biomass crop Articles

  • Growth analysis of biomass production in sole-crop and double-crop corn systems

    Increased biomass productivity could be achieved through double-cropping if extended growth duration could be realized with minimal reductions in growth efficiency relative to sole-cropping. To test this hypothesis, functional growth analysis was used to assess the relative importance of photosynthetic duration and efficiency in determining biomass production by sole-crop corn (Zea mays L.; SC) ...

  • Weed biomass and species composition as affected by an integrated crop–livestock system

    Crop and livestock production are rarely integrated together in modern farming systems. Reintegrating crops with livestock production has been shown to produce many agronomic and environmental benefits. The objective of this study was to evaluate how an integrated crop–livestock system would influence weed biomass and weed species composition compared with a conventional, continuous corn (Zea ...

  • NNFCC Crop Chooser

    This decision tree offers advice on which crops to grow for different non-food markets. Summary The crop chooser is a simple tool that helps growers understand the risks and opportunities associated with diversifying into non-food crops. By deciding on the value, risk, level of management and investment you are willing to accept the crop chooser will help identify ...


    By NNFCC

  • Cultivating energy crop production

    A NEW Farm Bill is moving through the Congressional legislative process. Along the way, commercial agriculture is debating the energy impacts of future corn and soybean production. The growth of corn-based ethanol and soybean-based biodiesel has created competition for the feed inputs into animal agriculture, namely corn and soybeans. While most of agriculture discusses energy production from ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Scale of biomass production from new woody crops for salinity control in dryland agriculture in Australia

    There is scope internationally to utilise surplus and degraded agricultural land for biomass crops that might also be environmentally beneficial. For example, dryland salinity in southern Australian could be ameliorated using profitable woody biomass crops. A model was developed to predict biomass production from such woody crops. At a biomass price of A$35/t (green) and a water use efficiency of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Alternative crop rotations under mediterranean no-Tillage conditions: biomass, grain yield, and water-use efficiency

    In Mediterranean semiarid areas, barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) are major crops because they are well adapted to limited-water environments. In this study we tested the performance of alternative rotations to the typical barley and wheat monocultures in a rainfed Mediterranean semiarid area of northeastern Spain under a no-tillage (NT) system. Four rotations were ...

  • Liquid fuels from woody biomass

    Although challenges like global climate change and oil depletion will increasingly drive fuel selection, increasing bioenergy use is only one of many possible responses to these problems. Present biomass liquid fuels are almost all derived from food crops, but their potential for further expansion is limited. Any major expansion of biomass liquid fuels will require use of the more abundant ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Reuse of constructed wetland effluents for irrigation of energy crops

    The aim of this study was to evaluate biomass production of promising ‘no-food’ energy crops, Vetiveria zizanoides (L.) Nash, Miscanthus × giganteus Greef et Deu. and Arundo donax (L.), irrigated with low quality water at different evapotranspiration restitutions. Two horizontal subsurface flow (H-SSF) constructed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Applying ERP to the biomass supply chain

    Green alternatives to hydrocarbon-based fuels are increasingly derived from recycled waste materials, including paper and packaging materials; residues from other industrial processes, and perhaps most importantly, biomass. Biomass comprises plant waste and plant by-products, and currently represents one of the most exciting avenues of research in the development of alternatives to fossil fuels. ...


    By MHG Systems Ltd

  • Heterosis in switchgrass: Biomass yield in swards

    Improving the biomass yield of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) will improve its utility as a dedicated energy crop by increasing both its net and total energy yield per hectare. In a previous space-transplanted study, midparent heterosis for biomass yield was reported for population and specific F1 hybrids of the lowland-tetraploid cultivar Kanlow and the upland-tetraploid cultivar Summer. ...

  • Dryland crop yields and soil organic matter as influenced by long-term tillage and cropping sequence

    Novel management practices are needed to improve the declining dryland crop yields and soil organic matter contents using conventional farming practices in the northern Great Plains. We evaluated the 21-yr effect of tillage and cropping sequence on dryland grain and biomass (stems + leaves) yields of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), and pea (Pisum sativum L.) and ...

  • Woody Biomass as renewable energy source

    In-depth analysis in Minnesota assesses the feasibility and cost-effectiveness of regional biomass generated electricity projects that tap into local feedstocks. The Center for Energy and Environment (CEE) in Minneapolis, Minnesota undertook a multiphase research project to create a framework that communities and legislators can use to determine the feasibility of biomass-generated electricity in ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Sand abrasion injury and biomass partitioning in cotton seedlings

    Wind blown soil particle abrasion negatively impacts millions of hectares of crops annually. The goal of this study was to examine the effects of wind and wind blown sand abrasion damage on cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) seedling biomass partitioning to leaves, stems, and roots. Seedlings of three cotton cultivars were exposed to no wind (untreated controls) or sand abrasive flux densities of 0, ...

  • Aquacrop—the FAO crop model to simulate yield response to water

    This article introduces the FAO crop model AquaCrop. It simulates attainable yields of major herbaceous crops as a function of water consumption under rainfed, supplemental, deficit, and full irrigation conditions. The growth engine of AquaCrop is water-driven, in that transpiration is calculated first and translated into biomass using a conservative, crop-specific parameter: the biomass water ...

  • O3 sensitivity in a potential C4 bioenergy crop: Sugarcane in California

    The C4 perennial grasses have many potential virtues as bioenergy crops—high productivity and water use efficiency, multiyear crop cycle that minimizes replanting costs, and wide environmental adaptation. In the productive San Joaquin Valley (SJV) of California, these species also confront high levels of ozone (O3) air pollution. It is often assumed that C4 species will exhibit tolerance to O3, ...

  • Summer cover crop and management system affect lettuce and cantaloupe production system

    Cover crops are widely used in both conventional and organic systems to protect and improve the soil. This study evaluated the effect of summer cover crop and management system on the production of fall romaine lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) and spring cantaloupe (Cucumis melo L.) from 1999 to 2003. Cover crop treatments included cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.] incorporated (CPI), cowpea used ...

  • Uncomposted wool and hair-wastes as soil amendments for high-value crops

    The hypothesis of this work was that uncomposted sheep wool and human hair could be used as nutrient source for nonedible high-value plants. Pot and field experiments were conducted to assess uncomposted sheep wool-wastes and human hair-wastes as a nutrient source for high-value crops and to evaluate the effect of these waste materials on soil microbial community and mycorrhizae. In the pot ...

  • Broiler litter fertilization and cropping system impacts on soil properties

    Understanding the effects of management practices on soil properties is necessary because soil properties are directly related to the capacity of soil to function. Soil physical, chemical and biological properties were determined after 3 yr in three cropping sequences [continuous cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) (CCC), cotton-corn (Zea mays L.)-cotton (CMC), and corn-cotton-cotton (MCC) each at ...

  • Benefits of vetch and rye cover crops to sweet corn under no-tillage

    Leguminous cover crops (CCs) may reduce N fertilizer requirements by fixing N biologically and storing leftover N-fertilizer applied in the previous year. The objective of this study was to determine the contribution of CCs [rye (Secale cereal L.) and hairy vetch (Vicia villosa Roth)] on plant N nutrition and weed suppression to the following sweet corn (Zea mays L.). The CCs were planted in the ...

  • Soil quality and corn yield under crop–livestock integration in Illinois

    Compared with traditional cropping systems, integrated crop–livestock systems have shown greater efficiency in improving soil quality and crop yield. The objective of this study was to determine how an integrated crop–livestock system affected soil properties and corn (Zea mays L.) yield when compared with continuous corn (CC). The study was conducted from 2004–2008 on a large-scale research farm ...

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