the water requirement of some greenhouse crops with artificial neural networks and genetic algorithm

    Crop evapotranspiration is the most important parameter for management of irrigation systems in greenhouses. This study was conducted to determine the evapotranspiration of cucumber, tomato and peppers, using micro–lysimeter during seven months in a greenhouse located in central region of Iran. Reference evapotranspiration estimated using drainage lysimeters and the water balance of soil ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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