cereal production Articles

  • Cereal extract for novel non-alcoholic beverages

    Customer: Sinebrychoff Challenge: Developing a tasty, healthy and microbiologically stable cereal extract to be used as a base for novel, non-alcoholic beverages Solution: Barley malt was processed with the aim of maximising the extraction of bioactive compounds. Microbial strains were selected and fermentation conditions optimised with special emphasis ...

  • Synthetic nitrogen fertilizers deplete soil nitrogen: a global dilemma for sustainable cereal production

    Received for publication December 19, 2008. Cereal production that now sustains a world population of more than 6.5 billion has tripled during the past 40 yr, concurrent with an increase from 12 to 104 Tg yr–1 of synthetic N applied largely in ammoniacal fertilizers. These fertilizers have been managed as a cost-effective form of insurance against low yields, without regard to the inherent effect ...

  • Preplant herbicides don`t increase forage production of cereal rye interseeded into bermudagrass

    Interseeding cereal rye (Secale cereale L.) into a bermudagrass sod [Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.] can increase season-long forage production and land use efficiency. However, previous research has shown that competition from the bermudagrass sod can significantly reduce autumn forage production from cereal rye. Our objective was to determine if the application of a preplant herbicide to a ...

  • A review of the phosphorus content of dry cereal and legume crops of the world

    When food scarcity increases, instability in society increases. The majority of food consumed is from cereals and legumes. Phosphorus is essential for crop plant growth and soils are depleted as this element is removed from crop lands with harvested grains/seeds. To sustain yields, inputs of nutrients are required to balance losses. On global and continental/regional bases, we assembled nine ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Control of cereal rye with a roller/crimper as influenced by cover crop phenology

    Adoption of reduced tillage practices have been driven by the need to enhance soil quality, minimize field labor time, and scale up farm size. However, concerns about increased reliance on herbicides and demand for organically grown foods call for adoption of production practices that can reduce both tillage and herbicide use. This research study assessed the influence of planting and termination ...

  • Establishment and growth of self-seeded winter cereal cover crops in a soybean–corn rotation

    Perpetuating cereal cover crops through self-seeding may increase adoption by reducing risk and cost. Winter rye (Secale cereale L.), wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), and triticale (x Triticosecale Wittmack) were used to develop self-seeding cover crop systems in a soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.]–corn (Zea mays L.) rotation. Cereals were planted and managed chemically and mechanically in varying ...

  • Environmental analysis of beer production

    The concept of sustainable development is focused on the improvement of the quality of life, avoiding the unbalanced utilisation of natural resources. Several concepts have recently been developed to evaluate the use of resources and the environmental management from an individual to a global scope. One of them, Life Cycle Assessment, has been considered for the environmental analysis of a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Meeting the challenges of global rice production

    Rice is the second most widely grown cereal crop and the staple food for more than half the world’s population. More than 3 billion people consume more than 100 kg of rice per year. Rice is cultivated on 155.5 million ha with an average growth rate of 0.39% a year, in the last 30 years. In the near future, the possibility for expanding areas under rice based systems will remain very limited ...


    By Springer

  • Boost grain preservation before production

    Better grain storage would save money and feed over a billion, says Digvir S. Jayas. It deserves more attention. Annually over 2.6 billion tonnes of grains — cereals, oilseeds and pulses — are grown and then stored along the chain from producers to consumers. Most countries do not systematically report how much grain becomes unfit for human consumption during storage, but ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • A Global Assessment of the Water Footprint of Farm Animal Products

    The increase in the consumption of animal products is likely to put further pressure on the world’s freshwater resources. This paper provides a comprehensive account of the water footprint of animal products, considering different production systems and feed composition per animal type and country. Nearly one-third of the total water footprint of agriculture in the world is related to the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biocontrol of aspergillus flavus and aflatoxin b1 production in corn

    Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus are the most important aflatoxin-producing filamentous fungi. They can occur in several plant products, like spices, cereals and oily seeds (Jelinek 1998, Pittet, 1998 and Lewellyn, 1992). Aflatoxins (AF) are secondary metabolites with a high carcinogenic potential, especially in liver tissue. In addition the aflatoxins possess an acute toxicity at ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Challenges and opportunities for a sustainable rice production in Europe and Mediterranean area

    Rice is the second largest cereal crop grown worldwide. One-half of the world population and virtually all of East and Southeast Asia is wholly dependent upon rice. Rice production in the Mediterranean regions dates back to the seventh century. This crop was first introduced into Egypt and gradually spread, towards the fifteenth century, to most countries of the Mediterranean basin. Rice is at ...


    By Springer

  • Dairy cattle manure improves soil productivity in low residue rotation systems

    Mineral fertilizer alone may not sustain soil productivity in cropping systems that return little crop residues to the soil, unless additional organic residues and/or manure is applied regularly to the soil. The objective of the present study was to assess the long-term effects of mineral fertilization (No fertilizer, PK, and NPK) and manure addition (0 and 20 Mg ha–1 yr–1) on soil physical and ...

  • Sward management effects on forage component responses in a production system for early weaned calves

    There has been limited research to define appropriate management practices for pastures grazed by early weaned calves. Experiments were conducted from January to April (cool season) and May to July (warm season) 2003 and 2004 to evaluate the effects of N fertilization and regrowth interval on herbage mass and nutritive value of rye (Secale cereale L.)-annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) ...

  • Corn belt assessment of cover crop management and preferences

    Surveying end-users about their use of technologies and preferences provides information for researchers and educators to develop relevant research and educational programs. A mail survey was sent to Corn Belt farmers during 2006 to quantify cover crop management and preferences. Results indicated that the dominant cereal cover crops in Indiana and Illinois are winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) ...

  • Root-lesion Nematodes reduce yield of intolerant wheat and barley

    Root-lesion nematodes (Pratylenchus neglectus and P. thornei) are widely distributed and substantially reduce grain yields in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)-producing regions of the Pacific Northwest (PNW). The objective of this research was to determine if wheat and barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) cultivars differ in tolerance to these nematode species. Field experiments were conducted by comparing ...

  • Cold Turkey? Dealing with agricultural trade liberalisation

    Turkey has a particular interest in the WTO agricultural negotiations in view of its significant agricultural sector. This paper undertakes a quantitative analysis of trade liberalisation and its impact on Turkish agriculture. We use UNCTAD's Agricultural Trade Policy Simulation Model (ATPSM). A likely scenario suggests that Turkey may face higher import bills as world prices for cereals are ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Feed to food risk assessment, with particular reference to mycotoxins in bovine feed

    Recent food safety scares, in particular those relating to bovine spongiform encephalopathy and Escherichia coli, have highlighted the need to assure consumers of the quality of the food they eat. It is necessary to highlight the procedures in place for minimising potential risks to animals and subsequent risks to consumers from animal derived food products. The potential dangers of mycotoxins in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Impact of irrigation water scarcity on rural household food security and income in Pakistan

    As Pakistan is currently facing a severe shortage of irrigation water, this paper analyzes the determinants of water scarcity and its impact on the yield of cereal crops (wheat, maize and rice), household income, food security and poverty levels by employing the propensity-score-matching approach. This study is based on a comprehensive set of cross-sectional data collected from 950 farmers ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Analysis of price volatility of mineral fertilisers: possible issues for European farmers

    European farmers are currently affected by an increase in the price of fertilisers (from an index of 100 in 2005 to 150 in 2012 after it peaked at almost 200 at the end of 2008) that calls into question the future availability of these kinds of inputs. Since 2007, the strong demand from emerging countries, geopolitical tensions over natural resources, and the rise in the price of energy have been ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you