composting temperature Articles

  • Composting

    Introduction Composting is a controlled biological process by which organic contaminants (e.g., PAHs) are converted by microorganisms (under aerobic and anaerobic conditions) to innocuous, stabilized byproducts. Typically, thermophilic conditions (54 to 65 °C) must be maintained to properly compost soil contaminated with hazardous organic contaminants. The increased temperatures result from heat ...

  • The influence of aeration system, temperature and compost origin on the phytotoxicity of compost tea

    Numerous studies have evaluated compost teas’ capacity to suppress plant disease, but no study has been made of possible compost tea phytotoxicity. In this study, 24 assays were carried out on compost tea produced from three different composts: one produced from bovine manure (M) and two others made from municipal solid waste but differing in the degree of stability (stable: MSW I and unstable: ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Development of time-temperature probes for tracking inactivation during composting

    Performing compost quality assessment such as compost stability is quite necessary for rating the quality of horse manure and biowaste composts and meeting specific regulatory requirements on the composition and compost process. The aim of this study was to identify an appropriate feedstock composition for use in the production of high quality compost. The objectives were to (1) identify an ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Development of time-temperature probes for tracking pathogen inactivation during composting

    Pathogen inactivation is expected to occur in compost if temperatures over 55°C (131°F) are maintained for at least 3 days, or 15 days in windrows. However, a literature review revealed pathogen survival in a significant number of processes appearing to meet the prescribed time-temperature criteria. It was hypothesized that pathogen survival may be due to the existence of undetected temperature ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Compost Users Forum: The Applied Thoughts Of A Compost Theorist

    WITHIN a 60-mile radius of my office here in central California, there are 1,000 dairies — each having an average of 2,000 cows. They generate over four million tons of manure annually, so we are pretty much in the manure business whether we want to be or not. Somebody has to manage this material and help the farmers utilize it properly, fulfilling its potential monetary value. That’s what we ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Compost Tumblers - the most effective method of composting

    There are many different methods of composting, and there are a number of products now available to those who compost. The compost bin to buy depends on the needs of the garden or home. With that said, compost tumblers provide an efficient, low maintenance, and reliable method of composting. One of the many misconceptions about composting is that there is an odor associated with decomposing ...


    By Biofinch Ltd.

  • Odourless composting in Brussels

    Located in the small city of Vorst, which is part of the greater Brussels area, Brussels Compost was faced with the problem of being surrounded by residential areas. The outside composting process produced quite an odour, and as a result of the complaints from the surrounding neighbourhood, renewal of their operating permit was uncertain. Relocation was not an option so Brussels Compost decided ...


  • Composting In rural Alaska

    Gardeners, communities and commercial enterprises have proven that composting works in Alaska, especially given large quantities of fish waste and diminishing landfill capacity. ALASKA is two and a half times larger than the largest state in the lower 48 states. Over half of the entire state’s population lives within the municipality of Anchorage. Many Alaskan villages can only be reached ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • In-Vessel Composting of Residential Organics

    In 1994, the Regional Municipality of Peel began work on a system for residential organic residuals collection and composting. Although Peel had been promoting backyard composting, greater diversion rates were sought. The public was surveyed to determine what level of cooperation could be expected for source separation and setting out of food, soiled paper products, yard trimmings, etc. “We knew ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting on the New York Highline

    Friends of the High Line will be taking their composting program to a new level using cutting-edge technology to compost in only 14 days. The Rocket composter technology allows for a continuous process of feeding it daily while constantly aerating the mass inside the vessel, producing high enough temperatures to kill pathogens.  Friends of the High Line ...


    By Tidy Planet Limited

  • Mixed MSW composting in transition

    WITHOUT a doubt, composting the mixed municipal solid waste stream is a “niche” business. It is an MSW management option that seems to be viable in very specific situations. In some instances, these plants were built to service tourist destinations, often in somewhat rural areas where recycling is difficult and landfills are distant. In several other cases, public agencies built plants to extend ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting Site Remediation Success

    Dorchester County, Maryland agreed to a remediation plan that involved composting the 140,000 tons of unprocessed feedstocks stored on site. An aggressive strategy has ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Trimming costs with Composting

    Weis Markets, Inc. has an interest in diverting organics from its grocery stores as part of its overall sustainability goals, but to bring an individual store onto the program is always decided by the economics. “It has to balance out,” says Ginny Frederick, Facilities Manager for Weis Markets. “If it costs too much at a particular location, or the store doesn’t generate ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Worming the way to finished compost

    SCREENING AND GRINDING When materials from CR&R and other generators are unloaded, a preliminary screening separates out nonorganic contaminants.    Even though there are source separated programs in places like Temecula and Lake Elsinore, there is the occasional appearance of plastic and glass that needs to be sorted out. Next, Bodlak’s crews put materials through a Vermeer tub ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting Livestock Mortalities

    Performance, composting methods, environmental impacts and biosecurity of the process are evaluated for emergency disposal of cattle by research team at Iowa State University. A THREE-YEAR study was commissioned by the Iowa Department of Natural Resources to evaluate the practical feasibility, performance, environmental impacts and biosecurity of using composting for emergency disposal - should a ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Devontalk - Composting in schools in Devon

    Do you know what London's 02 Arena and Okehampton College have in common? It's something called Big Hanna, a huge shiny composter that turns all their food waste into compost. Big Hanna arrived in Okehampton last year and immediately made her presence felt because someone had to look after her and feed her regularly. That someone is Okehampton-born and bred Gary Drew, who went to the college ...


    By Susteco AB

  • Troubleshooting the Compost Pile

    While composting is a biological process, we as composters must provide the microorganisms that do the work with the conditions they need to do their job. If there is a problem with the system, then look at it from the point of view of the microbe. What does that microbe need to function, and why isn’t it functioning correctly? Microorganisms need a source of energy organic feedstocks to feed on ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Classification of Compost Turners

    Compost turner can be divided into 3 kinds. I would like to introduce them to you one by one. 1. Self-propelled Compost Turner Our self-propelled organic fertilizer turner is with 4 wheels. The whole body of the compost ...


    By Allance Fertilizer Machinery

  • Contained Composting Systems Rewiew

    Having gained success in recycling yard trimmings, composters and recycling coordinators are reaching deeper into the organic residuals pile to capture other feedstocks. In particular, their sights are set on source separated food materials, from institutions (e.g. schools, hospitals), grocery stores and produce markets, food processors and commercial food service facilities (e.g. restaurants). A ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Characterizing the Composting Industry

    Untitled Document The first step in characterizing an industry is defining who belongs. The next step is identifying tools to measure its economic vitality. ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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