biological agriculture Articles

  • Mastering biological industrialisation: a social challenge

    Built largely upon age-old practices and social customs, biological knowledge mobilised both in agriculture and the field of health escaped, for a long time, uniformisation, and thus privatisation. Until recently, in effect, the heterogeneity of practices and social organisations favoured a wide dispersion of production techniques. Price systems and modes of appropriation further strengthened ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • International Day for Biological Diversity 2016

    May 22nd 2016 sees International Day for Biological Diversity (IDBD) return once again. Designed to increase understanding and awareness around some of the world’s most important biodiversity issues, the day was first created back in late 1993 by the Second Committee of the UN General Assembly. Initially, the 29th December was chosen as the International Day for Biological Diversity, due ...


    By Aquaread Limited

  • Biochar: forgotten agricultural nostrum

    What is biochar?  The new multifunctional products are in good request nowadays. One of such innovations is Biochar. This type of charcoal is manufactured using the low-temperature continuous pyrolysis equipment. The raw material for the recycling process is biomass (agricultural and other biological waste). Biochar origins (Terra ...


    By Polvax-Ukraine

  • Biotechnology for Environmentally Safe Agriculture

    Issue: In Europe some uses of biotechnology are meeting vocal opposition from certain quarters. Nevertheless, the vast amount of knowledge acquired recently in biology can be used to develop and apply biotechnology for an environmentally safe agriculture. Public acceptance and a new policy impetus can serve to promote the introduction of safe and competitive agricultural technologies that have a ...

  • The state of composting and biological waste treatment in the UK

    In 2005/06 3.4 million tonnes of source segregated waste was composted, an increase of 28% on the previous year. 85% was municipal waste, with just over half of this collected at civic amenity sites Less than one per cent of municipal waste was kitchen waste collected at the kerbside 65% of waste composted was composted at dedicated composting / biological treatment sites, with 10% on farm and ...

  • 10 messages for 2010 - agricultural ecosystems

    Introduction: biodiversity, agriculture and the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) Europe"s agricultural sector has received sustained public support under the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) over the last 50 years. This support has evolved alongside growing recognition and awareness of the strong links between agricultural production and biological diversity ...

  • Induced technical and institutional change in tropical agriculture

    The author employs a model in which the direction of technical change is induced by changes in relative resource endowments to interpret the trajectories of technical change in both developed and developing country agriculture. An international agricultural research system, an institutional innovation supported by the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), has become ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • After 10,000 years of agriculture, whither agronomy?

    The evolution of agriculture within the last 11,000 yr marked the first major inflection point in food yield and changed forever the character of the human condition. The application of technology to agriculture early in the 20th Century induced the next major crop yield inflexion point. Identifying the technological wellspring from which increased rates of productivity will be obtained in the ...

  • EPA Makes Available Supporting Documents for Endangered Species Biological Evaluations

    On December 11, 2015, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Office of Pesticide Programs (OPP) made publicly available several documents associated with the Biological Evaluations (BE) for the first three “pilot” chemicals that are being evaluated: chlorpyrifos, ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Use of vermicomposting biotechnology for recycling organic wastes in agriculture

    Recent trend of declining sustainability in agricultural production is appearing as a major threat to most of the Asian countries. To combat the situation, increasing importance is now being paid on incorporation of organic materials for rejuvenating the health condition and, hence, the productivity of these soils. Large scale availability of conventional organic manures being a big problem ...

  • Bi-On, a product suitable for use in organic agriculture

    Bi-On, a product suitable for use in organic farming Ecological, organic or biological agriculture is a cultivation system based on the optimum use of natural resources without using synthetic chemicals or genetically modified organisms (GMOs), thus being able to produce organic foods, as well as preserving the fertility of the soil and respecting the environment. All this in a ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • Application of nitrogen and phosphorus criteria for streams in agricultural landscapes

    Efforts to control eutrophication of water resources in agriculturally dominated ecosystems have focused on managing on-farm activities to reduce nutrient loss; however, another management measure for improving water quality is adoption of environmental performance criteria (or ‘outcome-based standards’). Here, we review approaches for setting environmental quality criteria for nutrients, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • On the economics of controlling an invasive plant: a stochastic analysis of a biological control agent

    Invasive plants can cause significant problems in natural and agricultural ecosystems. It is recognised that biological agents may assist in controlling invasions, but due to stochastic effects of biological control, the biological agent may not be effective. In this article, we analyse to what extent the stochastic effects of a biological control agent affect the optimal choice of control ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Rotary batch blender mixes biological products that boost farm crops

    Agriculture has never been more challenging and fertility efficiency tools, such as inoculants, more important. Modern farmers rely on technology and production practices to significantly increase the yield of their food crops. Biological products like inoculants are a vital part of that strategy. Novozymes Biologicals is an industry leader in developing and manufacturing inoculants, which are a ...

  • The essential oils in agriculture as an alternative strategy to herbicides: a case study

    In this study we investigated the allelopathic effect of some essential oils extracted from aromatic plants to inhibit weed seed germination. The study was performed to evaluate the potential genotoxic effect of lavender on Vicia faba root meristems by genotoxicity tests (comet assay and micronuclei test) and to evaluate microbial diversity fluctuation by Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Controversy about agricultural technology lessons from the green revolution

    The development and introduction of transgenically modified organisms to enhance crop and animal production has generated considerable controversy about potential food safety and environmental impacts. The introduction, in tropical Latin America and Asia, of high yielding varieties of wheat, maize and rice beginning in the late 1960s was also controversial. Critics argued that the new technology ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Agricultural land use and economic growth: environmental implications of the Kuznets curve

    The expansion of agricultural land use has been associated with the loss of environmental amenities, such as biological diversity, ecosystem services, and aesthetic values. Here, the determinants of agricultural land use are examined, drawing on panel data from 121 countries over the period 1965–1987. The analysis finds that an inverted U curve (or "environmental Kuznets curve") describes the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Uses of winery and distillery effluents in agriculture: characterisation of nutrient and hazardous components

    ABSTRACTTwenty-one samples of winery and distillery effluents were collected from different Spanish winery and distillery industries. Electrical conductivity, pH, redox potential, density, organic charge (chemical oxygen demand, biological oxygen demand, total, volatile and suspended solids, oxidisable organic C and polyphenols) and contents of plant nutrients and heavy metals were analysed. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Environmental dimensions of fertilizer and pesticide use; relevance to Indian agriculture

    This paper presents an overview of the environmental consequences of fertilizers and pesticides in agriculture and the measures needed to mitigate the adverse impact of these chemicals on environment. The issues are then analysed from the perspective of the use of fertilizers and pesticides in Indian agriculture. Fertilizer consumption in India is concentrated in about one-third of the cultivated ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Agricultural Use of Different Residual Waste Composts - Current Situation and Experiences in France

    ABSTRACT Quality standards have been recently established in France for sewage sludge composts and other urban composts (greenwaste, biowaste and municipal solid waste composts). These standards allow to guarantee the innocuousness of the composts. Other standards have been defined in order to predict the compost effects on soil properties: the index of biological stability (ISB), based on ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

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