cereal farming Articles

  • Chemical composition of residue from cereal crops and cultivars in dryland ecosystems

    Cropping systems in the dryland farming region of eastern Washington State are dominated by winter and spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). Excessive levels of residue may be an obstacle in the adoption of conservation farming systems. Decomposition of cereal crop residues is associated with fiber and nutrient content, and growers have observed differences ...

  • Control of cereal rye with a roller/crimper as influenced by cover crop phenology

    Adoption of reduced tillage practices have been driven by the need to enhance soil quality, minimize field labor time, and scale up farm size. However, concerns about increased reliance on herbicides and demand for organically grown foods call for adoption of production practices that can reduce both tillage and herbicide use. This research study assessed the influence of planting and termination ...

  • A review of the phosphorus content of dry cereal and legume crops of the world

    When food scarcity increases, instability in society increases. The majority of food consumed is from cereals and legumes. Phosphorus is essential for crop plant growth and soils are depleted as this element is removed from crop lands with harvested grains/seeds. To sustain yields, inputs of nutrients are required to balance losses. On global and continental/regional bases, we assembled nine ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A Global Assessment of the Water Footprint of Farm Animal Products

    The increase in the consumption of animal products is likely to put further pressure on the world’s freshwater resources. This paper provides a comprehensive account of the water footprint of animal products, considering different production systems and feed composition per animal type and country. Nearly one-third of the total water footprint of agriculture in the world is related to the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Family farms can be competitive by focusing on conservation and stewardship

    While the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) reports a 40 percent decline in U.S. cropland soil erosion rates from 1982 to 2007, recent trends appear to challenge this progress. Record prices for corn and soybeans have diverted acres out of conservation programs and encouraged intensive production on a wide scale. Tree lines are cleared and wet areas drained, turning 120-acre farms into ...


    By National Farmers Union

  • From factory to farm – industry opportunities for surplus food

    Food waste management is a common topic in the industry, as manufacturers and retailers strive to improve their environmental compliance and, ultimately, their profitability. But in line with the increasingly popular concept of the circular economy, specialist surplus food recycler SugaRich is working with producers and stores, large and small, to show that this ...


    By SugaRich

  • Analysis of price volatility of mineral fertilisers: possible issues for European farmers

    European farmers are currently affected by an increase in the price of fertilisers (from an index of 100 in 2005 to 150 in 2012 after it peaked at almost 200 at the end of 2008) that calls into question the future availability of these kinds of inputs. Since 2007, the strong demand from emerging countries, geopolitical tensions over natural resources, and the rise in the price of energy have been ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Tilapia Feed Formulation and Feeding Technique

    Different Tilapia feed formulation are offered for Tilapia fish in different growth periods and feeding techniques skills are also of importance for fish farming. There are fish feed raw materials: Bran chaff feed, oil cake feed, amphibious plant feed, pomace feed, cereal feed, animal feed, compound feed. For more information, please click the following ...

  • Effects of different composts on soil nitrogen balance and dynamics in a biennial crop succession

    Italy is faced with increasing pressures to reduce the amount of refuse disposed of in landfills. Compost represents a contribution to solve this problem. To give information for the correct management of composts as nitrogen fertiliser, it is necessary to assess their nitrogen release rhythm compared with the crop needs. This semi-field trial investigated the performance of three different ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Transition from intensive tillage to no-tillage and organic diversified annual cropping systems

    Transition to no-till (NT) and organic (ORG) farming systems may enhance sustainability. Our objectives were to compare transitional crop productivity and soil nutrient status among diversified NT and ORG cropping systems in Montana. Three NT systems were designed as 4-yr rotations, including a pulse (lentil [Lens culinaris Medik.] or pea [Pisum sativum L.]), an oilseed (canola [Brassica napus ...

  • 8 million kWh of green electricity generated for the Italian grid

    Location Volta Mantovana/Italy Capacity 999 kWel In operation since 07/2009 Input materials Cattle liquid manure, solid manure, maize and whole-plant silage Features Thanks to innovative technologies like EnviTec Feedcontrol, the Italian plant has a capacity of approximately 99 percent. ...


    By EnviTec Biogas AG

  • Agriculture and Environment in EU-15 — the IRENA Indicator Report

    Background and purpose The IRENA operation (Indicator Reporting on the Integration of Environmental Concerns into Agriculture Policy) is a joint exercise between several Commission directorates-generals (DG Agriculture and Rural Development, DG Environment, Eurostat and DG Joint Research Centre, and the European Environment Agency (EEA) to develop agri-environmental indicators for monitoring the ...

  • Science’s role in growing diverse, nutritious food

    Can science meet the demand for more diverse and nutritious food? Jan Piotrowski investigates. The riots that swept Africa in 2007 and 2008 in response to the spiralling costs of staple crops brought the effects of food shortages into sharp focus. Images of unrest circled the globe, and the consequent instability brought to the forefront of political debate a question that had ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Wholesale arable change leads to tight slug control

    "Eight years into implementing a zero-till policy across the farm, we’re seeing improved yields of 10 tonnes per hectare for our first year wheat, and five tonnes per hectare on winter beans. We’ve also noticed that we continue to see year-on-year improvements to soil structure and crop yields. “The winter beans have been extremely valuable in the rotation to ensure nitrogen and ...


    By Certis UK

  • Dutch dealer creates Tricycle Valtra for customer

    In early March we visited W. and J. Schutte on their arable farm in Nagele, the Netherlands. The agricultural countryside in the Northeast Polder region is beautiful, and the sun is shining. The company is making itself ready for the first fieldwork in springtime. The previous day the Schuttes took delivery of two new Valtra N143 HiTech3 tractors, but they are not identical; on one, the front ...

  • A big slug year ahead?

    In addition to the weather, stubble clean-ups and green bridge carry-over are the two other major contributors, which means that high slug pellet usage on farms across the UK is likely this year, explains Justin Smith agronomist for Bartholomews Agri Food Ltd. “I work with farmers in the East Sussex and Kent areas, most of whom farm in vulnerable water catchment areas and are looking for ...


    By Certis UK

  • Pesticides in the European Union

    There has been a sharply falling trend in the total volume of sales of agricultural pesticides in the EU between 1991 and 1995. But this was reversed in 1996. From 1991-1995, EU sales of pesticides, measured by weight of active ingredients (ai), fell by 13%. They then rose by 6% between 1995 and 1996 to stand at 299,826 tonnes ai. But this still put them nearly 8% below the 1991 figure. The use ...

  • Giant black-grass requires lock stock approach

    Nigel Riches, Arable Technical Specialist for Certis, explains what he’s been seeing in the field. “Black-grass is a problem that in the past has generally been confined to the main arable areas, in the east of the country. “But increasingly we’re seeing this pernicious weed spreading further west each season. Where previously black-grass has not been a big issue in the ...


    By Certis UK

  • Improving Food Security in the Sahel is difficult, but achievable

    Africa’s Sahel suffers from degraded soils, erratic rainfall, and an exploding population—all of which hold huge implications for the region’s food security. A recent speech quantified just how dire the situation is this year. Valerie Amos, the United Nations coordinator for emergency relief, estimated at a conference in Rome earlier this month that 20 million people in the ...

  • Burkina Faso farmers lead the way on food security and climate change resilience

    If you want to know how to grow crops in the face of climate change, drought, and land degradation, ask Ousséni Kindo, Ousséni Zoromé, or Yacouba Sawadogo—three farmers in Burkina Faso’s Yatenga region. Policy makers, researchers, and NGO representatives gathered earlier this year at ...

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