chain feeding Articles

  • Moving Up the Food Chain

    For most of the time that human beings have walked the earth, we lived as hunter-gatherers. The share of the human diet that came from hunting versus gathering varied with geographic location, hunting skills, and the season of the year. During the northern hemisphere winter, for instance, when there was little food to gather, people there depended heavily on hunting for survival. Our long history ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Can the World Feed China?

    By Lester R. Brown Overnight, China has become a leading world grain importer, set to buy a staggering 22 million tons in the 2013–14 trade year, according to the latest U.S. Department of Agriculture projections. As recently as 2006—just eight years ago—China had a grain surplus and was exporting 10 million tons. What caused this dramatic shift? It wasn’t until 20 years ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Feed to food risk assessment, with particular reference to mycotoxins in bovine feed

    Recent food safety scares, in particular those relating to bovine spongiform encephalopathy and Escherichia coli, have highlighted the need to assure consumers of the quality of the food they eat. It is necessary to highlight the procedures in place for minimising potential risks to animals and subsequent risks to consumers from animal derived food products. The potential dangers of mycotoxins in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biotechnology and the changing structure of agri-food supply chains

    Rapid technological change in agricultural biotechnology, the characteristics of the technology and firms' strategic responses have altered the structure of the agricultural input supply sector and are changing vertical relationships between firms downstream in the agri-food chain. A number of economic theories shed light on what is happening, why it is happening and how the agri-food chain may ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Overfishing Threatens Critical Link in the Food Chain

    The fish near the bottom of the aquatic food chain are often overlooked, but they are vital to healthy oceans and estuaries. Collectively known as forage fish, these species—including sardines, anchovies, herrings, and shrimp-like crustaceans called krill—feed on plankton and become food themselves for larger fish, seabirds, and marine mammals. Historically, people have eaten ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • `Good Agricultural Practices’ in the Agri-food Supply Chain

    Keywords: Voluntary private standard schemes, food quality, food safety, ethical production, environmental standards, SPS Agreement, TBT Agreement, market entry barriers, product liability. Abstract: Criteria defining 'good agricultural practice' (GAP) were originally developed for on-farm production methods and resource use. For a decade, GAP principles have been applied ...


  • CORNucopia of Opportunity in the Heartland: Or Just More Feed for the Political Cattle?

    We now live in a carbon constrained world. Fears of human induced climate change are bringing about changes in government, corporate and consumer behaviors. Investments in renewable energy are increasing, corporations are greening everything from their supply chain to their vehicle fleet, and consumers are seeking to minimize their ecologic footprint as well. Are some of our greening efforts ...


    By AHC Group

  • Energy use and greenhouse gas emissions and related improvement options of the broiler chicken meat supply chain

    Energy consumption and the climate–change impact (i.e., carbon footprint) of a typical Finnish broiler chicken fillet product were studied using a supply–chain integrated life cycle assessment method. All essential production stages from parent stock and production of farming inputs to product distribution and sales in retail stores were included in the assessment. The results of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Creating a Sustainable Food Future: Interim Findings - A menu of solutions to sustainably feed more than 9 billion people by 2050

    The world’s agricultural system faces a great balancing act. To meet different human needs, by 2050 it must simultaneously produce far more food for a population expected to reach about 9.6 billion, provide economic opportunities for the hundreds of millions of rural poor who depend on agriculture for their livelihoods, and reduce environmental impacts, including ecosystem degradation and ...

  • Nitrogen pollution control in the European Union: challenging the requirements of the Nitrates Directive with the Agenda 2000 proposals

    Nitrogen pollution resulting from agricultural activities is a major threat to the quality of the European environment. This paper aims to qualify the importance of nutritional management in reducing nitrogen pollution from intensive livestock production and to quantify its potential results where applicable. Reform of agricultural policy may achieve the economic and environmental benefits of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Article: Consultative Opinion on Liability of Public and Private Actors for Genetic Contamination of Non-GM Crops

    By ICEAC Chamber of Consults     The basic claim of the request is formulated in the following terms: in case of GMO contamination in non-GMOs crops, especially in absence of national legislation, who is responsible to pay the damage among all the different public and private actors involved in the GMO chain of production, distribution and ...


  • Influence of dietary cholesterol and stress on the metabolism of linoleic acid: Δ6-desaturase activity vs. product/precursor ratios

    Δ6-desaturase is a membrane bound enzyme located in a pivotal position within the Essential Fatty Acid metabolic pathway. Changes in the activity of Δ6-desaturase affect the cellular provision of long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and therefore factors that influence this enzyme are considered relevant to disease processes. This study investigated the effects of social isolation stress and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Pop Levels and The Importance of Source Proximity in Baltic and Svalbard Breeding Common Eiders

    The distance to sources and the long‐range transport potential of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are important in understanding the impact of anthropogenic pollution on natural seabird populations. In the present study we documented blood concentrations of POPs in the Baltic population of common eiders (Somateria mollissima) in 2009 and in 2011, and compared the concentrations to the ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Shrimp farming: Why prevention is better than medicine

    Disease challenges that have affected a number of key shrimp production regions around the world in recent years have increased the focus on producing healthier and more robust stocks. In addition to establishing very strict sanitary requirements, many shrimp farmers have sought new health-specific diets across the shrimp lifecycle that progress growth and reduce bacterial challenges. Some, ...


    By Skretting - Nutreco Group

  • From factory to farm – industry opportunities for surplus food

    Food waste management is a common topic in the industry, as manufacturers and retailers strive to improve their environmental compliance and, ultimately, their profitability. But in line with the increasingly popular concept of the circular economy, specialist surplus food recycler SugaRich is working with producers and stores, large and small, to show that this ...


    By SugaRich

  • Choosing your conveyance: the best solution?

    Choosing the right type of conveyance for your operation is critical to your success. In terms of operational efficiency, you need to be able to move your product quickly and with as low a cost as possible. In addition to moving your product efficiently, you must protect its quality and prevent damage along the way. These two priorities; efficiency and product protection, may vary in level of ...


    By Norstar Industries

  • Producer of pet and livestock vitamins and minerals relies on rotary batch mixers

    ADM Alliance Nutrition, Inc. is a leading manufacturer and distributor of vitamin and trace mineral pre-mixes, ingredients and food additives used in manufacturing pet food products. In addition, about 10 per cent of the company's output is mixes for bovine and swine feed. "We run about 1100 pre-mixes from 400 different powdered ingredients largely for pet food producers," notes Alliance ...

  • Environment v economic downturn

    Trucost research for the TEEB for Business Coalition Natural Capital at Risk finds that the environmental costs of business are costing the global economy $7.3 trillion a year (equivalent to the GDP of China) from the loss of natural resources and ecosystem services, greenhouse gas ...


    By Trucost Plc

  • Clean, green and powered by cow patties

    Two dome-like structures rise out of the thick ice fog of a Prairie winter day. From a distance, a science-fiction city seems to be taking shape on the rolling grasslands of east-central Alberta. Then, as you draw near, another sensation takes hold – the oppressively pungent odour of cow manure. On this day, the enveloping fog is making the smell worse than usual, explains Bern ...


    By Himark bioGas Inc

  • India's Dangerous 'Food Bubble'

    India is now the world's third-largest grain producer after China and the United States. The adoption of higher-yielding crop varieties and the spread of irrigation have led to this remarkable tripling of output since the early 1960s. Unfortunately, a growing share of the water that irrigates three-fifths of India's grain harvest is coming from wells that are starting to go dry. This sets the ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

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