applied agricultural technology Articles

  • Hierarchical modelling applied to agriculture: wheat planting decisions in the Pacific Northwest

    This paper presents a hierarchical decision model that predicted Alturas soft white spring wheat would be the best spring wheat variety to plant in the Pacific Northwest in 2006. Profitability depends on changing market demands and competition with other crops. The challenge of wheat farming is sustaining profitability. A four level hierarchical decision model approach was selected for this ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biotechnology for Environmentally Safe Agriculture

    Issue: In Europe some uses of biotechnology are meeting vocal opposition from certain quarters. Nevertheless, the vast amount of knowledge acquired recently in biology can be used to develop and apply biotechnology for an environmentally safe agriculture. Public acceptance and a new policy impetus can serve to promote the introduction of safe and competitive agricultural technologies that have a ...

  • Role of knowledge in the adoption of new agricultural technologies: an approach and an application

    Empirical studies on agricultural technology adoption generally divide a population into adopters and nonadopters, and analyse the reasons for adoption or nonadoption at a point in time. In reality, technology adoption is not a one-off static decision, rather it involves a dynamic process in which information gathering, learning and experience play pivotal roles, particularly in the early stage ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • `Good Agricultural Practices’ in the Agri-food Supply Chain

    Keywords: Voluntary private standard schemes, food quality, food safety, ethical production, environmental standards, SPS Agreement, TBT Agreement, market entry barriers, product liability. Abstract: Criteria defining 'good agricultural practice' (GAP) were originally developed for on-farm production methods and resource use. For a decade, GAP principles have been applied ...


  • Agricultural Residuals Drive Producer-Owned Energy

    Farmer-owned renewable energy enterprises are increasing rapidly — with alternative fuels such as biodiesel, ethanol and distiller’s grains becoming mainstream. MINNESOTA is home to 16 ethanol plants generating approximately 550 million gallons per year. Most of these new facilities are producer-owned. Many others are under construction or are in the planning process. In 2005, Minnesota farmers ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • CRISPR is coming to agriculture — with big implications for food, farmers, consumers and nature

    Gene editing offers dramatic advances in speed, scope and scale of genetic improvement. It also offers an opportunity for more nuanced GMO governance. Very few technologies truly merit the epithet “game changer” — but a new genetic engineering tool known as CRISPR-Cas9 is one of them. Since we first developed the ability to alter the genetic material inside a plant or animal in ...


    By Ensia

  • Potential water savings associated with agricultural water efficiency improvements: a case study of California, USA

    This study analyzes the potential for water savings from irrigation efficiency improvements in California, USA. We model water savings associated with three efficiency scenarios in wet, average and dry water years. The ‘efficient irrigation technology’ scenario shifts a fraction of the crops from flood irrigation to sprinkler and drip systems; the ‘improved irrigation scheduling’ scenario uses ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Hybrid composting systems: appropriate technology for Austral-Asia?

    Composting is a strongly emerging option in waste management in Austral-asia. It has been widely acknowledged that a successful integrated waste management strategy must adequately address the organic waste stream. Composting is the most economical, efficient and ecologically sustainable option to deal with organic waste if properly managed and economically and socially integrated into a ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Affordable new compost technology provides in-vessel levels of gas emission and odor control

    Increasingly stringent air-emission regulations and demands to better control odors has put an economic strain on industries that recycle large amounts of organic materials, such as compost facilities, dairies, and feedlots. ECS has recently introduced an affordable composting technology to greatly improve facility compliance and odor control. This technology is the AC Composter. Air Quality ...


    By Engineered Compost Systems

  • Prospects of desalination for irrigation water in the Sultanate of Oman

    The most limiting factor for the agricultural sector in the Sultanate of Oman is a lack of water, and security of supply in terms of both quantity and quality. Salinization of both soils and groundwater systems along the coastal strip of Al-Batinah has placed a substantial burden on farmers regarding crop selection and, therefore, farm profitability. Desalination of brackish and seawaters ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ecological modernisation as bureaucracy - organic food and its certification in the UK and India

    This paper seeks to analyse ecological modernisation using a focus on how bureaucracy contributes to constituting ecological modernities in the case of organic food trade in the UK and India. Ecological modernisation is a way for business to apply ecological technologies to satisfy the demands of increasingly affluent publics for higher quality of life, including high environmental standards. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Investing in people and evidence for sustainable farming

    Evaluation of farming systems, new ideas and learning with practitioners should be part of a transformed agriculture. Food security is difficult to pin down. It can be explained simply as access to enough food. But behind that simplicity lies an interconnected web of factors — from food prices to ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • The cloud isn`t just for rain anymore

    Precision agriculture has been a key enabling technology to achieve higher yields with lower cost and less environmental impact, while keeping the cost of food fairly stable Has global agricultural productivity increased or decreased in the last 25 years? It has, in fact, more than doubled since 1985. Next to advances in seed genetics, precision agriculture has been a key enabling ...

  • Application of rural slaughterhouse waste as an organic fertilizer for pot cultivation of solanaceous vegetables in India

    Background:The lack of electricity and water supply in rural abattoirs in developing nations prevents the adoption of waste-processing technologies practiced in economically advanced countries. This research attempts to recycle waste blood and rumen digesta generated in rural slaughterhouses as organic fertilizer, thus promoting sustainable agriculture. Results:The values of 5-day biochemical ...

  • It is vital to reinvigorate organic farming research

    Organic farming can deliver food sustainably, but only with compelling science to boost its use, argues Ged Buffee. With increased yields and ecological stability becoming critical concerns for agricultural development, there's ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • The economic impact of transgenic crops in developing countries: a note on the methods

    A vast literature has accumulated since crop varieties with transgenic resistance to insects and herbicide tolerance were released to farmers in 1996 and 1997. A comparatively minor segment of this literature consists of studies conducted by agricultural economists to measure the farm-level impact of transgenic crop varieties, the size and distribution of the economic benefits from adopting them ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Agroecology Taps a Wellspring of Farming Knowledge

    Agroecology shares family farmers' evolving knowledge — and should go mainstream, says Fernando R. Funes-Monzote. Over recent decades, formal research and extension, led by governments and big enterprises, have led to novel answers for emerging problems in agriculture. However, these have generally ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Tunisia: Reform of irrigation policy and water conservation

    An arid country with limited water resources, Tunisia depends heavily on irrigated agriculture. The sector contributes 30-40% of the value of agricultural production, and is highly important in some regions. However, abstraction for irrigation accounts for 83% of the available water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A policy option for valuing irrigation water in the dry areas

    Participants at the international conference on policies for water and food security in the dry areas, held in June 2013, agreed that, given the fast pace of depletion of groundwater, the issue of water valuation in the dry areas is no longer one of whether or not, but rather of how. Policies that have been or are perceived to have adverse effects on the cost of agricultural production or food ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Regional roundup

    ANAEROBIC DIGESTER ON UNIVERSITY CAMPUS The University of Guelph’s Ridgetown Campus, part of the Ontario Agriculture College (OAC), received an investment of more than US$2.6 million for construction of an anaerobic digester through the Federal Development Agency for Southern Ontario. OAC, with its Center for Agricultural Renewable Energy and Sustainability, views the digester as “a ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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