biofuel crop Articles

  • Monitoring greenhouse gases from biofuel crops

    Global issues such as climate change and energy security have driven rapid growth in renewable energy production - wind, solar, tidal, geothermal, hydro, biofuels etc. However, logically, each of these methods should deliver a net benefit in terms of greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction, so researchers in the United States have employed portable FTIR analysers to study the GHG emissions of biomass ...


    By Gasmet Technologies Oy

  • Dryland performance of sweet sorghum and grain crops for biofuel in Nebraska

    Sweet sorghum [SS; Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is a potential biofuel crop for the Great Plains. Sweet sorghum was compared with corn [Zea mays (L.)] and grain sorghum for potential ethanol yield, energy use efficiency, and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions at seven dryland site-years in Nebraska. Seasonal rainfall ranged from approximately 340 to 660 mm. Soils were deep with medium texture at all ...

  • Cultivating energy crop production

    A NEW Farm Bill is moving through the Congressional legislative process. Along the way, commercial agriculture is debating the energy impacts of future corn and soybean production. The growth of corn-based ethanol and soybean-based biodiesel has created competition for the feed inputs into animal agriculture, namely corn and soybeans. While most of agriculture discusses energy production from ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Investigation on cross-compatibility barriers in the Biofuel Crop Jatropha Curcas L. With wild Jatropha species

    Interspecific hybridization in Jatropha species plays a significant role in crop improvement by transferring useful traits such as yield, high oil content, maximum number of seeds, more femaleness, and hard stems for promoting Jatropha as a biofuel crop. The wide crosses among the species resulted in limited success due to pollen incompatability. Hence, the objective of the study was to assess ...

  • USGS Study Points To Biofuel Crop Related Land-Use Change Reducing Honey Bee Habitat

    On August 29, 2016, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) published a study on the result of land-use changes on North and South Dakota commercial honey bee colonies in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. USGS scientists found that grasslands and other landscape ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Jojoba: A Potential Desert Oil Crop

    Jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis usually grows to a height of 1-2m and may reach heights of three meters or more under ideal growing conditions. S. chinensis has a normal life span of at least 100 years and may live more than 200 years. Pollination is via wind or insects. The fruit is a green capsule enclosing as many three seeds. When ripe (3-6 months after fertilization) the capsule splits and ...


    By Advanced Biofuel Center

  • Piedmont Biofuels Spawns Ecoindustrial Park

    DRIVE to the end of Lorax Lane in Pittsboro, North Carolina, and you will discover a slice of the future of America. In one location, you can find - among other things -a biofuels station, a sustainable farm, a hydroponic greenhouse, a vermicomposting operation, an organic food distributor, a natural bug repellant manufacturer and a bookkeeper. And it all started with Piedmont Biofuels Industrial ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Life cycle analysis of wheat and barley crops for bioethanol production in Spain

    A Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of the agricultural production of wheat and barley grain to be used as a raw material for bioethanol production in Spain is performed. The objective of the work presented is to compare the environmental impact of the production of these two alternative raw materials for the production of bioethanol. This study is carried out in the frame of a higher scope study, a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Focus Bioenergy No 4 2004: Energy crops - a resource for development

    Agricultural fuels like energy forest, straw fuels, ley crops, oil crops and grain can be used for heat, electricity or transports and may become an important complement to forest fuels in replacing the fossil fuels. Cultivation of Salix is already commercially viable in Sweden. The future for agricultural fuels depends on many factors: how the EU’s common agricultural policy will develop, how ...


    By Elmia AB

  • Likely impacts of biofuel expansion on Midwest land and water resources

    US ethanol production should exceed 12 billion gallons by 2010, and EISA 2007 mandates 36 billion gallons by 2022, diverting one-third of corn to ethanol and 13% of soybean production to biodiesel. Increased demand will ricochet through other agricultural sectors and alter production patterns and land use in the Corn Belt. This paper discusses effects of biofuel expansion on land and water ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Growing cool-season crops could save California water

    Farmers base their decisions on which crops to grow based on a number of factors, including yield, water availability, and return on investment. In California, farmers most often decide to plant crops that thrive between March and October. Cool-season crops — those grown between October and June — may ultimately use less irrigation water according to new research from the University ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Scale of biomass production from new woody crops for salinity control in dryland agriculture in Australia

    There is scope internationally to utilise surplus and degraded agricultural land for biomass crops that might also be environmentally beneficial. For example, dryland salinity in southern Australian could be ameliorated using profitable woody biomass crops. A model was developed to predict biomass production from such woody crops. At a biomass price of A$35/t (green) and a water use efficiency of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Genetic improvement of Sorghum as a biofuel feedstock: II. QTL for stem and leaf structural carbohydrates

    Digestion and fermentation of lignocellulosic biomass (i.e., structural carbohydrates) are predicted to deliver higher yields of energy per hectare than sugar and starch (nonstructural carbohydrates), yet little research on genetic variation in crop feedstock biomass traits has been conducted. We investigated the genetic basis of leaf and stem biomass yield and composition in a population derived ...

  • No easy transition

    In September 2007, the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) in Laguna, the Philippines, brought together some 41 experts from agricultural research institutes from around the world for three days. They were brought together by the realization that biofuel production had doubled in the previous five years and was likely to double in the next five. While the US and Brazil produced 90% of ...

  • Mitigating climate change through oil palm cultivation

    Oil palm requires 7-11 times less land area than soyabean, rapeseed and sunflower to produce the same amount of oil. Therefore, the use of palm oil for food and biofuel, has saved 97-159 million ha of land from being deforested for cultivation with lower yielding oil crops. This has avoided 27-45 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2-e) emissions. Oil palm also sequesters eight times more CO2 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Economic Feasibility of Sustainable Non-Food Feedstock Based Biodiesel Production: Moringa

    Development of Moringa as a biofuel crop has largely been underway in India, at CJP where scientists have been assessing new crops to support sustainable rural development. CJP is dedicated to the development of oil seed bearing trees - non-food multiple vegetable oil plantation and technologies in order to reduce dependence on fossil fuels, bring greater control and security of fuel supply and ...


    By Advanced Biofuel Center

  • Eco–efficiency from cradle to grave design system based on atmospheric conditions in the biodiesel manufacturing sector produced from Jatropha curcas for sustainable cleaner production

    Environmental impacts associated with the use of fossil fuels and their potential limitations in supply are driving the development and use of biofuels. A customised framework for eco–efficiency in biodiesel processing sector was considered. The major concepts, definitions, framework assessment, cradle to grave inventory of eco–efficiency are also considered. The paper also gives a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Soil carbon levels in irrigated western corn belt rotations

    Proposals promoting the use of massive amounts of crop residues and other lignocellulosic biomass for biofuel production have increased the need for evaluation of the sustainability of cropping practices and their effect on environment quality. Our objective was to evaluate the effects of crop rotation and N fertilizer management and their stover production characteristics on soil organic carbon ...

  • DOE accepting nominations for biomass research and development technical advisory committee

    On July 15, 2015, DOE posted a solicitation notice for candidates for the Biomass Research and Development Technical Advisory Committee. According to the notice, DOE is specifically looking for candidates with experience in biobased industrial/commercial products, non-federal government engineers or scientists, academia with expertise in ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • America’s Battle with Big Oil

    America’s farmers and biofuels supporters are in a battle with Big Oil over the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS), our nation’s principle biofuels policy. The oil industry, arguably America’s most powerful lobbying force, recently convinced the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to lower total biofuel requirements for 2014. The RFS calls for increasing amounts of biofuels to be ...


    By National Farmers Union

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